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Industrial Revolution

Events and important people of the Industrial Revolution
by

Kale Blickenstaff

on 10 November 2015

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution
When people stopped making things at home and started making things in factories
Cottage Industry
Factory System
The Cotton Gin
It removes the seeds from raw cotton
Drastically increased the productivity of cleaning cotton
One man could do the work of 80 in a day
Southerners gobble up more land to grow cotton
More cotton farms = more slaves to grow the cotton
The Steam Engine
Richard Arkwright
1790 - He builds the first steam powered factory
What are the advantages to using steam over water?
Piston Rod - Steam pressure
pushes the rod and as it
releases the rod lowers
Flywheel - The other end of the beam lowers, moving the gears to power the wheel
Cylinder - Steam from boiling
water rises into this
Railroads
The Transcontinental RR
Made travel across the US faster, cheaper, and more efficient
Two separate lines were built and joined with a golden spike at Promontory Point
Canals
Man made waterways that
connect two other bodies of water
The Erie Canal was created as a shortcut
between the Atlantic Ocean and the
Great lakes
DeWitt Clinton - "Clinton's Ditch"
Within 2 years the canal pays for itself
New York City experiences boom
The Panama Canal - 1904-1914
Shortcut from the
Atlantic to the Pacific
Telegraph
Samuel Morse
Invents device which communicates by sending electrical pulses in a series of dots and dashes
Allows info to be
transmitted instantly
over thousands of miles
Will lead to later communication developments
Andrew Carnegie
Creates US Steel
John D. Rockefeller
Buys all railroads and
oil industry in the US

These two ran their competition out of business
Monopoly
Thomas Edison
Allowed factories to be lit at night and work to continue in the dark
The Phonograph
Motion Picture Camera
Eli also invents Interchangeable Parts which lead to many other key inventions
Still widely used by
USPS in the 1930's
First Transcontinental Telegraph Line - 1860
Capitalism
Beautiful System of Market Freedom
Has some flaws...
Factory workers have 15 hour workdays
Low wages
Workplace safety an issue
Child Labor - kids cost less, easily replaced

Factories begin replacing skilled workers such as carpenters and shoemakers
1830's - Workers began to form "trade unions" to negotiate for better conditions
Sometimes workers use a "strike" to get their point across

Unions "negotiate" for...
Better pay
Safer Conditions
Standard work week
Days off
Other benefits

1798
1793
George Stephenson
dropped the cost of shipping 60-70%
first US railway = Baltimore and Ohio (B&O)
first US passenger railcar
Central Pacific
Union Pacific
"What hath God wraught?"
"Watson, come here. I need you."
Edison had a world record 1,093 patents for inventions!
The Lowell Mills
Lowell, MA
Lowell Girls
And was a real JERK!
Called the "Wizard of Menlo Park"
Accused of stealing others ideas
Killed animals to stick it to Tesla
Full transcript