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Legislative Branch Project
Transcript of Legislative Branch Project
11.http://www.senate.gov/CRSReports/crs-publish.cfm?pid='0E%2C*PLW%3D%22P%20%20%0A Sommer Fields Legislative Branch Project House of Representatives Citation Page Qualifications Senate How a Bill Becomes a Law 25 yrs. old
U.S. citizen for 7 yrs.
Legal resident of state represented Number of Members 435 members Census Role in Determining Number of Representatives The census determines the number of citizens in the state. The House of Representatives is based on the number of citizens in that state. Members that Represent WV
Our District 3 members represent our state
Shelley Moore Capito represents our district 2 1 1 Leadership Positions 2 Speaker of the House Rep. John Boehner Leader of the House
Role leader of the majority party
Second in line to succeed after the Vice President Majority Leader Rep. Eric Cantor Represents Republicans on the House floor Majority Whip Rep. Kevin McCarthy Assists leadership in managing party's legislative program Rep. Nancy Pelosi Represents Democrats on the House floor Minority Leader Minority Whip Rep. Steny Hoyer Assists leadership in managing party's legislative program A law Currently Going Through Office 3 S.1947: Animal Fighting Spectator Prohibition Act of 2011 Term Limit 2 years 2 Qualifications 1 30 years old
Be a citizen for 9 years
Be a resident of the state you are going to represent Members in the Senate 1 100 Senators
2 represent W.V.
Our Senators are John D. Rockefeller and Joe Manchin Term Limit 1 6 years Why does a Senator have more power than a House of Representative? 1 The Senate does not get elected often. They have the chance to not follow their voters' wishes as strictly as the House of Representatives. which have to since they have a two year term limit. Senate Leaderships 4 Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. President Pro Tempore Daniel K. Inouye Takes the Vice Presidents place if the Vice President is away on business Majority Leader Harry Reid Someone who speaks for where their party stands on different issues Majority Whip Richard J. Durbin Assistant Floor Leader
Helps keep them on task Minority Leader Mitch McConnell Someone who speaks for where their party stands on different issues Minority Whip Jon Kyl Assistant Floor Leader
Helps keep them on task Schedules daily legislative program
Fashions the unanimous consent agreements To break a tie if there is one A Bill Currently Going Through the Senate 3 H.R. 6220:Former Presidents Protection Act of 2012 What is a Filibuster? Why is it important to the Senate? 1 A filibuster is when someone stands and keeps talking to delay the process of the bill being passed. It is important to the Senate because then they can talk so much that the bill may be delayed or die. What is the difference between a bill being introduced in the House and the Senate? Senate No limit on the amount of sponsorship for a bill to be considered in the Legislature House The number of sponsors for a bill cannot exceed seven to be considered by Legislature Where does a bill go after it is introduced? After a bill is introduced it goes to a committee that is referred to by the House Speaker or the Senate President. What is the role of committees? The role of committees is to study and recommend a bill. Committees Standing Committees Standing Committees are Senators or Delegates of small groups that are assigned specific bills according to specific subjects. Conference Committees Conference committees are committees that are put together when the second and first chamber do not reach an agreement on the changes made to a bill. The conference committee works out the differences in the bill. Once a bill is out of the committees it goes where? Once a bill is out of the committees it goes to the house floor. After the bill is done with the Senate and the House where does it go? The bill goes to the President. How is a debate different in the House of Representatives from the Senate? notes A debate in the House of Representatives is where the bill is discussed and then it is read by section and changes are made. After that it is voted on. Then it goes to the Senate where they have a similar process but they can filibuster. 6 Options the President has with the bill 6 1. Pass the Law
2. Veto the Law
3. Pocket Veto Powers of Congress What are expressed powers? "Powers that are specifically listed in the constitution." What are implied powers? Implied powers are "powers deducted from the clearly stated powers." What is the elastic clause and how does it play a role in Congress' powers? 7 Examples:
Clause 1 "To establish and collect taxes, duties, and exercises."
Clause 2 "To borrow money."
Clause 3 "To regulate foreign and interstate commerce." Examples:
1."To raise armies and navy implies the power to draft Americans into the military."
2."To establish naturalization law implies the power to regulate and limit immigration."
3. "to borrow money implies the power to establish the Federal Reserve System of banks." "A statement in the U.S. constitution (Article I, Section 8) granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers." The role it plays in Congress' powers is that it gives Congress the power to make any laws that will carry out the expressed powers. Civil Rights Act-1964 What is the Law? 9 The law "prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin." Who sponsored the law? Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield sponsored the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Things that happened related to the law Somethings that happened related to the law was: Do I agree with the law? Yes, I do agree with the law. I believe in equality between all. I do not think it is right to discriminate no matter what color, age, gender or race. Why did they think the law was necessary? They thought the law was necessary to end segregation between African Americans and the White race. They also thought it was wrong to discriminate. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas court case
A demonstration in Montgomery, Alabama where African Americans were protesting against transportation rules
Freedom Rides What Impact has the law had on you or the United States? This law has led to equality. It has let African Americans be equal to Whites and not segregated. It has also led to less discrimination against women. 1 1 5 5 5 5 6 6/11 1 1 How does the Legislative Branch (Congress) check and balance the Judicial and Executive branches of the Federal Government? The Legislative branch checks and balances the Judicial and Executive branches of the Federal Government by having power over them. For example Congress can impeach judges from office. This is a check over the Judicial branch. Another example of a check would be Congress can impeach the President and it also controls the Executive branch's budget. This helps keep the power balanced not allowing one to have more power than another. 8 9 10 10 6 The Process of a Bill Becoming a Law Republican vs Democrat Distribution 51 Democrats
47 Republicans 2