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Politics by Matt Martin, Chris Gesel, Brandon Nadhir, Thomas

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nicholas lograsso

on 29 May 2014

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Transcript of Politics by Matt Martin, Chris Gesel, Brandon Nadhir, Thomas

by Matt Martin, Chris Gesell, Brandon Nadhir, Thomas Geiser, Geof Boulger and Nicholas Lograsso

The root word of politics is Greek for citizen
The process by which groups make decisions and play a part in human interactions.
Politics can extend to social sciences, religion, business, news, television, and other forms of media.
They deal with examining the rights of citizens and their connection between political action and social change. (patriotism and colonialism)
On the Rainy River
by Tim O'Brien
On the Duty of Civil Disobedience

by Henry David Thoreau
by Jamaica Kincaid
Rhetoric and Style
Repetitive language
: repeats, "made in England." - stresses her anger and resentment toward England.
: Throughout the essay Kincaid keeps a passive tone beneath which we can easily sense her underlying disgust and resentment of the England. In the Second to last paragraph, there is a
in tone and the author's anger and resentment spew forward.

Rhetoric and Style
Thoreau's response to his arrest and incarceration for refusing to pay a poll tax.
Addresses American social institutions and policies including slavery and the Mexican War, calling the U.S. government unjust.
He dissociates himself from the U.S. government and advocates protest with internal reform.
It had long lasting effects by influencing figures like Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.
Individual and the State
Should be mostly separate
Believes mainly in the idea of autonomy
Government is corrupt by it's very nature
"Law never made men a whit more just."
"The mass of men serve the State. . . as machines."
Henry David Thoreau
Thoreau was a philosopher, poet, and a naturalist.
Educated at Harvard.
Friends with Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Best known for Walden, which records his life in a cabin for two years.
Jamaica Kincaid
Individual and the State
Her anger for the state stems from the rule of England over Antigua.
State oppresses the individual:
Food, cars, clothing, etc. are "Made in England".
"But this breakfast business was Made in England like almost everything else that surrounded us, the exceptions being the sea, the sky, and the air we breathed."
The actions of the state greatly affect the individual and their way of life.
Tim O'Brien
Rhetoric and Style
The tone of the passage at first comes across as panicked, Tim is scared of death and he cant face the war.
The shift comes when he talks about his time at the Tip Top Lodge when he is no longer panicked, just ashamed of his actions.
His vivid descriptions within the short passage bring reality to the scene, it isn't like reading a short story, it is like driving through the small town with him or standing beside him at the factory.
O'Brien attempts to get the reader to think in his shoes by making the story about a young man afraid to leave home
It is a crisis story, and Tim is struggling with his morals: "moral confusion"
Towards the end of the story he asks the reader what they would have done, run or fight. This device of rhetorical questioning finishes the experience and fully allows the reader to feel the fear and shame the O'Brien has felt the entire time.
Individual and the State
"But it seemed to me that when a nation goes to war it must have reasonable confidence in the justice and imperative of its cause."
The drafted soldier, to be inspired and ready to fight, first needs to understand the war.
People did not understand the conflict in Vietnam and the government did a poor job of explaining.
The state was forcing the individual into a war wrapped in mystery and expecting them to kill for an unknown cause.
The State was intentionally keeping info to themselves and the people were upset because they had a right to know.
"It was a war to stop the Communists, plain and simple, which was how they liked things, and you were a traitor if you had second thoughts about killing or dying for plain and simple reasons"
The State wanted the people to be ignorant, and wanted them to fight without questioning the deeper reasons behind it.
Tim O'Brien is a famous novelist who is best known for his works on wartime Vietnam
He was born in Austin, Minnesota
He attended Harvard after leaving the army and worked for the Washington Post as an intern
His most famous work is "The Things They Carried", a collection of short stories based on O'Brien's experiences
On Seeing England for the First Time
Born in Antigua, moved to the U.S. as a teenager.
Attended the New School for Social Research.
First job as a writer came from the
New Yorker
in 1975.
Most famous works were "Girl" from
At the Bottom of the River
and her novel
Annie John
Tim O'Brien's account of his experiences after he realized he was being drafted.
It is a story of a personal moral crisis
He didn't agree with the war and was afraid that he would die in Vietnam so he ran away up north but never crossed into Canada.
His sense of shame and guilt for his cowardice brought him back after he stayed for 6 days up near the border at a small lodge with an old man named Elroy Berdahl.
The thing that really convinced him to come back though was the fishing trip he took with Elroy up the Rainy River where Elroy brought him into Canadian waters and forced him to face reality.
5 New Ways Media Are Changing Politics
His tone is critical yet optimistic and is used to encourage the audience and leave them feeling confident and motivated.
Repetition of the word divides, "It not only divided States and churches, it divides families, it divides the individual..."-gives audience important reasons to act.
Colloquial diction
Use of similes like, "Timid as a lone woman with her silver spoons." -makes it looks like the audience is being bullied and needs to stand up for what is right.
Kincaid heavily describes her experience of seeing England for the first time.
At first it seems like paradise, but she eventually realizes it's not as built up as it is meant to be.
Perspectives begin to shift after her epiphany. (ex: people change from well-mannered to rude)
Ideas vs. Reality "The space between the idea of something and its reality is always wide and deep and dark."
People are selective viewers, and choose what they want to view when they want to view it, which affects how reporters frame messages.
Twitter and Facebook have allowed politicans to get messages to large amounts of people instantly.
Social Media can also frame how political figures are perceived.
The "thumbs up" and "thumbs down" buttons can give a quick and easy read, but are less accurate.
Works Cited
Cary, Mary K. "5 Ways New Media Are Changing Politics." US News. U.S.News & World Report, 4 Feb. 2010. Web. 26 May 2014.
Full transcript