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Transcript of Industrial Revolution
When people stopped making things at home and started making things in factories
The Cotton Gin
It removes the seeds from raw cotton
Drastically increased the productivity of cleaning cotton
One man could do the work of 80 in a day
Southerners gobble up more land to grow cotton
More cotton farms = more slaves to grow the cotton
The Steam Engine
1790 - He builds the first steam powered factory
What are the advantages to using steam over water?
Piston Rod - Steam pressure
pushes the rod and as it
releases the rod lowers
Flywheel - The other end of the beam lowers, moving the gears to power the wheel
Cylinder - Steam from boiling
water rises into this
The Transcontinental RR
Made travel across the US faster, cheaper, and more efficient
Two separate lines were built and joined with a golden spike at Promontory Point
Man made waterways that
connect two other bodies of water
The Erie Canal was created as a shortcut
between the Atlantic Ocean and the
DeWitt Clinton - "Clinton's Ditch"
Within 2 years the canal pays for itself
New York City experiences boom
The Panama Canal - 1904-1914
Shortcut from the
Atlantic to the Pacific
Invents device which communicates by sending electrical pulses in a series of dots and dashes
Allows info to be
over thousands of miles
Will lead to later communication developments
Creates US Steel
John D. Rockefeller
Buys all railroads and
oil industry in the US
These two ran their competition out of business
Allowed factories to be lit at night and work to continue in the dark
Motion Picture Camera
Eli also invents Interchangeable Parts which lead to many other key inventions
Still widely used by
USPS in the 1930's
First Transcontinental Telegraph Line - 1860
Beautiful System of Market Freedom
Has some flaws...
Factory workers have 15 hour workdays
Workplace safety an issue
Child Labor - kids cost less, easily replaced
Factories begin replacing skilled workers such as carpenters and shoemakers
1830's - Workers began to form "trade unions" to negotiate for better conditions
Sometimes workers use a "strike" to get their point across
Unions "negotiate" for...
Standard work week
dropped the cost of shipping 60-70%
first US railway = Baltimore and Ohio (B&O)
first US passenger railcar
"What hath God wraught?"
"Watson, come here. I need you."
Edison had a world record 1,093 patents for inventions!
The Lowell Mills
And was a real JERK!
Called the "Wizard of Menlo Park"
Accused of stealing others ideas
Killed animals to stick it to Tesla