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Relative Clauses

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Daniela Ramirez

on 27 April 2011

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Transcript of Relative Clauses

Relative Clauses Definition Is a clause that gives additional information about a noun, a clause or a sentence. They begin with... Relative Pronouns Noun relative pro. People who (whom, that) Things (animals) that (which) Time when Place where (which + preposition) Possession whose There are two types Defining 1) Without commas, they provide essential information
The house that I lived in wasn´t good at all
A doctor is someone who works at the hospital

2) A preposition is usually placed at the end of a relative cause
This is the letter in which he said he was looking forward to coming to home.
The house which / that belongs to Julie is in London.

3) The relative pronoun can be left out if it's the object of the verb in the
relative clause
The girl that the boy loved was very beautiful. (-that- is the relative pronoun)
The girl the boy loved was very beautiful.

4) Participle clauses and infinitives can sometimes replace relative clauses
Penny was one of the people who were not adviced about the traffic in LA during the conference.
Penny was one of the people not adviced about the traffic in LA during the conference.

Laurie was the last member of the Wave who understood the meaining of it.
Laurie was the last to understand the meaning of the Wave. non-defining 1)They are more common in written english than in
spoken english.
2)Provide extra, non-essential information to the sentence BETWEEN COMMAS (the sentence would make sense without the clause)
The Taj Mahal, which is located in India, is one of the 7 wonders of the modern world.
Billy, the little grasshopper, was very sad because he lost a leg :(.
3)They are use after numbers and words such as: some, many, most, neither
I saw a lot of new people at the party, some of whom seemed familiar.
He was always coming up with new ideas, most of which were absolutely impracticable.
4)"That" is not use, and object pronouns cannot be ommited
She gave me a notebook, that was green. (incorrect)
She gave me a notebook, which was green. (correct) Exercises defining Non-defining relative pronoun 1. A babysitter is a girl ________ who takes care of small children. 2. My new television ____ which I bought last month
____ which I bought last month.

3. Her purse ____ which was full of money ___ has been

4. The goods ____ which you have ordered ____ is not
available. Complete the sentence with
which-whose-who-whose-which-where-where-who 1.Tom,______sister is a teacher, is in my class.
2.The White House,______the US president lives, is
in Washington.
3.My brother,_______works in Warsaw, earns a lot
of money.
4.Venice,_______is in Italy, is a very old city.
5.The Ritz Hotel,______we stayed last year, is very expensive.
If it is necessary complete the
sentencewith a comma, if not,
use a dash -.
Combine the sentences using relative clauses. Note that all relative clauses are non-defining.

Samuel Johnson was the son of a bookseller. Samuel Johnson was born in 1709.
Samuel Johnson
In 1728, he went to Oxford. He studied at Pembroke College in Oxford.
In 1728, he went
Johnson had to leave Oxford without a degree. He was too poor to pay the fees.
In 1737, Johnson moved to London. There he wrote poetry, essays and biographies.
In 1737, Johnson
In 1746, Johnson started to write his dictionary. It took him nine years to complete.
In 1746, Johnson started
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