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Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory
Transcript of Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory
- Social learning precedes development.
- The MKO (more knowledgeable other) refers to an individual that has more knowledge of a certain task .
- The MKO was thought to be an older adult, teacher or coach but could also be a peer, younger individual or computer.
- The ZPD (Zone of Proximal Development) refers to the distance between a students ability to perform a task under supervision
- Children develop skills (tools) to serve as ways to communicate their needs, the internalization of these tools lead to higher thinking skills. Lev Vygotsky was a Russian psychologist who created the theory of Social Development.
Vygotsky lived during the Russian Revolution. Lev Vygotsky 1896-1934 Vygotsky believed that social learning was vital to the process of a child's development. Children would learn skills from social situations. Learning takes place in social situations (externally) more so than from self initiated discovery (internally). A child would receive assistance from an individual more skilled in that particular area, the child would repeat the task with help and add this new skill to their list of skills, thus leading to development. Vygotsky named the individual with more knowledge of a skill, the MKO (More Knowledgeable Other). The MKO was thought to be an adult but could also be a peer or computer. When a child tries a task individually and then receives help from a more knowledgeable individual this is called the ZPD (Zone of Proximal Develpment). In this zone learning takes place. A great example of this was a child struggling to do a jigsaw puzzle by themselves. Then having their parent show them strategies for completing the puzzle, such as find the corners first and all the outside pieces. The child now has more knowledge of how to do a jigsaw puzzle and can apply that to future jigsaw puzzles. Vygotskys theory is quite true because I believe that through guidance and encouragement children learn and become more competent individuals. I see this at work all the time, whether I am helping a child hone a set of skills or a peer is helping a child with a task. I love the following quote by Vygotsky, I feel that it is so true. "It is through others that we become ourselves"
-Vygotsky By: Brittany Ludwig
HS 114 Human Development 1
Instructor: Cheyney Kirzinger Vygotsky'S Sociocultural Theory "What a child can do in co-operation today he can do alone tomorrow"
- Vygotsky This theory is at work any time we as teachers are working with children to further their knowledge of a task. An example from personal experience would be teaching a child to tie her shoes. She couldn't do this by herself and got so frustrated. I gave her the rhyme about the bunny as I showed her the steps. She can now link the rhyme with the steps and tie her shoes. Social interaction is the driving force behind cognitive development. Children learn best through social interactions. They develop a set of skills that will help get them farther in life. I feel that this theory isn't limited to early development. Even as adults we learn faster when a more experienced person teaches us a new skill, whether it be for work or a hobby. With today's technology we have access to so many more MKO's. For example if you want to learn how to smoke BBQ ribs, you would go on YouTube and learn different techniques from an MKO's video. References www.learning-theories.com/vygotskys-social-learning-theory.html lanedonohue.wordpress.com/2012/06/23/vygotsky-four-famous-quotes-still-holding-true-today/ www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html#5thash.H3BxRcNk.dpbs psychology.about.com/od/developmentecourse/f/sociocultural-theory.htm
-By Kendra Cherry, About.com Guide What is Sociocultural Theory lanedonohue.wordpress.com