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Transcript of TOK IA
What do we accept based on ethics?
Ethics define what we accept and reject. What we accept with ethics tends to be more personal and deals with the view of society among us. For example based on ethics we can accept things like
Other people's views
Decisions of others
What do we reject based on ethics?
Ethics play a major role in all of the decisions that we make, whether are good or bad. Ethics also influences the ways that society view individuals. What we reject are based on the main criteria:
Based on what
The way you see yourself
The judgements of society
Effects of bad decisions
Religion plays a role in every life decision. It explains the difference between what is right and wrong as well as gives reasons why. Religion can give use guidelines to what we accept. For example
Christian may accept abortion for these reason.
How religion influences what we reject
With the guidelines given by religion there are ideas that are rejected because of faith. In the eyes of a devout Christian abortion is viewed as an unthinkable thing to do.
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How religion influences what we accept
What are Ethics?
Ethics : A set of moral principles; area of study dealing with ideas about what good and bad behavior is.
Ways to use Ethics
To help make difficult decisions
To help determine religious beliefs
How you choose to teach your children
Making Difficult Decisions
Real life life situation
Foundations of Ethics
Rationality: moral acts must be supported by reasons that are generally accepted
Least Harm: When choosing between evils, choose the lesser one
Consistency: moral actions if they are valid are binding to people at all times with the same circumstances.
Impartiality: Set aside personal interest and treat people similarly to each other, unless there is a good reason to do so.
Openness: We must be open to changing our views when examining the differences between other individuals or cultures.
Reasons for Accepting Abortion
A young woman is living with her abusive boyfriend when she discovers that she is pregnant. Not wanting to be tied down in the relationship or judged by others she decides to get a discreet abortion.
A freshman in college has an abortion since she knows she will not be able to support her child. Also she does not have insurance to cover the pregnancy. She not ready an does not have the support of her mother.
-Brittney, 19, Florida
Think to yourself...
What would you do?
Reasons for Rejecting abortion
Their religious beliefs prevent her from getting an abortion, and keeps her from being shunned by the community.
A woman is worried about the effects that an abortion could have on her body after the procedure. She decides to keep her child.
Why We Need Ethics
Ethics are often used by various leaders and organizations to control society - sometimes benevolently, but usually bringing about self-sacrifice and human suffering. There are more fundamental and legitimate reasons for ethics: To provide purpose and meaning to our lives by helping to define multiple goals in our lives - and then to help guide us to achieve them.
Behold, children are a heritage from the Lord, the fruit of the womb a reward.
Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? yes, they may forget, yet will I not forget you.
Voss, Petter. "True Morality - Rational Principles for Optimal Living." Optimal Living. 1997. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.
Joyce Arthur "Humanist in Canada," No. 90 (Vol. 22, #3) Autumn, 1989. Revised and expanded August 2001.
From The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church--2000, 161J. Copyright 2000 by The United Methodist Publishing House, http://www.umc.org/abouttheumc/policy/
"Bible verses on abortion." God Vine. Salem Web Network, 1 Oct. 2010. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.
"Bible verses about abortion." King James Bible Online. 10 Oct. 2010. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.
Merrian-Webster Organization, 2013. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ethic>.
"57 Verses Bible Verses About Abortion." Open Bible. Info. The Bible, ESV, 2001. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.
"Normative Ethical Principles and Theories: A Brief Overview." Stewards Faculty. edu. 15 July 2002. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.
12th and Delaware. HBO, 2010. Web. 10 Mar. 2014
" If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart [from her], and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges [determine]."
Religious based rejection
"Your hands shaped me and made me. Will you now turn and destroy me? Remember that you molded me like clay. Will you now turn me to dust again? (NIV, Job 10:2, 8-9)
"Ephraim's glory shall fly away like a bird—no birth, no pregnancy, no conception! Even if they bring up children, I will bereave them till none is left. Woe to them when I depart from them! Ephraim's sons, as I have seen, are destined for a prey; Ephraim must lead forth his sons to slaughter. Give them, O Lord—what wilt thou give? Give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts." (Hosea 9:11-14).
"O daughter of Babylon, you devastator! Happy shall he be who takes your little ones and dashes them against the rock!"
How can we determine the certainty of the information we receive and its effect on the way we classify religions?
To what extent do ethics influence the acceptation of abortion within religion?
We use ethics within our society in order to distinguish between what is right and wrong. Religion is used the same way, as it is based off of the same principles as ethics. Both religion and ethics can be rejected or accepted based on what we choose to believe as individuals.
By: Genna Hart and Elizabeth Kilbride