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Transcript of Writing Plan
What aspect of the theme are we writing about?
Why are we writing? What’s the reason?
Is it formal or informal?
Who would read our text? Step 1. Identify the basic elements. First, let’s think identify the theme: The Olympic Games
But this theme is too general and too big. We need to determine what aspect of the theme we want to write about.
What information are we going to present?
What aspect of the theme are we writing about?
We can have several options, for example:
•Olympic Games: London 2012.
•The origin of the Olympic Games.
•Being part of the Olympic Games.
Let’s choose just one: The origin of the Olympic Games. Imagine that we have to write a text about the Olympic Games.
How do we begin? Example of an outline as a graphic organizer:
The Origin of Olympic Games
Athleticism •Use a graphic organizer. These are three of the most common:
Example of a list as a graphic organizer.
The Origin of the Olympic Games
-The Olympic Games -Olympia, Greece
-Five rings -Athleticism
-Medals -Competitors Step 2. Organize the information. Step 2. Organize the information Example of a mind map organizer: Step 2. Organize the information Step 3. Decide the best way to present the information. Persuasive Text The objective of this type of text is to convince someone about your point of view using a persuasive argument. For this purpose it is important to demonstrate the cause and effect, the use of adjectives, rhetorical questions and present tenses.
A good persuasive text presents the point of view supported by evidence (reasons and facts) in order to cause an impact in the reader, and convince him to take certain action. Persuasive texts can be found in magazines, newspapers, web pages, etc. Example of persuasive text:
Olympic Games in Schools
There is no doubt that exercising has lots of benefits for the human body, but many kids exercise less nowadays. They simply do not like sports class at school. This situation has one main reason: lack of motivation. Kids do not find any motivation in practicing regular sports. It is then necessary to implement a new sports program that promotes Olympic Games in schools. Having a motivating and dynamic sports plan would have two important benefits: first, kids would be healthier, and second, our country would develop olympic athletes of tomorrow. Informative Text The informative text, also known as expository text, has two main purposes:
1) to let the reader know something.
2) to recommend or suggest something to the reader.
Here are some key points of informative texts:
• This type of text is used to introduce facts, events, processes, etc., in other words, it presents real information in a clear and organized way and avoiding repetition. The general information is presented at the beginning of the text, and then it is followed by the details.
• A good informative text would allow the readers to understand the point easily and interestingly in order to catch their attention.
•It is necessary to consider the type of audience and adapt the vocabulary, formality and style according to who would be receiving the information.
•Informative texts can be found in books, flyers, brochures, newspapers, magazines, websites, etc. The information includes the most relevant points and a way to obtain additional information if necessary. Instructive Text Informative Text Example of informative text:
The Olympics in London 2012
The entire probably world knows that the next Olympic Games would be held in London this year. The games would be watched by approximately four billion people. This world sports competition would be held from July 27 to August 12 at different cities around the country. The Olympic flame has already begun its journey throughout several countries carried by representative sports figures. More than 10,000 athletes will participate in about 30 different disciplines and do their best to get the gold medal. The opening ceremony will start at 9 pm on the 27 with the reception of the head of State, the parade of athletes, the speech declaration of opening the games, the Olympic Anthem and Flag, the entrance of The Torch, and of course, the opening performance. London is ready to give a warm welcome to the world. Planning gives order to our ideas. That's the reason why it is advisable to plan our writing. There are three steps to successful writing: 1. Identify the basic elements.
2. Organize the information.
3. Present the information. Writing does not have to be difficult. By following these simple tips of organization in your writing, you can now create your own texts. Theme Purpose
Why do you want to write about the origin of the Olympic Games?
to convince people to do something?
to give tips or suggestions?
to narrate the event?
Most of the writings of this type are semi-formal and formal. The level of formality is determined by
the vocabulary and the use of simple or complex grammatical structures. Additionally, avoid the use of slang or vague expressions, and do not use contractions in formal writing.
Finally consider your audience. Avoid using terminology that is difficult to understand or that belongs to a very specific area or topic. Try to keep the writing clear and simple using language that can be understood by the standard reader. Example of descriptive text:
Getting ready for the Olympic Games: London 2012.
The conservative monarchical city if London is doing an extraordinary job to amaze the world at the Olympic Games. A joyful spirit of competition and expectation feels around the country as traditional touristic icons are now decorated with meaningful and notable symbols. Tower Bridge, for example, welcomes all visitors with five giant olympic rings that invite everyone to get in the mood for this unique celebration. FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net FreeDigitalPhotos.net The purpose of writing a descriptive text is to make the reader picture or “see” a person, place, event, situation, etc. in his mind, as you provide specific details through the use of adjectives and present and past tenses to make the text more vivid.
This type of text transmits feelings and sensations that the reader can experience as the writer describes it. Some examples of descriptive texts can be found in a book. Other examples of descriptive text are travel brochures in which there are many details about the different destinations, things to do, visit, eat, etc. Descriptive Text FreeDigitalPhotos.net Informative
Persuasive What type of text is the best? An instructive text basically gives instructions to follow steps and obtain a result. For example, when you buy a new mobile phone, you have to follow certain instructions for using it for the first time, charging the battery, registering a new contact, etc. However, you might prefer not to read instructions!
Writing an instructive text is relatively very simple, just consider two important aspects:
Sequence refers to how you organize each one of the steps for the instructions. For this purpose, it is necessary to use the frequency adverbs. These help us to guide the reader throughout the process. These are some examples of sequence adverbs: First, next, then, after that, before, finally.
Instruction refers to who is receiving the information and how it is communicated. This aspect is associated with the use of the imperative form as the main structure in the sentence. Instructive Text Volunteering at the Olympic Games
If your dream about meeting some of the most famous Olympic stars and having the best sight of the Olympic Games, you can make your dream a reality by becoming a volunteer. Volunteers’ activities usually involve welcoming visitors, transporting athletes, distributing meals, etc., so they are a very important part of the event. If you would like to apply and become a volunteer, follow this advice. First, make sure you meet the requirements: age, passport, visa, language, etc. Then, fill in your application and submit it with at least 2 years before the games. After that, be patient and wait for news. Once you are accepted as a volunteer, save some money for your expenses, make the arrangements for your trip, and finally, enjoy the experience. FreeDigitalPhotos.net