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Transcript of Nutritional Requirements
Stages of Life
A balanced diet before and during pregnancy is essential to allow for the development of the baby.
Protein for the growth of new tissue.
Calcium for the baby's bones and teeth.
Iron and Vitamins C and B for increased blood supply.
Folate to reduce the risk of the child having NEURAL TUBE DEFECT.
Infancy (0-12 months)
In this period, babies grow and
develop rapidly. Breast milk (or baby formula) contains all the nutrients required by the baby in the first 4-6 months, as it is high in calcium and protein.
After this period, milk is still important but the baby must also be given more iron and energy rich foods as they become more active.
During this period, children grow steadily and they become more active. Therefore, children require;
Energy rich foods.
Protein for growth.
Calcium for the strong bones and teeth.
Water to prevent dehydration.
It is important to minimise the amount of fat and sugar consumed by children as this can lead to tooth decay and childhood obesity.
Teenagers are more active and more self- conscious. It is important that they have;
Energy- rich foods.
Protein for growth.
Calcium for strong bones.
More iron, particularly girls.
As the body has stopped growing, the requirements for some nutrients decrease in adults.
Since adults tend to be less active due to work and family commitments, there is a reduction in energy rich foods.
A well balanced diet is very important as the development of food related diseases become common at this stage.
Older Age (55 years plus)
People in their older years tend to move much slower and become less active.
It is recommended that older people continue to be active and choose foods that are;
Rich in Nutrients.
High in Fibre.
High in Calcium.