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Pop Culture 1910-1919
Transcript of Pop Culture 1910-1919
Men and boys were drafted and sent abroad.
Women had to fill their places in factories.
Government instituted new patriotism and nationalism programs in schools and curriculum.
Many fathers killed in war causing many children to be raised by single mothers.
A majority of the men who survived from the war went through post-traumatic stress disorder. Progressive Era continued until World War I. Youth organizations- Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts created post-war to encourage war support and educate the public on the war. Technology & Science Gideon Sundback patented the first modern zipper. Harry Brearley invented stainless steel. Charles Strite invented the first toaster. Henry Ford revolutionized the auto company with the Model T in 1914. The army tank was invented. Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. Max von Laue discovers the diffraction of x-rays by crystals Alfred Wegener puts forward his theory of continental drift. The RMS Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic on April 15, 1912. 1,517 people died. Politics Presidents were William Howard Taft (1909-1913) and Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921). World War I
June 28, 1914, Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo, Bosnia. This started the war.
The U.S. joined the Allies (Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and Japan), who were at war with the Axis Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey), after German submarines began sinking unarmed ships—notably the Lusitania.
The U.S. declared war on Germany April 6, 1917
Was characterized by trench warfare.
1919, The Treaty of Versailles was signed after the Axis Powers surrendered. There was a minor economic depression known as the Panic of 1910-1911, which was followed by the enforcement of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Art Popular forms of art include realism, primitivism, symbolism, Fauvism, Dadaism, Futurism, and Cubism. Georgia O'Keeffe began painting her sexual and controversial abstract forms. Ash Can realist depicted gritty New York scenery and lower class residents. Horace Pippin, a self-taught black painter, came back from the war in 1919 with sketches of the French countryside and horrors of battle. Popular artists during this time include John Marin, Max Weber, Joseph Stella, Pablo Picaso, and Henri Matisse. Fashion Women were began seeking more comfortale clothing. The hobble skirt became popular. Fabrics became lighter, colors are brighter, and styles are looser. Lowered necklines became popular. The Tea Gown was worn 'at home.' The sack, the sheath, oriental costumes, harem pants, and the Hellenic tunic were all introduced. Head gear was worn and very costum-y and gaudy. Suffragettes started a more comfortable fashion - no more hobble skirt - and lots of pockets. Hemlines inched up to show ankles. Men wore striped trousers, a morning coat, starched white shirt, top hat and frock coat. At home, informal lounge suits, tweed jackets and striped blazers were worn as well as dinner jackets in the evening. Sports 1912 Summer Olympics were held in Stockholm, Sweden. 1916 Summer Olympics were canceled due to war. Popular sports during this time were baseball and boxing. Famous baseball players include Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson,Walter Johnson, & Ty Cobb.
Popular boxers during this time were Jack Dempsey & Jess Willard. Literature Popular books during this time include Hanns Heinz Ewers's The Sorcerer's Apprentice (1910), Gaston Leroux's The Phantom of the Opera (1911), Edgar Rice Burroughs's Tarzan of the Apes (1912),D. H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers, and Zane Grey's Wild Fire. Music 1910s was known as the Ballroom Decade. Black Americans continued to write and perform ragtime, blues and jazz. Popular songs of the decade included Alexander's Ragtime Band by Irving Berlin, Danny Boy, You Made Me Love You by Al Jolson, Ah! Sweet Mystery of Life, The Aba Daba Honeymoon, and All I Do is Dream of You. War songs included Pack Up Your Troubles in Your Old Kit Bag, Keep the Home Fires Burning, Over There, Til We Meet Again, Oh! How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning, and Hinky Dinky Parlay Vous. Film & Theatre Teens enjoyed Theda Bera and vamping, a seductive, sexual dance and posturing. People flocked the Ziegfeld Follies and Vaudeville on Broadway to see stars such as Fannie Brice, Fatty Arbuckle, and Bill "Bojangles" Robinson. Bojangles was a tap dancer- invented the stair tap. Plays other than musicals included those by George Bernard Shaw, Booth Tarkington, and Sinclair Lewis. Movies were extremely popular. Hollywood replaces the East Coast as the center of the movie industry. The first U.S. feature film, Oliver Twist, was released in 1912. Charlie Chaplin débuts his 'Little Tramp' character in Kid Auto Races at Venice in 1914. The Warner Bros. opened their 1st West Coast studio in 1918. Dance Popular dances during this time include the Foxtrot, Maxixe, One-Step, Tango, Waltz. THE END!!!