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rocking horse winner
Transcript of rocking horse winner
Cathy Nadia Xantia David Monica Natasha David Herbert Richards Lawrence was an English novelist, poet, playwright, essayist, literary critic and painter who published as D. H. Lawrence. D.H. Lawrence Lawrence's best-known short stories include The Captain's Doll, The Fox, The Ladybird, Odour of Chrysanthemums, The Princess, The Rocking-Horse Winner Paul: A young boy who lives with his parents, and two sisters in a fairly affluent neighborhood. He notices the anxiety within the household which is the lack of money and believes that he is lucky. He often furiously rides his Rocking-horse to predict the winner for the coming up horse race.
Hester: A woman who “Started with all the advantages, yet no luck." She is also Paul’s mother. She was haunted by the sense of not having enough income, and being incapable to love her adorable children. Character Basset: A gardener who bets horse racing with Paul, and became “betting partners” with Paul later in the story.
Oscar Creswell: Brother of Hester, also Paul’s uncle. He is the one who provided money to Paul for his first win at the horse race. He also becomes partners with Paul and Basset later on in the story. Plot Summery “The Rocking-Horse Winner” begins with a description of a woman named Hester. She has three children and "lived in style". But the income could not keep up with the family’s social position. As a result, an anxiety about money persists around and there appeared an unspoken phrase: “There must be more money!" Hester’s son Paul wishes to prove to his mother that he is lucky, and begins to ride his wooden rocking-horse at a furious pace. He believes that the horse can take him to the place "where there is luck." Paul tells his Uncle Oscar Cresswell about the bets he had on horse races using his pocket money with Bassett, the gardener. Surprisingly, he has won and saved three hundred twenty pounds. He told Oscar that he “only know the winner” and sometimes is “sure” of the winner for an upcoming race which in facts, the names he mentioned do actually win. Soon, profits are made through Paul’s prediction and he anonymously gave a gift of five thousand pounds to his mother on her birthday. Contrarily, his gift did not ease the budget of the family, but increased the materialistic desires. Trying to keep up, Paul worked harder than ever to be lucky. However, his luck faded, and his predictions start to become inaccurate. As Derby is approaching by, Paul becomes extremely furious and begins to ride his wooden rocking-horse at a frightening speed. After arriving home from a party, Paul’s mother discovered his illness which he spends hours riding his wooden-rocking horse trying to get to the place of “Luck.” After Paul screamed “It’s Malabar!” he crashed to the ground and remains ill with some brain fever. Paul remains ill until the day of Derby. Meanwhile, Oscar and Bassett placed their bets according to Paul’s prediction. In result, a total of 80,000 pounds was gained. In the conclusion, Paul regains his consciousness and he tries to prove to his mother that he is lucky. Later in the night of that day, he died. The short story, the Rocking-Horse Winner, is written in third person omniscient point of view. Point Of View Symbols The main symbol is the rocking horse, which represents Paul’s love for the race horses and the horses racing house. The dark and gloomy house is a symbol for the depressing mood and it shows that the characters are unhappy. Alike to the dark house, the house talking is a main symbol in this story. The house saying, “more money,” shows that the characters are being haunted because they do not have that much money Money is a very important symbol in the story. A constant quote in The Rocking Horse Winner is “There must be more money!” The money symbolizes the mother’s love, or lack of it, towards her children, and how there is never enough of it. The final major symbol in The Rocking Horse Winner is luck. Mainly Paul constantly discusses luck in the story. He thinks he has all this luck because he is constantly winning when he is betting on the horse races. He did all this betting because he was trying to win his mother’s love by winning her money. Horse Winner, luck is a key symbol because Paul’s mother, Hester considers her family unlucky. She doesn’t show affection for her children because she thinks they’re unlucky, so Paul thinks if I can be lucky my mom will love me. Contrast and dramatic Irony are the two important literary devices included in the story. When introducing Paul, the writer first wrote, "...the two girls were playing dolls." Then, the writer wrote, "...charging madly into space." Paul's hunger for luck and the goodness and innocence of the girls make an interesting contrast for the introduction.
Dramatic irony is also shown in the story. At first, Paul only wanted luck to please his mother, but his lust for luck ended being his misfortune. Literary Devices Themes/Messages The Rocking Horse Winner themes are materialism, greed and blind faith in luck. Paul's mother has a strong obsession of wealth and material items. For keeping the social status and satisfying her false pride, she keeps buying unnecessary items which leads the family in debt. The story alarms us to be aware of the blind worship of extravagance and appreciate what we own. The other theme is the greed. In the story, Paul's mother receives 5,000 pounds, however, instead of paying debts, she keeps buying on material things, causing a even stronger need for money. Paul's mother who is distorted by the greed and makes her son believe that only if one is lucky, one can have money. In order to get attention from his mother and prove his luck, the ignorant boy eventually went mad and lost his life. The story tells us even though money is essential, we should not let the greed for money take over our lives and live our life based on a