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Christianity

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by

Manzuma H

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Christianity

Series of Holy Wars launched by the Christian states of Europe
first one occurred in 1095
occurred because Turks mistreated Christians
anyone who wanted to join could: peasants, laborers, kings, and queens
under prepared but still took Jerusalem in the First Crusade
the process of "crusading" stimulated the economy
Christianity
By Adiba Hassan, Marlee Waldman, Natasha Shah, and Manzuma Hasan
4 B.C.E
Jesus is born
3 Branches
Roman Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Protestantism

Born a Jew, in Jewish tradition, born in Bethlehem
Son of Mary and her fiance, Joseph
Son of God (Christ)
One of the many teachers spreading his ideas in Judea (Roman Province)
Charismatic
Was said to perform miracles- i.e. gave a blind person sight, cured a paralyzed man, walk on water, turn water into wine.
The Crucifixion of Jesus
30 C.E
Accused and arrested of blasphemy to deny his divinity
Matthew 27: 32-56
Was burned on a cross by the Romans (was a threat to their authority)
The savior of humanity
Christ's death provided the perfect atoning sacrifice for the sins all mankind, thus making the crucifix, or cross, one of the defining symbols of Christianity.
The Birth of Christianity
Turning Points
The Great Schisms:
Roman Emperor Theodosius declared Christianity official religion of Roman Empire in 380 AD
Practices
Leaders and Followers
Roman-Byzantine Empire
Church on Sunday
Communion/Eucharist/The Last Supper
Sabbath
7 deadly sins
7 sacraments
Holidays/ Holy Days
Lent
Easter
Psalm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday
Pentecost
Advent
Christmas
Christianity Today
Major Events
Originally appealed mainly to the poor and oppressed classes
Christian Persecution
Romans were suspicious
Christians were severely prosecuted
Emperor Constantinople's conversion to Christianity ended persecution.
Christianity was able to spread as a Western belief
"After three days I will come back to life again"
Three days after his persecution, his disciple reported that he was missing from his grave

1. Pride
2. Greed
3. Lust
4. Envy
5. Gluttony
6. Anger
7. Sloth
Diffusion
Beliefs
-God
-Jesus
-The Holy Spirit
-The Virgin Mary
-Angels
-Heaven and Hell
-Lucifer
-10 Commandments


Many holidays have lost their true meaning
Christmas- Santa Claus, North Pole
Easter- Easter bunny, Egg Hunt
Christianity has become divided into many different sects
Jesus' goal was to keep Christianity a unified religion
Not many people practice the religion
They never go to Church on Sundays and just say that they're Christian
In 26 CE, John the Baptist begins the ministry
renowned prophet who baptized repentant sinners in the muddy waters of the River Jordan
Niece of Mary
Baptizes Jesus
From about 27-30 CE, Jesus preached and ministered throughout Palestine
Core group of followers formed: Disciples
John the Baptist continues the ministry after he dies
Martin Luther
Lutheranism
95 Theses
Henry VII
Anglicanism
Baptism
Emperor Constantine converts to Christianity
Birth of New Testament
What would Jesus do?
Main goal was to preserve a faith, not create a new one
Christianity is a fractured religion
Barely any practicing Christians in the world today
The Crusades
Important Books
Old Testament (In Hebrew)
New Testament a.k.a. The Holy Bible (Written after death by his followers)
Four Gospels
The Book of Acts of Apostles
Epistles of Paul and other evangelists
The Book of Revelation
However, 33% of the world considers themselves as Christian
Christianity in 2008
Saul of Tarsus converts and becomes Paul the Apostle
Crosses have come into fashion today

-Purgatory: state of suffering and purification occupied by sinners before going to heaven.
-largest Christian group

-Pope
-Seven Sacraments
Diocese
Clergy
Bishop
Parish
Priests and Pastors
Pope
leader of Catholic Church
Patriarch
highest rank Bishop
Cardinals
princes of church
Pope Francis
Other Branches/Families
Jesus
12 apostles
-John The Baptist
USA-73%
World-33%
Europe-76%
Believe in the trinity
Jesus Christ was both God and man
do not accept doctrine of purgatory
Hell is souls rejection of God's infinite love
Ecumenical Patriarch at the top
Current Ecumenical Patriarch
First "christians" were Jews
first missionary was Paul
Christianity spread during the founding of the New World
Protestants escaping persecution traveled to North America, bringing with them their beliefs
By 1900, Christianity spread to every continent
Jehovah Witnesses
Roman Catholicism
Community of the Lady of all Nations
Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments
Independent Church
Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church
Eastern Orthodox
Oriental Orthodox
Nestorian Church of the East
Eastern Catholic Church
Protestant
Anglican Church
Baptists
Lutherans
Methodism
Presbytarian
Separatists
-administrative headquarters in Vatican
The division of Christianity into Eastern (Greek) and Western (Latin) branches
East-West
West
split within Catholic Church (1378 to 1418). Three men claimed to be the Pope. It was ended by the Council of Constance
1. Baptism
2. Communion
3. Reconciliation
4. Confirmation
5. Marriage
6. Holy Orders
7. Anointing of the Sick
How Christianity began to grow
Spread of Christianity
Most severe persecution in Roman Empire
The Great Persecution:
Emperors Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius and Constantius revoked legal rights of Christians
demanded they comply with Roman traditional religion
The Great Persecution
Full transcript