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Transcendentalism to Conservationism:

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by

Sam Smith

on 14 April 2010

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Transcript of Transcendentalism to Conservationism:

Transcendentalism to Environmentalism:
An Evolution of Romantic Ideals to Practical Application
By me, Sam Smith! Thesis
The ideals of Transcendentalism, while reacting to the industrialization of society, formed a foundation for the American conservation movement and remain relevant today, as they continue to serve as an inspiration and ideological basis for conservation in modern society. Industrialization Market Revolution
Factories
Railroads
Mass production of consumer goods
Henry David Thoreau Held very negative view of this new change in society Demands an entire life of labor Only a hollow reward Transcendentalist Strongly opposed materialism Strongly believed in beards Walden pond left society for two years in 1845 Pondered the meaning of life Revered nature as a diety Primal, simple, unchanging A model for the soul Exists to be its own purpose Frederick Law Olmsted Father of American Landscape Architecture Designed Central Park Preliminary Report on Yosemite Valley 1865 Mirrored many of Thoreau's Transcendentalist ideas Rejeted materialism
Advocated nature as beneficial for all people
Expanded Thoreau's ideas, proposed a park system
Proposed protecting the forest for future generations Gifford Pinchot First Chief of the United States Forest Service Took the conservation philosophy that had been created with and for the forests and applied in a more general sense to all natural resources Concerned over the waste of fossil fuels as early as 1910 Modern Day Thoreau's ideas are more relevant than ever Expansion of society, industry, materialism, environmental damage Thomas Friedman Environmentalist, author of "Hot, Flat, and Crowded" Massive global economy threatens to destroy nature completely Drastic global measures must be taken to protect the environment Today, materialism, and the resultant environmental damage caused in its pursuit, is more pervasive throughout the world than ever before. Thus, Transcendentalist philosophy, and the conservation movement it inspired, are just as relevant now, if not more so, than they were at their inception.
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