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The Great Adventure of Lewis and Clark

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Emily Blake

on 20 December 2013

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Transcript of The Great Adventure of Lewis and Clark

The Lewis and Clark Expedition

By Emily Blake, Emily Garver, and Audrey Bardsley
The Adventure begins
Just gained lots of new land from the Louisiana Purchase
Jefferson wanted to explore this new territory
Meriwether Lewis
William Clark
Co Leader of the Lewis and Clark expedition
Born in 1788
A daughter of a Shoshone chief
Around age 12 she was captured and sold to a French-Canadian
trapper who made her his wife
Had two children
Helped the expedition by naming plants and
gathering edible fruits and vegetables for
the group.
Was the only woman on the expedition
Died at Fort Manuel in 1812
Born August 18, 1774 in Ivy, Virginia
Member of the state militia and joined the regular army
Leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
Chose William Clark to be co leader of the expedition
Lewis spent weeks studying for the journey
(He chose Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to lead this expedition.)
Preparing For the Journey
Lewis spent weeks studying with experts about plants, surveying, and other subjects they would use on their journey.

Lewis and Clark chose 50 skilled men to join their group
Born on August 1, 1770
Before the expedition he was previously in
the military.
Very illiterate
Passage from the journal:
"Brackfast on the upper point of a Sand beech, The river still falling a little a verry warm Day. I took Some medison last night which has worked me very much party all in helth except Boils"
These are both drawings of birds, but as you can probably tell, some people were better artists than others.
Drawing of a canoe from Lewis and Clark's journals
Evergreen Shrub Leaf
Along the Way
Their group, also known as the Corps of Discovery, traveled up the Missouri River to St. Charles.
After St. Charles they would not get anymore letters, fresh supplies, or reinforcements.
600 miles up the Missouri River they met their first Indians.
They picked up Sacagawea and her husband and continued on their journey.
After crossing the Rocky Mountains they followed the Columbia River.
In 1805 Lewis and Clark reached the Pacific Ocean.
Finally in March 1806 Lewis and Clark began the long trip home.
The expedition took 863 days
The total distance was 7,689 miles
There was 1 dog, 1 baby, and 1 woman also on the journey.
The keel boat at the beginning of the journey was 55' long 8' wide 32' tall hinged mass
Each man consumed 9 pounds of meat a day if possible
1001 deer 56 bear 9 turkey 375 elk 113 beaver Plovers 48 227 bison 16 otter 18 wolves (only ate 1) 62 Antelope 104 geese 190 indian dogs (purchased)
Cost: initially approved by congress $2,500 grew to $38,722.25 (15x original amount) if added the land amount they each got after returning it reaches $136,000 in today's money it would be equal to $126,000,000.
A New Crowd
An artist's rendition of Lewis and Clark's first meeting with Sacajawea
Lewis, Clark, and posse first encountered the Oto tribe along the Platte River on July 28, 1804
The List
-Amahami Indians (Anahami, Ahaharway, Wattasoon)
-Arikara Indians (Sahnish)
-Assiniboin Indians
-Atsina Indians (Gros Ventre)-Bannock Indians
-Blackfeet Indians
-Cathlamet Indians (Kathlamet)
-Cayuse Indians -Chehalis Indians (Chilwitz, Chiltz) -Cheyenne Indians
-Chinook Indians

-Clackamas Indians -Clatskanie Indians
-Clatsop Indians
-Cowlitz Indians -Crow Indians (Absaroka)
-Flathead Indians (Salish) -Hidatsa Indians -Kickapoo Indians -Klickitat Indians (Klikitat)
-Kootenai Indians (Kootenay, Kutenai)
-Mandan Indians
-Minitari Indians (Minnetaree)
-Missouri Indians

-Multnomah Indians
-Nez Perce Indians (Sahaptin, Shahaptin)
-Omaha Indians
-Oto Indians
-Palouse Indians (Palus) -Pawnee Indians -Quinault Indians
-Shoshone Indians (Snake)
-Siletz Indians
-Siuslaw Indians -Skilloot Indians -Tenino Indians
-Teton Sioux Indians
-Tillamook Indians
-Umatilla Indians -Umpqua Indians -Wahkiakum Indians (Wahkiaku) -Walla Walla Indians (Walula)
-Wanapum Indians (Wanapam, Sokulks) -Wasco Indians (Kiksht)
-Wishram Indians (Wishham, Tlakluit) -Yakima Indians -Yankton Sioux Indians (Nakota)
May 14, 1804
The expedition begins in St. Louis.
Thomas Jefferson
August 3, 1804
Arikara tribe astonished by York (Big Medison)
The first official council between representatives of the United States and Plains Indians is held.
October 1804-April 1805
Was President at the time.
Asked Lewis to lead an expedition of the northwestern part of the country.
Was the principal author of the Deceleration of Independence.
Commissioned the Lewis and Clark expedition
The expedition establishes Fort Mandan to spend
the winter. There the explorers meet
Sacagawea and her husband.
August 12, 1805
Lewis climbs the first ridge to the Continental Divide.
September 1805
The expedition nearly starves. Local peoples help the explorers.
November 7, 1805
The expedition reaches a bay of the Pacific Ocean.
Met Sacajawea of the Shoshone tribe on November 11, 1804
Chinooks had the tendency to steal stuff from the Americans
September 23, 1806
After more than 2 years and more than 8,000 miles, the journey was over. They returned to St. Louis.
The Clatsop were so friendly, Lewis left them Fort Clatsop complete with furniture
Missouri and Oto were difficult to negotiate with- extreme drama queens- they wanted their whiskey
In return for food, Clark would treat the Nez Perse's wounds (their "favorite phisician" as Lewis wrote)
Shoshone were described by Lewis as "not only cheerful but even gay, fond of gaudy dress and amusements...”
None of the Corps spoke Sioux, so there were constant disagreements between them and the Teton Sioux
Tough Times
The Diary of a Grown Man
after the trip
After their journey Lewis and Clark received large amounts of land and double pay
Jefferson made Lewis governor of the Territory of Upper Louisiana
Clark was made a general of the militia and superintendent of Indian affairs for the Territory of Upper Louisiana.
Clark was also appointed governor of the Missouri Territory.
In 1809, after trying twice, Lewis committed suicide by shooting himself with two pistols.
Importance of the trip
tough Times
Medical problems:
heatstroke, frostbite, hypothermia, several broken bones, diarrhea / dysentery, syphilis, boils, a gunshot wound, fleas, lice, and many more
(In addition to all this, not much was known about how to correctly treat these ailments, so Lewis endangered the lives of a lot of his men with his "treatments").
The Raging River:
The Corps of Discovery
The Missouri River
(It really wasn't much of a battle. In 1804 the corps had some trouble going upriver due to the river's strong current, but both man and river survived.)
If you couldn't tell, this is the Missouri River.
The path less taken... Much, much less taken...
The men often got lost, traveling in such a large expanse of land with no maps and all.
Boils. Aren't they lovely?
(One man actually got lost for two weeks while trying to find two horses.)
Despite all this, only one man died on the journey, Sergeant Floyd.
A major role of importance during the trip was, Manifest Destiny. This was important because during their journey they discovered more of the land that the people would soon be moving into. They also met the Indians that they were going to share their land with.
Lewis' Posse
Along the journey came:
Deverell, William, and Deborah G. White. United States History: Growth and Development, Beginnings to 1914. Austin, TX: Holt McDougal, 2010. Print.
Hakim, Joy. The New Nation. New York: Oxford UP, 1993. Print.
York, Clark's African American servant
Lewis' dog, Seaman
35 other military
Full transcript