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Introduction to Plagiarism, Academic Honesty & Citation

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Kelley Wadson

on 26 May 2015

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Transcript of Introduction to Plagiarism, Academic Honesty & Citation

To plagiarize
is to use someone else's words or ideas
without acknowledgment
Introduction to Plagiarism, Academic Honesty & Citation
Figure 1: "2012: 10 Worst Plagiarism and Attribution Cases." by Sydney Smith, 2012, http://www.richardgjonesjr.com/blog/2013/1/7/worst-plagiarism-cases-of-2012.html.
Plagiarism is "that which is represented as one’s own work and has been deliberately copied from any outside source, including other students’ work"
(Bow Valley College, 2013, p. 26).
A citation provides descriptive information about a source that allows the reader to retrieve it
Reference list:
Author, Initials. (Date). Title (Italics). Location: Publisher.
What is Plagiarism?
I’ll just
copy and paste
this paragraph into my paper. My instructor won't know where it came from.
A few concepts...
An author refers to the
"origin or originator of a written work, plan" or similar creation
("Authorship," 2000).
Intellectual property
According to the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (2014), IP are
"legal rights that result from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields."
"Copyright" literally means "the right to copy."

The Canadian Intellectual Property Office (2014) states
"only the copyright owner, often the creator of the work, is allowed to produce or reproduce the work or to permit anyone else to do so.
I’ll just
change a few words
in this paragraph.
I don’t have time to write this paper. I’ll just
buy one off the Internet
I don’t have time for this assignment. I’ll just hand in
a paper I wrote last term.
Instructors want students to
find their own “voice”
that is distinct from others (such as writers, scholars, researchers, artists etc.)
Citation facilitates the production of knowledge
Researchers are able to track and confirm evidence
How to Avoid Plagiarism
Acknowledge all sources through citation!
An idea, opinion or theory found in unconventional forms, such as conversations, emails, interviews, or blog comments
What is the format? Is it a book, article, or website?
What do we know?
What do we not know?
How can we find out?
What is the evidence?
What are the findings?
published sources of information
unanswered questions or needs
ways to "test" knowledge and theories
observations and experiments
conclusions and interpretations are published
Who is the author?
What is the year of publication?
What is the title?
When is citation required?
Reprinted diagrams, illustrations, charts, or pictures found in print or on the internet
Unique phrases, words, opinions, theories or ideas taken from an article, book, newspaper, film, website, or any other source
In-text citation:
Matheson (2012) describes William Wallace, Joan of Arc and Leif Eriksson as "rebels of the Middle Ages" (p. 14).
When is citation NOT required?
"common knowledge" =
widely accepted and understood
by most people in a community:
For example:
Basic observations of the natural and man-made world
Undisputed historical and scientific facts
Common social, cultural or national beliefs and practices
common knowledge
needs citation
The sky is blue
Blue light waves are shorter and scatter more than other colours of light (Lam, 2008, p. 60).
Canada became an independent country in 1867
The British North America Act of 1867 united French and English colonists into a single Dominion of Canada with a system of local law-making (Billingsley, 2013, pp. 9-10).
Helpful Resources
Library guide for APA style:
Purdue OWL:
APA official website and blog:

Authorship. (2000). In
Collins English dictionary
. Retrieved from http: //credoreference.com

Billingsley, B. (2013). Evolution, not revolution: Canada's constitutional history and the Constitution Act, 1867.
Law Now, 37
(3), 8-12. Retrieved from http: //www.lawnow.org/

Bow Valley College (2013).
Student handbook
. Retrieved from http:// www.bowvalleycollege.ca

Canadian Intellectual Property Office (2014). A guide to copyright. Retrieved from http: //www.cipo.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cipointernet-internetopic.nsf/eng/h_wr02281.html

Lam, H. S. (2008).
The Zen in modern cosmology
. Hackensack,N.J.: World Scientific.
Three Ways to Integrate Sources
placed in quotation marks ("...")
identical to the original (exact words)
typically a small passage
restating a passage with different words and sentence structure
slightly shorter than the original passage
restating the main ideas(s) in a passage in different words and sentence structure
much shorter than the original passage(s)
Plagiarism Jeopardy!
- https://jeopardylabs.com/play/plagiarism45
To Review...
Full transcript