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Washington's Split Cabinet

HOTA 2/25/13

Emily Brown

on 23 February 2013

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Transcript of Washington's Split Cabinet

Split Cabinet The Sectional Divide between
Hamilton and Jefferson Washington's Cabinet Cabinet Split Hamilton Divisive Conflict # 1:
Bank of the US Divisive Conflict # 2:
French Revolution Jefferson Divisive Conflict #3:
The British in the Caribbean/Jay's Treaty Henry Knox - Secretary of War
Edmund Rudolf - Attorney General
Thomas Jefferson - Secretary of State (foreign affairs)
Alexander Hamilton - Secretary of the Treasury Jefferson and Hamilton had completely different opinions about the power of the federal government, which split Washington's cabinet into two, based on sectional differences and concerns. Strong British ties - wanted to base the government on the British system and make the British an ally - "more British than American"
Favored a strong national government
Supported by the wealthy North (Federalists)
Wanted economy mostly based on industry and banking of the North, yet a balanced economy of agriculture, trade, and banking
Wanted a taxing system, and to raise voting requirements
Favored a loose interpretation of the Constitution Favored strong state government
Supported by poor Southern farmers (Democratic-Republicans)
Wanted economy based on farming
Favored a strict interpretation of the Constitution Part of Hamilton's four part plan to attack the nation's debt was to create a national bank that would print money and stabilize the economy.
Jefferson hated this idea–it wasn't in the Constitution (and therefore not within Federal jurisdiction), and created an unfair relationship between the government and the rich bankers of the North. When the French revolutionists took over France with their rein of terror and the guillotine, both Jeffersonians and Hamiltonians wanted to intervene.
Liberal Jeffersonains wanted to defend the rebels, as they were fighting for a similar cause as the American Revolution
Conservative Hamiltonians hated the mobocracy of the rebels, and supported the monarchy. Because of the British impressments in the West Indies, Washington sent John Jay to Britain, where Jay's Treaty was signed.
Jeffersonians (Western settlers and Southern farmers) hated the treaty–it helped the rich and forced the Western settlers to trade through the British.
Hamiltonians liked the treaty because it avoided war and strengthened ties between the US and Britain, as well as between the Federalists and the federal government. Washington's Farewell Address
1796 Washington warned the nation against the divisive two-party system in his farewell address in order to potentially fix the Hamiltonian/Jeffersonian split. One of Washington's biggest obstacles as the first president was finding unity and trust with the American people, and this unity was threatened by his strongly opinionated cabinet. Washington saw the potential problems with the many domestic and international issues he dealt with during his presidency. Hamilton (North) Jefferson (South) VS Divisive Conflict # 2:
French Revolution Once England decided to fight against the reign of terror, both men wanted to join the war, but for different countries.
Jefferson supported the French because of the Franco-American Treaty, when France helped America establish their democracy. He also believed that because democracy was working in the US, it should be given a chance to work in France.
Hamilton supported the English because England was the blueprint for the BoUS, and America's heritage. Hamiltonians Federalists Jeffersonians Democratic-Republicans Republicans
(Era of Good Feelings) National Republicans Whigs Jacksonian Republicans Republicans Democrats Evolution of the Political Parties Emily Brown
Full transcript