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HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

Resources Group (Khushi, Carol, Sean, Aleen)
by

Khushi Nansi

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

Hydraulic Fracturing
Environments-Opposing View
"Nothing like a refreshing glass of fire."
"Look, natural gas, just like oil, is going to eventually go away. It's not renewable."

Our Solution
Future Concerns-Short Term
BILLIONS LOST SINCE 2008
Future Concerns
OVERVIEW BACKGROUND (Aleen)
Industries-Supporting View

By: Carol, Khushi, Aleen, Sean


YES
FRACKING
WAY!
Creates More Jobs
Natural Shale Gas is Cleaner
Oil Spills
Fracking causes Oil Spills
Water Contamination
Endangers Health Of Communities
Small Scale Earthquakes
Meet Increasing Energy Demands
Water Consumption
What is Fracking?
Location
History
Stop the frack attack!
Fracking is like grave digging for our children.
-Edward G. Rendell


Destroys Ecosystems
Gulf of Mexico (2010)
Thousands
of Animals Affected
Prime Mating Time
Lack of Future Generations
Enough Oil/Gas
Fire
People Are Falling Ill
CONSEQUENCES
HUGE
Amounts Of Water
British Columbia
Cracking The Earth
Breaking The Rocks
HIGH PRESSURE
Within 5km
Within 300m of the depth
One Shale Well
20 Million Litres
Alberta
174,000 Shale Wells
3 480 000 000 000 Litres of Water
Water Supply Decreases
BUT

The Population Increases
Oil & Natural Gas
Non-Renewable
FRACKING
On one side there we have
The Environmental View
For the sake of the environment, nearby communities and future generations fracking should be discontinued
Energy
We depend on it
Its hard to say if we could live without it
It drives our daily needs and desires
Our issue regards fracking- a process of gathering natural gas (a non-renewable resource)
This is where our issue comes into play
(Shorted for Hydraulic Fracturing)
SHORT TERM VIEW-Fracking is an important
economical resource and should continue
We also have...
SHOULD
CONTINUE IN CANADA
To fully understand the issue, we need to understand the problem
SO WHAT EXACTLY IS FRACKING?
Lately there has been great controversy
surrounding fracking
Stakeholders: First Nations, Those living near fracking sites, Environmentalists,

Stakeholders: Government & Corporation
THE PROCESS
Step 1: Public Support
Step 4
-Enforce a law
Bill must be approved
BALANCE
NO
(Environmental)
YES
(Industry)
Upset First Nations, Environmentalists and People living near sites
Huge environmental consequence
Risk the health of people living in nearby communities.
Banning fracking-greatly upset industries
Unlikely-power industries> government
other various damaging methods of extracting oil and gas
We decided that the ideal solution would be a balanced between the industry and environmental views.
The Most Effective Solution
Ramifications-Issues that may come up
Main source of problems- the industries
The problem-managing all the companies
Industries have power over the government
Thus, the government will not crack easily
More competitive companies
May try to get around rules -e.g. opening up
new companies
Requiring companies to keep fracking sites a distance from communities, water, wildlife etc
Therefore, we find restricting, regulating fracking through enforcing stricter laws would be the ideal solution, and would recommend so to the Minster of Environments
Limiting the total amount of fracking that takes place
Requiring companies to use a filter when conducting this activity (mobile evaporator)
Requiring companies to release information on chemicals used
Should Fracking Continue?
Pressure Industries & Government
Step 2
Step 3
-Pass new Bill
Elaborate on process
Now we've seen both sides-lets think about what to do
Cannot regulate black market/illegal activity
Need new source of energy to meet demands
Convert to Renewable Energy
Take Action Now
http://www.avaaz.org/en/petition/Government_of_Canada_Implement_Stricter_Laws_Regarding_Hydraulic_Fracturing/?copy
Even you can make a difference!

Before
After
Benefiting the Economy
Canada = Richer
"ENORMOUS POSITIVE IMPACT "
MORE THAN $300 Million
per year
- Lt. Col. Edward A.L Roberts invented the fracturing technique (1865-1866)
- George Mitchell
- Has been used since 1949

1st Commercial Application
March, 17, 1949
Duncan, Oklahoma
By 1988, the Fracking method had been applied nearly then 1m times
Money Down The Drain
Shale Gas Can't Even Be Acquired Completely
Limited Supply
"At current consumption rates, oil may run out by 2060"
Fools Gold
National Energy Board of Canada-”Energy demand will grow at a rate of between 0.3 per cent and 1.4 per cent, per year”
Hydraulically Fractured Locations
Canada's dependency on oil grows each day, it is predicted that by 2030 Canada will NEED to produce 5.8 million barrels per day to meet demands
In 2007 Statistics Canada performed a study that showed that men were one and a half times more likely to be laid off
Depression
JOB = $ = HAPPY!!!
Fracking is the easiest and fastest way to extract oil
Fracking in Canada
- Fracking started in Canada in the mid 1960’s
Exploration and production of oil and gas is 10 percent of Canada’s GDP

2500-3000m
9,000psi pressured water
Major Shale Wells in Canada
174,000 wells in Alberta alone
Canada has the largest Shale Gas Basin in North America
All Hydraulically Fractured Wells in Canada
Canada first started hydraulically fracturing shale gas wells in the mid 1960s.
19 days worth of Niagara Falls' water is needed for all the wells in Alberta
3,915,000,000,000L of water
2,250,000L of water for one shale gas well
=
VS
Significance to Canada
Need new energy sources
2003-United States expanded the number of wells
2005-Canadian government began hydraulically fracturing in Alberta and in New Brunswick

Natural Gas emits 50% as much carbon dioxide
1/3 less nitrogen oxides
1% as much sulfur oxides
as coal combustion
Full transcript