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Comparing the Greeks, Mongols, and Spartans
Transcript of Comparing the Greeks, Mongols, and Spartans
The Greeks had a lot of different kinds of governments, because there were many different city-states in ancient Greece, and they each had their own government. In addition, people's ideas about what made a good government changed over time
The Spartan political mindset was war. Law forbade all Spartan males from any occupation other than that of being a soldier. Because of this, Sparta had the only full time army in all of Greece. Other Greek city states had an almost all militia army. They conducted war in a narrow season that was constructed around the planting and harvesting of crops as most men were farmers. Because of this, Sparta was able to have much better trained soldiers and a more disciplined army than any other Greek city-state. The one thing that made this possible was the helot. The helots were subjugated tribes and people that the Spartans had conquered and held in slavery. They conducted all trade and agricultural duties, freeing Spartan males to serve exclusively in the army.
Comparing the Greeks, Mongols, and Spartans
Genghis Khan founded Mongolian tribes
Religion: to avoid conflict Genghis Khan ensured complete religious freedom, though he himself was a Shamanism.
Art: Drawings were found painted on rocks and and walls of the Great Steppe Empires. Traditional paintings include paintings in oil, water color and calligraphy.
Food: Mostly meat and dairy products. The most common meat is Mutton, Camel meat. Dairy products were made from mares milk, cattle, and yacks.
Clothing: A deal of a kaftan was common. Women wore headdress
Games: Chess and checkers
Religion: Believed in many gods. Different greek cities worshiped different gods. Athens had Athena. Spartans had Apollo, Delphi, Artemis. etc...
Art: Greek life was dominated by religion so its no surprise that their temples were the biggest and the most beautiful. They also had a political purpose, to represent success in war.
Food: Their diets consisted of foods that were easily grown. Olives, figs, cheese, dried fish, bread, and honey were common. Wine and water were their main drinks, but drinking wine without it watered down was considered barbaric.
Clothing was typically homemade, the fabric used to make their clothing was also used to make blankets and sheets too. Intensely colored clothing.
Military: Sparta was focused on their military. Had the most powerful military. It was the core backbone of ancient Greece.
Religion: Their religion was the same of the greeks. They worshiped the gods Aries, and Apollo and Artemis because they were the gods of war and stuff. Many gods- Polytheism.
Food: Typically basic. Local resources. They ate to be strong, so their diet was humble. A wide variety of meat and fish. Honey, milk and cheese were common as well as figs, wine and fresh fruit.
Holmes: The lived in yurts (Ger). Ger are the Mongolian identity. Over half of them still live in yurts.
Hunting and food gathering: they hunted for their own meat. And got the dairy from cows and goats and yacks.
Hunting/gathering: The men hunted for the meat, or they bought it from local people that hunted.
Designed to keep people cool in the summer and to hold in the heat in the winter. Men and women usually kept to separate parts of the house. Their were separate rooms for men and women.
Houses: Same as greeks.
hunting: Was a big thing because they wanted to be like the great hero and gods that killed lions. And they hunted for food.
Genghis Khan had supreme power and established the posts of prime minister, state judge, shaman, minister, marshal and “darkhan”. Title holders were not only pardoned for their first nine offences but were also exempt from any taxation. Genghis also created the councils of sages and Ikh Khuraldai (general assembly) to make final decisions on state-related issues. Any outstanding issues were discussed by the council of sages which made relevant recommendations. The General Assembly discussed and took decisions on the most essential matters of war and peace. The unified Mongol state’ s basic law was a code of laws called “Ikh Zasag”. The law codified matters such as throne inheritance, relationships with foreign countries, general assemblies, rights of commoners, military force, hunting, finance, taxation, criminal and civil laws, and family law.
Aristotle divided Greek governments into monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies and democracies, and most historians still use these same divisions. For the most part, Greece began by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period there were plenty of city-states using a different system, and there were many which never did become democracies or tyrannies at all.