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Transcript of William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was one of the most famous playwrights and poets. His plays are well remembered for their vivid scripts, unique characters, and more.
By Bobby Innes-Gold, Maggie Friel and Patrick O'Connor
William Shakespeare was born in April in 1564 during the Elizabethan era. Not a lot is known about Shakespeare's childhood, including his exact day of birth. He was the third of eight children. His hometown was Stratford-upon-Avon, England. He lived in the country. Shakespeare lived during a very dangerous time period. His parents were very poor, and he likely went to a free grammar school.
The Lost Years
The period from 1578-1592 is known as the lost years of William Shakespeare. Very little is known about Shakespeare during the time since he left school at age 15, until 1592. In 1582, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway at age 18. It is thought that from 1585-92 Shakespeare was perfecting his playwriting.
Anne Hathaway was born in 1556. She was a farmers daughter. It is unknown how she met Shakespeare, though they were married in 1582. There was a controversy as on a record it says that Shakespeare wanted to marry a woman named Anne Whately. The name could have been very misspelled on the record, or it could have been a different William Shakespeare in the same area. Shakespeare and Hathaway had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith.
Shakespeare moved to London in the 1980's for his play writing. Shakespeare's first plays were the Henry VI trilogy. Shakespeare's plays were full of action, poetry, love, death, fun, music, government, rebellion and more.
The language used in Shakespeare's plays and his time period is very different than the English spoken today. Shakespeare did invent many of the words used in his plays. Below is a Shakespearean dictionary and insults generator.
Romeo and Juliet
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy about two lovers who's families are enemies so they are not allowed to love each other and end up both dying for each other. The play was made in 1595.
Hamlet was written in 1601 following the death of Shakespeare's father, which may have been part of the inspiration. However, it could've been inspired by the death of Shakespeare's son, Hamnet, who died of a mysterious illness in 1596. The play is about a young prince named Hamlet who tries to get revenge on his uncle for killing his father.
King Lear, a tragedy, was written in 1605. It is about a country falling apart. A king decides to divide his kingdom into three sections and tells his daughter whichever one of them loves him the most, will get the biggest section. 2 of his daughters kiss up to him in order for their share of the land, but his favorite, Cordelia, refuses.
A Midsummer Night's Dream
"A Midsummer Night's Dream" is a comedy written by Shakespeare in 1595. The story moves between three groups of characters: workmen, fairies, and lords and ladies. In the story, all three character groups get mixed together. The story portrays love in many different colors.
"The Tempest" was a romance written by William Shakespeare in 1611. The story is like a long folktale. It takes place on an island where a magician named Prospero rules. He was a duke, but his brother banished him. When his brother and father are sailing by the island, he makes a storm and shipwrecks them. He wants to punish them. The play is full of irony as were many of his plays.
Some think that Shakespeare did not write his plays. In 2011, the movie "Anonymous" was released. The movie went with a one hundred year old conspiracy theory that Shakespeare did not write his plays. The theory says that Shakespeare was too uneducated, and that the Earl of Oxford wrote the plays. Writing was not considered royal, so the Earl gave Shakespeare credit.
Death and Will
A final thing Shakespeare wrote was his will. Shakespeare wrote and rewrote his will many times. For years many people have struggled to understand his will. In his will, Shakespeare left his second best bed to his wife. This could mean that he did not love her, it was a joke, or that it was implied that she would get both. Shakespeare also left considerably more to his daughter Susannah than Judith. Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616. The exact reasons are unknown, though it is suspected he died from some fever.
Chrisp, Peter. Shakespeare. New York: DK Publishing, 2002. Print.
Rosen, Michael. Shakespeare: His Work and His World. Cambridge: Candlewick Press 2002. Print.
“Shakespeare.” Shakespeare Online. Amanda Mabillard. 1999-2014. Web. 9 June 2014.
“Was Shakespeare a Fraud?” CBS News. CBS Interactive. 8 June 2014. Web. 29 October 2011.
“William Shakespeare.” William Shakespeare Info. Siteseen LTD. 1 June 2014. Web. 4 June 2014.
Thanks for Watching!
"To be, or not to be, that is the question.
Macbeth is a Shakespeare's deepest and darkest plays. It's main character, Macbeth, is told he will be king of Scotland by three witches. The play was written in 1605 and questioned the standards of a good ruler.