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Battle & Death March of Bataan
Transcript of Battle & Death March of Bataan
1. Describe the events that led up to the Battle of Bataan.
2. Explore the fall of the Philippines at the Battle of Bataan.
3. Explain the occurrences of the Bataan Death March.
Japan was looking to expand its empire, as it was lacking in raw mineral resources. It had ambitions to take over the entire Pacific.
MacArthur predicted a Japanese attack
on the Philippines, and rallied up troops. However, most of the Filipino soldiers were volunteers who were not very well prepared.
Only hours after the Pearl Harbor
bombing, Japan bombed the U.S. airfields located in the Philippines. The bomb destroyed most of the planes the U.S. would have used to defend themselves.
Bataan Death March
At the Bataan Death March, the
Japanese forced 76,000 American and Filipino soldiers to march 66 miles from Bataan to a confinement camp, Camp O'Donnell. The march lasted almost 10 days.
This was one of the tactics the
Japanese used to systematically kill enemy soldiers in mass. Around 10,000 prisoners of war died during the Bataan Death March.
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The Bataan Death March and the 66-Year Struggle for Justice.
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Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 19 May 2015.
Battle at Bataan
The Battle & Death March of Bataan
By: Ananyaa Bharadwaj and Emory White
The Japanese terribly abused the soldiers during the
march. The POWs were beaten, shot, bayoneted, and beheaded. Others died simply from being underfed and other bad conditions.
Out of the ones who survived the Bataan Death March
and made it to Camp O'Donnell, a few thousand died of starvation or disease or were murdered there.
The prisoners of war that survived Camp O’Donnell
were sent on death ships aka "hell ships" to become forced laborers in Japan. The death ships were similar to the slave ships from the Civil War, the conditions were awful, it was overcrowded, and disease spread easily. Many died aboard these ships.
Bataan Death March contd.
The tensions between Japan and America were rising and it became clear they were heading for a showdown.
Japan's Attack Contd.
Japanese ground forces invaded Luzon,
a key island of the Philippines. They tried to close in on the capital, Manila.
MacArthur was the general in charge of
the defending troops, but was called to go to Australia. He left, but promised to return.
The abandoned troops tried to fend for
themselves in his absence and fled to the neighboring islands of Corregidor and Bataan.
The Philippines wanted out of the war. Their
President, Manuel Quezon, requested Roosevelt to grant them independence, so they could declare neutrality. Roosevelt rejected the request, knowing that Japan wouldn't acknowledge such a late statement of neutrality anyway.
The troops on Bataan and Corregidor were
trapped. They weren't very experienced, and though they tried hard, they were no match for the Japanese. They had no choice but to surrender.
The last U.S. troops in the Philippines
surrendered soon afterward at Minandao. Shortly, the resistance of the islands also ceased.
*It is said that despite MacArthur having predicted the attack, he was in shock when they struck, and some historians blame the Philippine's loss on his lack of being able to command.
bombing of the airfield
map of Japanese advance
battle at Bataan
Bataan Death March
Japanese abusing POW