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avary cain

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Shock

How Do You Treat Shock?
Medical Shock
: To safely treat medical shock you need to thouroughly examine the person in shock. Check for any bruises, lasserations or abnormalities on the person because they most likely will not be able to feel or realise them. Also try to find a bystander who can answer questions about the injury that has occured. Immediate responses to someone in medical shock are to keep the person warm (with a blanket), keep conversation, and check vitals. Paramedics or another medical proffessional will need to follow up with the treatment.
What is Shock?
Shock is a way that our bodies can react to trauma
Symptoms of shock are low blood pressure, irregular breathing, irregular pulse, dizziness, weakness, anxiety, seizures, sweating, chest pain and confusion.
There are two main types of shock (medical, psychological)
Medical shock is life threatening, psychological shock needs to be closely monitored but is rarely fatal
Often a result of severe injury/illness, or witnessing a traumatic event
Can lead to other conditions (heart attack, organ failure)
Medical shock if often caused by severe, life threatening or traumatic injuries. Heavy bleeding, dehydration and spinal injuries are three of the most common triggers. Often people may not even feel pain when in shock and this can be dangerous because they may worsen injuries by disregarding them. Medical shock can also lead to new injuries as a result of lack of blood or oxygen. Psychological shock is caused by witnessing traumatic events. Examples of tramautic events that could cause someone to go into shock are : a drowning person, a fire, witnessing a life threatening injury, witnessing a serious crime.
When Does Shock Need Medical Attention?
Medical Shock is a medical emergency, 911 needs to be called immediately. Medical shock can be fatal so prompt treatment can save a life. Psychological shock can usually be treated by a lifeguard or the first responder, and even so medical attention should be suggested. If psychological shock persists immediate medical attention is required.
Who is at Risk to Experience Shock
When responding to emergencies responder must not only address the immediate injuries, but also check bystanders for shock.
What Causes Shock?
What Are The Types of Shock?
Includes septic shock, anaphylactic shock, cardiogenic shock, hypovolemic shock, neurogenic shock.
Requires immediate medical attention
A result of witnessing tramautic events
less severe than medical shock but still needs to be closely monitored
Can often be treated by a lifeguard or emergency responder, without need for medical attention.
Psychological Shock
: To effectively treat psychological shock you must remove the person from an environment that could worsen shock. After this you should keep them warm, check their vitals, and ask them important questions (are you in pain?, who are you with?, do you have a medical history? etc.). If they are unable to answer questions continue to ask, but try to find someone who is able to answer these questions. If shock does not subside or worsens seek help of a medical proffessional.
People that are at risk to experience medical shock are people who have experienced or are experiencing a tramautic medical emergency (ex. severe injury, fatal injury, ingesting an allergen). People who could be at risk of psychological shock are people who have witnessed traumatic medical emergencies, or any other traumatic event. Shock can escalate so it is important to look for shock in bystanders of traumatic events. People who have at some point gone into shock due to a tragic event will most likely experience shock during other traumatic events.
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