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Main Idea

Students will learn how to identify the main idea in a passage.
by

Brandi Williams

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Main Idea

The main idea is the writer's most important point, opinion or message. Main Idea Being able to determine the main idea within a text is crucial in order to be considered a good reader. By identifying the main idea, readers are able to determine the most important points a text is trying to make. WHY? The simplest way to get to the heart of a passage or the main idea is to identify the 2W's: The WHO and the WHAT. The 2W's of Main Idea The WHO is the subject of the passage. Ask yourself this question: Who is the passage about? The WHAT is the action of the passage. Ask yourself this question about WHO to determine the MAIN IDEA: What does the WHO do? WHAT and WHO should give you a clear statement of the main idea. If you have figured out the MAIN IDEA, you should be able to tell another person what the
author is saying in their passage! Review Topic Sentences vs. Supporting Details Types of Sentences TOPIC SENTENCES are often placed at the beginning of a paragraph and directly state or suggests the topic of the text. SUPPORTING DETAILS are statements that support a topic sentence. They explain, describe, define, or give information about the main idea. School bullies have been around as long as there have been schools. Studies reveal several reasons why some children become bullies. Research shows that certain combinations of size and personality may be one factor. Bigger, more aggressive children are more likely to dominate their smaller, quieter peers. Another factor linked to bullying is overexposure to violent television programs. By the time the average American child is ten years old, he or she has watched thousands of acts of violence, including assault and murder. Such exposure can lead to aggression and violence. Finally, exposure to real violence is a factor in bullying. Studies indicate that victims of bullies often turn into bullies themselves. Whether abused by family members or tormented by other kids, bullies typically learn their behavior from others. Look closely into the eyes of a bully, and you may be looking into the eyes of a former victim. PRACTICE! TOPIC SENTENCE Reasons why children become bullies. SUPPORTING DETAILS
A certain combination of size and personality may be a factor.
Another factor is exposure to violent television programs.
Exposure to real violence is a factor in bullying.
Bullies typically learn their behavior from others. Highlight TOPIC SENTENCES using a pink highlighter Highlight SUPPORTING DETAILS using a green highlighter The main idea may be stated directly, or it may be only suggested or implied. If the main idea is not stated directly, it's up to the reader to look at the details and decide on the idea that they all seem to support.
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