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1920's: Political, Economic, and Social Changes

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Jade Thelen

on 11 March 2015

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Transcript of 1920's: Political, Economic, and Social Changes

1920's: Political, Economic, and Social Changes
Economic Changes During the 1920's
Many people experienced an "Economic Boom" in the 1920's
Due to Laissez-faire policy (government doesn't get involved in economy)
Some who did not experience this "economic boom:"
Farmers (producing too much)
Native Americans (lived on reservations, high unemployment)
African Americans (discrimination, segregation)
Social Changes: 18th Amendment
Passed in 1919, made the consumption of alcohol illegal
Why?
People blamed high crime rates on alcohol
People believed alcohol was evil
Traditional, rural, and religious people most often supported prohibition
Political Changes during the 1920's
Warren Harding (1921-1923)
Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)
Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)

Social Changes: Science vs. Religion
Scopes Trial
1925 A Biology teacher, John Scopes, was illegally teaching about the theory of evolution
At the time America is dominated by strong Christian people who do not was the theory of evolution taught in schools
Trial symbolizes tension int he 1920's between those for change and those in favor of traditional, older beliefs and values
Social Changes: Lives of Women
In 1920 the 19th Amendment is passed, giving women the right to vote
Women joined the workforce
Although many still believed a woman's place was in the home
Women had a hard time finding jobs outside of "traditional roles
teaching, clerical work
Faced discrimination and low wages
Social Changes: 18th Amendment
What was the problem with prohibition?
Hard to enforce
Illegal drinking created a billion dollar industry
Bootlegging
Speakeasies
Which Amendment made alcohol consumption legal again?
21st Amendment
Ratified in 1933
Social Changes: Threats to Civil Liberties
Social Changes: Harlem Renaissance
People who have wealth are spending their money on many new products
Many of the first department stores open (ex: JCPenny's)
People begin installment buying (buying on credit)
The advertising industry grows

Social Changes: Technology & Consumer Habits
Harlem Renaissance -- A rebirth in African American culture and pride that began in Harlem, New York
African Americans express their views
Poetry and Literature become an important form of expression
Jazz music becomes very popular

Leisure Activities During the 1920's
An increase in wealth, variety and free time allows for leisure activities
Sports and movies to become popular during the 1920's
Sports:
Tennis, boxing, collegiate football and especially baseball become very popular during the 1920's
Why was there a conflict in cultural values during the 1920's?
Some people took full advantage of the new music, freedoms, clothing, technology, and beliefs
Others were upset by the changes in the 1920's and feel that traditional values and beliefs were being threatened
Warren Harding (1920-1923)
"Return to Normalcy"
Get America back to normal after the war
Government less involved with foreign affairs
Teapot Dome Scandal
Government officials accepted bribes from business men
Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)
"Stay Cool with Coolidge"
Took over after Harding's death
Economy improves
The Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928
Agreement among nations to outlaw war except in self-defense
Nations agree to settle disputes through peaceful means and not war
PROBLEM: No way to enforce this
Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)
Promised to help end poverty and unequal distribution of wealth
"Help people help themselves"
PROBLEM: Stock Market Crash in October of 1929 (Black Tuesday)
Start of the Great Depression
The Rise and Fall of Prohibition
Flappers
Rebellious, independent women were given the name "Flappers"
Flappers often:
had short hair cuts
short skirts
visted speakeasies
danced
wanted the same freedom as men
WWI Legacies: Flappers
America was divided between modern and traditional beliefs/values
Different opinions, Red Scare, and the rise of the KKK resulted in the threatening of civil liberties
Racism and Nativism increased during the 1920's
Nativism
Believing that the way of life in your country is superior to other countries and people
Distrusting and disliking foreigners
Laws passed to limit immigration into the U.S.

Red Scare
A fear that communists would take over America (as they had in Russia), people thought to be communists were arrested
Communists want private property abolished, want collective ownership of property

Racism effect everyday life in the U.S
Rise of activities of the Ku Klux Klan
Against African Americans, Jews, Catholics, and Immigrants
Many people were victims of mob-lynchings and racial prejudice
Sacco and Venzetti
Issue: Two Italian immigrants were accused of robbery and murder
They were convicted and executed in 1927
Problem: They were convicted with little evidence
Many thought they were convicted because they were immigrants
1920's Republican Presidents
Scopes Trial
Harlem Renaissance
Babe Ruth Biography
Full transcript