Transcript of South Africa
South Africa By: Hannah Martin and Shaylin Leiter Explore the South African culture and come on a journey of knowledge and history History South Africa history has dominated by the conflict of several diverse ethnic groups. The oldest indigenous people were the San and Khoikhoi. About 2,000 years ago, the Khoikhoi people settled mainly in the southern coastal region. In 1488, Bartolomeu Diaz, a Portuguese navigator, became the first European to settle in the Cape of Good Hope (named by King John II of Portugal). Although European vessels passed by South Africa on their way to East Africa and India, and would occasionally stop for provisions or rest, no permanent European settlement was made until 1652. In 1689 about 200 European refugees had arrived in South Africa. The Europeans then established a wine industry and had then intermarried with the early Dutch settlers. The Europeans then kidnapped Khoikhoi owning over 1,100 slaves. Slavery was a big part of South Africa history and did not end until 1834. African Religions South Africa's Population The current population in South Africa is 51,770,560. Here is a chart of the current South Africa population: Native African Caucasian Asian/Indian Other 41,000,938 4,586,838 1,286,930 4, 895, 855 Nelson Mandela South Africa has five different religions: Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism. These five religions were brought from the people in Asia and Europe. The religion of the San people is called: The Religion Of The San. The Religion of the San is people who believe there is a god that is powerful and great, The San either pray to him by themselves or through a healer also known as a Shaman. This is a picture of an African Shaman Nelson Mandela is one of the greatest South Africans to ever live. He has created peace through out South Africa. It all started in Mvezo, South Africa on July 18, 1918. After his father's death in 1927, he heard stories from the elders about his ancestors who fought in the war of resistance. After hearing the stories, Nelson dreamed of making his on contribution to the freedom and struggles of his people. In 1942 Nelson graduated from University College of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand in law. After graduating, Nelson joined the ANC (African National Congress) in 1944. After the banning of the ANC in 1960, Nelson argued for the setting up of a military wing within the ANC. Nelson started a campaign and the ANC allowed anyone to join Nelson in his campaign. Nelson and seven other men made plans to overthrow the government with violence. Nelson and the seven other men were sentenced to life in prison. From 1964-1982 Nelson was incarcerated at the Robben Island Prison, of Cape Town. During his years in prison, Nelson's reputation grew and grew. He was widely accepted as the most powerful South African and became a symbol of strength. Nelson was released on February 11, 1990. After his release, Nelson jumped right back into his life's work. Nelson tried as hard as he could to attain what he and others had set out to do four decades earlier. In 1991 the first ANC conference since the ban was held. Nelson was then elected President of the ANC. Language South Africa is one of the world's most multi-lingual nations with eleven official languages: English, Xhosa, Zulu, Afrikaans, Venda, Ndebele, Sepedi, Setswana, Southern Sesotho, Swati and Tsonga. Xhosa Zulu Afrikaans Venda Ndebele Sepedi Setswana Swati About 7.9 million people in South Africa speak Xhosa. Xhosa is marked by a number of clicking noises. 24% percent of South Africans can speak Zulu. Zulu is one of the only two languages in South Africa that is the most understandable. The Afrikaans language is the most spoken language in South Africa. The Afrikaans language is a given when born. Around 666,OOO of the Venda speakers live in the northern part of South Africa. Those who speak Venda were born into a Royal Family. Many South Africans can speak Ndebele. The Ndebele language is in fact a beautiful language, if you know how to speak or understand it. The Ndebele language is spoken by the Ndebele South Africans. The language of Spedi is spoken by 4,208,980 South Africans. This language is usually spoken in 3 specific provinces Southern Sesotho Setswana is commonly known as Tswana. The majority of Setswana speakers live in South Africa. The source of Setswana is in the Northern Cape. The Southern Sestho language originates from these three languages: Suto, Pedi, as well as Tswana, but is considered it's own language. Swati is spoken throughout South Africa and Swaziland. Many schools teach the children this language if they would like to learn the Swati language. The Tsongs language is mainly spoken throughout South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Swaziland. The Tsonga language does not use the English alphabet, but the Latin alphabet. Tsonga Political Problems There are currently nine main Political Problems in South Africa. These nine Political Problems are: 1. Too few South Africans are able to get a job. 2. The quality of school education for most native africans is sub standard. 3. There are challenges dealing with crime, Unemployment, health and education. 4. There is a corruption with the government. 5. Polarization within the ANC. 6. Independence of the legal system. 8. "Shoot to Kill" policy in crime prevention. 9. ANC members giving a poor image to the ANC. 7.Black Economic Empowerment (BEE). Location South Africa is located right where it sounds, the southern area of Africa. South Africa is located at the southern tip of Africa and has the neighboring countries of Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Swaziland. South Africa has a total land border of 4,750 kilometers and a coastline of 2,954 kilometers, with the Atlantic Ocean, and the Indian Ocean surrounding South Africa. South Africa Wildlife South Africa has beautiful wildlife filled with Lions, Tigers, but no bears. Here is a little clip showing you the beauty of South Africa's wildlife: Music In the Dutch colonial era from the 17th century and on, indigenous, tribespeople and slaves from the east of Africa adapted western musical instruments and ideas for songs. The Khoikhoi developed the Ramkie which is a guitar like instrument with three or four strings. Then there is the Mamokhorong which is a single string violin that the Khoi used to make their own music and in dances in the colonial center. This music was played by south african slave orchestras Fashion Traditional Modern South Africa has a very diverse country of fashion. South Africa has modern fashion worn by models and your average South African and the traditional fashion worn by tribes people. This picture shows you the traditional fashion and modern fashion of South Africa. Dance South Africa has a beautiful world of dance. Here is a short clip of South Africa's traditional dancing: Fun Facts Here are some cool South African facts... Bibliography http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/mandela-bio.html http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/south-africa-history.html http://www.southafrica.info/about/people/population.htm#.USfDIq6vesg http://www.southafrica.info/about/people/population.htm#.USfDIq6vesg http://www.leader.co.za/article.aspx?s=1&f=1&a=2893 http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100203172224AAkgZME http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Africa/South-Africa.html http://prep.bishops.org.za/academics/classpages/gr4/social%20science/DIFFERENT%20RELGIONS%20OF%20SOUTH%20AFRICA.htm In Africa there are circular structures that were found in a Mpumlanga in 2005. With those structures being discovered a MonolithicFull transcript
calendar was created. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nF92Ua0Van0 African penguins are extinct breeds with only 55, 000 left. South Africa has the most diverse and unique floral kingdoms in the world. The most luxury train on earth is in South Africa called The Rovos Rail. http://www.southafrica.info/about/arts/music.htm#.USfKBa6vesg South Africa is up to date that it is the only country that willingly abandoned their nuclear weapons. South Africa is the only country that hosted The Rugby, Soccer and Cricket world cups, South Africans have made some of the best changes in their medical technology like:
the CAT scan.
Cryoprobe (A kind of Surgery )
APS Therapy ( Action Potential Simulation Therapy ) http://www.youtube.com/user/onthegotours?v=eKW3e02QMLM&feature=pyv http://www.travelground.com/blog/ten-unusual-facts-about-sa/