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Ancient Egypt Society: The Classes of Egypt
Transcript of Ancient Egypt Society: The Classes of Egypt
What is in Egyptian society?
The ancient Egyptian people were grouped in a system with the Pharaoh at the top and farmers and slaves at the bottom. The groups of people nearest the top of society were the richest and most powerful.
What is a "class?"
To help you understand more of what a class is, try to think of the movie Titanic. Do you remember how the rich and wealthy people got to board on the top of the ship, and the poor were at the very bottom? Those groups of people are considered a certain "class." Such as upper class, middle class, and bottom or lower class.
The diagram below shows the structure of ancient Egyptian society.
Slaves in Ancient Egypt
When you hear the word slaves, you may think of the civil war, but slaves in ancient egypt weren't in slave markets or any auctions. They were just usually prisoners captured in war. They could be found in the homes of pharaoh's and nobles homes as cooks and/or maids.
Farmers in Ancient Egypt
Farmers worked on lands of the Pharaoh and nobles .They were given housing, food and clothes in return. Some farmers even rented land from nobles. To do that they had to pay a percentage of their crop as their rent.
Craftsmen in Ancient Egypt
craftsmen often worked in groups together in workshops. They were very skilled workers. Jobs included pottery makers, leatherworkers, sculptors, painters, weavers, jewelery makers, shoe makers, and tailors.
Soldiers in Ancient Egypt
Soldiers were responsible for defending the country. Many of the second oldest sons, which are including those of the Pharaoh often chose to join the Ancient Egyptian army. Soldiers were allowed to share riches captured from enemies and were also rewarded with land for their service to the country.
Scribes in Ancient Egypt
Scribes were the only in ancient egypt people that could read, write, and were responsible for keeping records. The ancient Egyptians recorded many things. For example, how much food was produced at harvest time, how many soldiers were in the army, numbers of workers and the number of gifts given to the Gods.
Priests in Ancient Egypt
Priests were always responsible for keeping the Gods happy and full of joy. They did not preach to people but spent their time performing rituals and ceremonies to the God of their temple.
Nobles in Egypt
Nobles ruled the regions of Egypt called nomes. They were responsible for making all of the local laws and also keeping order in their region.
The Vizier in Ancient Egypt
The Vizier was the Pharaoh's chief advisor. A lot of times he was also called the High Priest. He was always responsible for overseeing administration. Not to mention that all official documents had to have only his seal of approval. He was also responsible for the supply of food, settling disputes between nobles and the running and protection of the Pharaoh's household.
The Pharaoh in Ancient Egypt
The Pharaoh was believed to be a God on earth and had the most power. He was responsible for making laws. The Pharaoh was also in charge of keeping order, always ensuring that Egypt was not attacked or invaded by their enemies and for keeping the Gods happy.The reason why they wanted to make the gods happy was because they believed the gods provided a good harvest and controlled the Nile river. Meaning that they could flood the river when they are upset.
More Things You May Like to Know
The majority of Ancient egypt was all filled with slaves and peasants.
The youngest and one of the most famous pharaoh's, is king tut. king tut was only nine years old when he first became the pharaoh of egypt. he died when he was nineteen. In 1922, an archeologist went inside his very small tomb and found many new discoveries.
Last updated: 7/10/2012
Created: November 2000
Creator: Heather Wheeler
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