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Transcript of Satire
With satire, a writer is trying to tell humans how not to act
Satire always has a target
At the heart of satire is the writer's concern, frustration, or rage about something in society he or she considers to be wrong or unfair
What message is being implied?
Is the implication effective? Why or why not?
Critical or Sympathetic?
Functions of Satire
-Because satire often combines anger and humor, it can be profoundly disturbing
- Because it is so often ironic or sarcastic, it is often misunderstood
-We must remember there is a difference between WHAT an author writes and WHY they choose to write it
All in the Family was a sitcom that premiered in 1971. Its main character, Archie Bunker, was a very outspoken bigot, making prejudiced statements about African-Americans, women, Jews, and others. Many found the show offensive, not realizing it was satire--that the intent was to expose and condemn the intolerant attitudes so many Americans held.
Look at the following cartoons and try to determine the target of the writer’s satire.
Think: What is the issue or wrong or injustice the cartoonist is trying to bring to light?
Some of the cartoons, stories, or articles we will look at involve issues that are controversial that you may have strong feelings about.
Remember, our goal is to identify and explore the writer’s or artist’s intent. You do not have to agree with the opinions expressed.
The satirist chooses to use humor to make readers or the audience aware of a serious, and usually harmful, issue in society or with human behavior.
Satire differs from comedy in that:
Satire seeks to correct, improve, or reform through ridicule
Comedy aims simply to amuse its audience
Satirists ridicule human behavior or parts of our society they want us to recognize as unacceptable.
To make readers feel critical of themselves, of their fellow human beings, or of their society
To make readers laugh at human foolishness and weakness
To make fun of vicious, selfish, mean-spirited people in the hope that we will see ourselves in such people and mend our ways
To expose errors and absurdities that we no longer notice because custom and familiarity have blinded us to them
Characteristics of Satiric Writing
Sarcasm is intentional derision, generally directed at another person and intended to hurt.
The term comes from a Greek word meaning “to tear flesh like dogs” and signifies a cutting remark.
Sarcasm usually involves obvious, verbal irony, achieving its effect by jeeringly stating the opposite of what is meant so as to heighten the insult.
Irony is a mode of expression, through words (verbal irony) or events (situational irony), conveying a reality different from and usually opposite to appearance or expectation.
Hyperbole is deliberate exaggeration to achieve an effect; overstatement.
figure of speech in which a writer or speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important than it is
Wit is most commonly understood as clever expression, whether aggressive or harmless; that is, with or without derogatory intent toward someone or something in particular.
“Being tortured with fire must have been somewhat uncomfortable.”
“Rap videos with dancers in them are not uncommon.“
“There are a few Starbucks in America."
A parody is an imitation of an author or his/her work with the idea of ridiculing the author, his/her ideas, or the work itself.
The key is that a satire wants to EFFECT CHANGE in the world.
A PARODY simply wants to ‘borrow’ the fame of its source and/or make fun of it.
If a satirist (one who writes satires) can elicit an emotional response from his or her reader, he can get them to listen to a more reasonable suggestion…
A technique often used in satirical novels is the contrast between utopian and dystopian societies.
The author usually introduces what at first appears to be a utopian society, but which the reader soon realizes is actually grotesque or dystopian.