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Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
Transcript of Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
James V. Charlot
Slave Trade Timeline
Start of European slave trading in Africa.
First enslaved Africans in the Americas when the Europeans conquer Mexico.
Sir John Hawkins becomes England’s first slave trader when he embarks on a voyage to Sierra Leone and loads his ship with 500 Africans to be sold to estate owners in the West Indies. He burns African villages and towns in order to get slaves.
First ‘indentured servants’ (workers placed under a contract to work for a specific amount of time to pay off passage to a new country) brought from Africa to Jamestown, Virginia, America to grow tobacco.
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The Royal African Company succeeds the Royal Adventurers into Africa and operates a monopoly on the slave trade, transporting an average of 5 000 slaves each year between 1680 and 1686
Britain becomes the biggest slave trading country.
United States abolishes foreign slave Trade.
France abolishes slavery in French colonies.
The slave trade was brutal and horrific, and the enslavement of Africans was cruel, exploitative, and dehumanizing. Together, they represent one of the longest and most sustained assaults on the very life, integrity, and dignity of human beings in history.
Between 1492 and 1776, an estimated 6.5 million people migrated to and settled in the Western Hemisphere. More than five out of six were Africans. Although victimized and exploited, they created a new, largely African, Creole society and their forced migration resulted in the emergence of the so-called Black Atlantic.
The overwhelming impact on Africa of its involvement in the creation of this modern world was negative. The continent experienced the loss of a significant part of its able-bodied population, which played a part in the social and political weakening of its societies that left them open, in the nineteenth century, to colonial domination and exploitation.
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