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Transcript of Greek Theater
Three well-known playwrights of the fifth century are Sophocles, Euripides, and Aeschylus.
Thespis was considered to be the first Greek actor.
Aristotale's Poetics contained the earliest known theory about the origins of Greek theater.
Comedy was also an important part of ancient Greek theater.
Comedy plays were derived from imitation; there are no traces of its origin. Aristophanes wrote most of the comedy plays.
Out of these 11 plays survived - Lysistrata, a humorous tale about a strong woman who leads a female coalition to end war in Greece.
The plays would usually begin with festivals honoring the gods.
The actors, directors, and dramatists were all the same people.
Tragedy, comedy, and satyr plays were the theatrical forms
Orchestra, Skene, and Acting
A large circular or rectangular area at the center part of the theatre, where the play, dance, religious rites, acting used to take place.
A large rectangular building situated behind the orchestra, used as a backstage.
The cast of a Greek play in the Dionysia was comprised of amateurs, not professionals (all male).
Costumes and Masks
The actors were so far away from the audience that without the aid of exaggerated costumes and masks.
The masks were made of linen or cork, so none have survived.
Tragic masks carried mournful or pained expressions, while comic masks were smiling or leering.
The shape of the mask amplified the actor's voice, making his words easier for the audience to hear.
Why Was Theater Important
Theater was a huge part of the Grecian culture. Believe it or not, the comedies informed people about politics and other current events, and it also, of course, entertained them.
Tragedies not only entertained people, but it also taught them lessons, and showed them that life has both ups and downs.
The Greek Theater
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