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Roman And Greek Mythology

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Irfan Rahamattoulla

on 29 August 2013

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Transcript of Roman And Greek Mythology

Olympian Gods

Aphrodite
- Goddess of love, romance, and beauty.

Apollo
- Beautiful god of the sun, light, medicine, and music.

Ares
- Dark god of war.

Artemis
- Independent goddess of the hunt, the forest, wildlife, and the moon. Sister to Apollo.

Athena
- Daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom, war, and crafts.

Demeter
- Goddess of agriculture and mother of Persephone

Hephaestus
-Lame god of fire and the forge.

Hera
- Wife of Zeus, protector of marriage, familiar with magic.

Hermes
- The speedy messenger of the gods.

Hestia
- Calm goddess of home and symbolized by the hearth which holds the continually burning flame.

Poseidon
- God of the sea, horses, and of earthquakes.

Zeus
- Supreme lord of gods, god of the sky, symbolized by the thunderbolt.

Hades
Titans
Gaea
Uranus
Cronus
Rhea
Oceanus
Tethys
Hyperion
Mnemosyne
Themis

Iapetus
Coeus
Crius
Phoebe
Thea
Prometheus
Epimetheus
Atlas
Metis
Dione
Who, or what,are Titans?
These are most of them:
Who are Titans ?
What role did they play in the history of Greece?
The Titans, also known as the elder gods, ruled the earth before the Olympians overthrew them. The ruler of the Titans was Cronus who was de-throned by his son Zeus. Most of the Titans fought with Cronus against Zeus and were punished by being banished to Tartarus. During their rule the Titans were associated with the various planets.

What role do they play in Greek mythology?
The Titans, who are also known as the elder gods, ruled the earth before the Olympians overthrew them. The ruler of the Titans was Cronus whose throne was ended by his son Zeus. Most of the Titans fought with Cronus against Zeus and were punished by being banished to Tartarus. During their rule the Titans were associated with the various planets, like their names.
Who are Olympians?
What role do they play in Greek mythology?
Who, or what,are Titans?
Who are Titans ?
What role did they play in the history of Greece?
The Titans, also known as the elder gods, ruled the earth before the Olympians overthrew them. The ruler of the Titans was Cronus who was de-throned by his son Zeus. Most of the Titans fought with Cronus against Zeus and were punished by being banished to Tartarus. During their rule the Titans were associated with the various planets.

What role do they play in Greek mythology?
The Titans, which are also known as the elder gods, ruled the earth before the Olympians overthrew them. The ruler of the Titans was Cronus who's throne was ended by his son Zeus. Most of the Titans fought with Cronus against Zeus and were punished by being banished to Tartarus. During their rule the Titan's were associated with the various planets, as were their names.
Who are Olympians?
What role do they play in Greek mythology?
The Olympians are a group of 12 gods who ruled after the Titans were overthrown. All the Olympians are related in some way. They are named after their dwelling place Mount Olympus.
Zeus
Zeus was the god of the sky and ruler of the Olympian gods. Zeus overthew his father, Cronus. He then drew lots with his brothers Poseidon and Hades. Zeus won the draw and became the supreme ruler of the gods. He is lord of the sky, the rain god. His weapon is a thunderbolt which he hurls at those who displease him. He is married to Hera but, is famous for his many actions. He is also known to punish those that lie or break oaths. He represented as the god of justice and mercy, the protector of the weak, and the punisher of the wicked.


Greek Gods
Poseidon
Poseidon is the god of the sea, and the protector of all waters. Poseidon is the brother of Zeus. After the overthow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Hades, another brother, for shares of the world. His prize was to become lord of the sea. His weapon is a trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter any object. He is second only to Zeus in power amongst the gods. He has an argumentative personality. He was greedy.
Hades is the brother of Zeus. After the overthrow of their father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Poseidon, another brother, for shares of the world. He had the worst draw and was made lord of the underworld, ruling over the dead. He is a greedy god.

He is also the god of wealth, and this is because of the precious metals mined from the earth. He has a helmet that makes him invisible. He rarely leaves the underworld. He is unpitying and terrible, but not . His wife is Persephone whom Hades abducted. He is the King of the dead but, death itself is another god.
-3 main gods-
-3 main gods-
-3 main gods-
How did Greece please and honor theier gods ?
Each God and Goddess had a festival day dedicated to them, as well as temples and other rituals made in their honor.
Godly Weapons
Zeus has a thunderbolt.
Poseidon has a trident.
Hades has a helmet that makes him invisible.
How was mankind created in Greek mythology?
First Zeus made people out of gold but they were too proud and wouldn't worship the gods so he killed them all and covered what was left in layers of rock. Then he made silver people but they were so beautiful they just sat around thinking beautiful thoughts. If they ever saw their reflections they rarely moved again. They died from neglecting themselves. He covered them in more rock and made the people of bronze. These were an aggressive race and once they discovered weapons and war they fought until their race was wiped out. Then Zeus saw he had no materials left with which to make people, so he called the titan Prometheus to come and make people out of of clay and lesser metals. After the war of the gods, the titans were bound to carry out the gods' commands so Prometheus had no choice. Before the war Prometheus was a skilled craftsman and it showed in his work. He used clay to mould the delicate bodies and grass to cover their cold heads. Then he brought his creations to life. They looked up at him with their little faces and he felt a sudden tenderness. When they asked him what, when, how, where? he taught them the sciences. And when they blinked their little eyes at him and asked why? he taught them the arts- music, poetry, painting and architecture. Then when they shivered their little bodies he climbed to the top of Olympus and stole the fire of the gods from the sun god's chariot and brought it down to them. When Zeus looked down to earth he was furious to see these creations playing with his fire and he punished Prometheus.
Greek and Roman Mythology
By Irfan
Roman Gods
Over to the Romans


Jupiter - King of the Gods
Juno - Queen of the Gods
Neptune - God of the Sea
Pluto - God of Death
Apollo - God of the Sun
Diana - Goddess of the Moon
Mars - God of War
Venus - Goddess of Love
Cupid - God of Love
Mercury - Messenger of the Gods
Minerva - Goddess of Wisdom
Ceres - The Earth Goddess
Proserpine - Goddess of the Underworld
Vulcan - The Smith God
Bacchus - God of Wine
Saturn - God of Time
Vesta - Goddess of the Home
Janus - God of Doors
Uranus and Gaia - Parents of Saturn
Maia - Goddess of Growth
Flora - Goddess of Flowers
Plutus - God of Wealth
Roman Gods
-3 main gods-
Jupiter
In ancient Roman mythology, Jupiter is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder.

Jupiter is usually thought to have started off as a sky god. His symbol is the thunderbolt, and his primary sacred animal is the eagle, and it became one of the most common symbols of the Roman army . The two emblems were often combined to represent the god in the form of an eagle holding in its claws a thunderbolt, often seen on Greek and Roman coins. His sacred tree was the oak.

The Romans regarded Jupiter as the equivalent of the Greek Zeus, and in Latin literature and Roman art, the myths of Zeus are adapted under the name Iuppiter. In the Greek-influenced tradition, Jupiter was the brother of Neptune and Pluto. Each presided over one of the three realms of the universe: sky, the waters, and the underworld.
Neptune
-3 main gods-
-3 main gods-
Pluto
Neptune was the Roman god of water and the sea in Roman mythology. He is the equivalent of the Greek god Poseidon.

Neptune was likely associated with fresh water springs before the sea. Like Poseidon, Neptune was worshipped by the Romans also as a god of horses, under the name Neptunus Equester, a patron of horse-racing.
Pluto was the ruler of the underworld in Roman mythology. Pluto was frequently mixed with Ploutos , a god of wealth, because mineral wealth was found underground.

Pluto and Hades differ in character, but they are not distinct people and share their two major myths.
Roman / Greek equivalents
The first name listed for each god below is the Greek name. 

The second name listed is the Roman name for a very similar god (although not always exactly the same).  

Zeus  /  Jupiter Aphrodite / Venus
Hera / Juno Hephaestus / Vulcan
Poseidon / Neptune Heracles / Hercules
Hades / Pluto Eros / Cupid
Ares / Mars Dionysus / Bacchus
Hermes / Mercury Orpheus / Orpheus
Apollo / Apollo Echo / Echo
Artemis / Diana  Pan / Faunus
Athena / Minerva  Pandora / Pandora
Hestia / Vesta Pegasus / Pegasus
Demeter  / Ceres Kerberos / Cerberus
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