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Akbar's Successors, The Empire's Decline and Decay
Transcript of Akbar's Successors, The Empire's Decline and Decay
Ruled the Mughal empire during the "classic period" in 1556
Invented his own religion called the "Divine Faith"
Divine Faith - combined Hinduism, Jainism, Christianity, and Sufism
His new religion attracted few followers and offended Muslims
When he died so did his religion, Divine Faith.
Also referred to as Akbar the Great Introducing Akbar Jahangir's other son.
Got his place on the throne by assassinating his competition.
Two greatest passions: beautiful buildings, and his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
His wife died while giving birth to their 14th child, he then ordered her tomb to be built, which is now the Taj Mahal.
Instead of helping and focusing on his suffering country, Shah focused on his wife and building her tomb and taxing all his citizens to pay for constructing her tomb. Successor #2: Shah Jahan Akbar's son
Wasn't a very good leader, and left most of his political affairs to his wife, Nur Jahan, who was a politically intelligent Persian princess.
Jahangir tried to promote Islam in the Mughal state, but he accepted of other religions.
One of Jahangir's sons rebelled against his father and turned to the Sikhs religion, which caused the Sikhs to become the target of Mughal's hatred. Successor #1: Jahangir When his father, Shah Jahan, got sick he and his three brothers fought viciously for who would take the throne.
Aurangzeb executed his older brother (his biggest competition), and then put his father in jail.
Expanded the Mughal size, but weakened the empire's power during his reign since he oppressed his people.
Strictly enforced Islamic laws, he also outlawed drinking and gambling.
Tried to get rid of all the gains Hindus had achieved while under the power of Akbar by destroying their monuments, brought back taxes on non-Muslims, and banned construction of new temples.
He got in many wars since he made many enemies (with mostly Hindus) which caused him to double taxes on only Hindu merchants to pay for the wars. Successor #3: Aurangzeb Aurangzeb left the empire drained from resources and 2 million people died in a famine during his reign. Needless to say, his subjects felt little or no loyalty to him.
The Mughal empire was no longer one big united empire, but more of patches of independent states.
European traders slowly started closing in around the empire.
Aurangzeb and Shah Jahan let the English come in and gain power without even realizing what they were doing. The Empire's Decline and Decay Taj Mahal Indira Gandhi: First woman to become prime minister of India. She was in Indian polictics for almost 30 years until she was assassinated by her two Sikh bodygaurds.
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