Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Transcript of Poetry
A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
FORM - the appearance of the words on the page
LINE - a group of words together on one line of the poem
STANZA - a group of lines arranged together
Kinds of Stanzas
Couplet = a two line stanza
Triplet (Tercet) = a three line stanza
Quatrain = a four line stanza
Quintet = a five line stanza
Sestet (Sextet) = a six line stanza
Septet = a seven line stanza
Octave = an eight line stanza
Sound Effects: Rhythm
The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem.
Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.
Point of View
The poet is the author of the poem.
The speaker is the narrator of the poem.
A word is dead
When it is said,
I say it just
Begins to live
A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Occurs when stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern.
When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. Then they repeat the pattern throughout the poem.
FOOT - unit of meter
A foot can have two or three syllables.
Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables
TYPES OF FEET
The types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables.
TYPES OF FEET (cont.)
Iambic - unstressed, stressed
Trochaic - stressed, unstressed
Anapestic - unstressed, unstressed, stressed
Dactylic - stressed, unstressed, unstressed
Kinds of Metrical Lines
monometer = one foot on a line
dimeter = two feet on a line
trimeter = three feet on a line
tetrameter = four feet on a line
pentameter = five feet on a line
hexameter = six feet on a line
heptameter = seven feet on a line
octometer = eight feet on a line
Free Verse Poetry
Unlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Does NOT have rhyme.
Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.
A more modern type of poetry.
Blank Verse Poetry
Written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOT use end rhyme.
Cowards die many times before their deaths;
The valiant never taste of death but once.
Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,
It seems to me most strange that men should fear;
Seeing that death, a necessary end,
Will come when it will come.
Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.
(A word always rhymes with itself.)
Share the short “a” vowel sound
Share the combined “mp” consonant sound
A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line.
Hector the Collector
Collected bits of
Collected dolls with broken heads
And rusty bells that would not
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.
Once upon a midnight
, while I pondered weak and
From “The Raven”
by Edgar Allan Poe
a.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, slant rhyme
The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTH
ROSE - LOSE
Different vowel sounds
(long “o” and “oo” )
Share the same consonant sound
PHONE - HOME
Different consonant sounds
(“n” and “m”)
Share the same vowel sound
A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always).
Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern. (See next slide for an example.)
Sample Rhyme Scheme
The Germ by Ogden Nash
A mighty creature is the
Though smaller than the
His customary dwelling
Is deep within the human
His childish pride he often
By giving people strange
Do you, my poppet, feel
You probably contain a
Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words
If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
Similar to alliteration EXCEPT . . .
The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words
“silken, sad, uncertain, rustling . .”
Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry.
(Often creates near rhyme.)
Lake Fate Base Fade
(All share the long “a” sound.)
Examples of Assonance
“Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing.”
"The crumbling thunder of seas" Robert Louis Stevenson
A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem.
(Like the chorus in a song)
“Quoth the raven, ‘Nevermore.’”
types of poetry
A short poem
Usually written in first person point of view
Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene
Do not tell a story and are often musical
A Japanese poem written in three lines
An old silent pond . . .
A frog jumps into the pond.
Splash! Silence again.
A five line poem containing 22 syllables
Above the bulk
Of crashing water hangs
Autumnal, evanescent, wan
A fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme.
The poem is written in three quatrains and ends with a couplet.
The rhyme scheme is
abab cdcd efef gg
A poem that tells a story.
Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry because the poet needs to establish characters and a plot.
Examples of Narrative Poems
“Casey at the Bat”
“The Walrus and the Carpenter”
In concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem.
Figurative Language Terms
There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.
Shall I compare thee to a summer's
Thou art more lovely and more
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of
And summer's lease hath all too short a
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven
And often is his gold complexion
And every fair from fair sometime
By chance, or nature's changing course,
But thy eternal summer shall not
Nor lose possession of that fair thou
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his
When in eternal lines to time thou
So long as men can breathe or eyes can
So long lives this, and this gives life to