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The Spanish Colonies

By Shane Bell and Justin Koch
by

Shane Bell

on 21 September 2012

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Transcript of The Spanish Colonies

By Justin Koch and Shane Bell The Spanish Colonies Preceding Events The Search for India During the Crusades, Europe got a taste of Eastern goods such as spices, sugar and silk.
Knowledge of these goods spread, and demand rose.
As travel to India was long and arduous, Europeans spent centuries searching for a path to India that was cheaper, easier and quicker than on camel back across two continents. The Fabled Sea Route It was long believed that there was open water between the west coasts of Europe and Africa and the East Coasts of Asia.
At the time, no Europeans knew of North or South America's existence, so the notion of sailing across to Asia seemed plausible Christopher Columbus Products that Attracted Europe to the East Columbus was an Italian, but his voyage was sponsored by Spanish monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella
He is famous for one of the biggest mistakes ever.
He originally was sailing to reach India.
When he reached the Bahamas on his first voyage he thought he had made it to India.
He believed he had discovered a route to India for many years after his voyages
He brought back goods from the new world that they never had in Europe. Columbus's Discovery When the spanish got to the Americas they encountered the natives.
Peoples like the Aztecs, Mayans, and Inca.
Some people gave in peacefully while others decided to fight.
In the end the spanish took over most of the land in the South of North America all the way into South America.
They destroyed many artifacts from the conquered natives
They believed there gods to be inspired by the Devil First Impressions Spain gained a great amount of power from monopolies they had over trade with the New World and Asia.
Spain sent many explorers to the New World to bring back gold, silver, and spices. Conquistadors:
Explorers After Columbus 1475-1519 Vasco Nunez de Balboa The Natives First European to see the Pacific Ocean from its eastern shore.
Founded the city of Santa Maria de la Antigua del Darien (first European settlement in South America)
Claimed all the land that touched the Pacific for Spain Medicine
Cinnamon
Sugar
Dyed Curtains and clothing
Perfumes
Silk Hernan Cortes 1460-1521 Juan Ponce de Leon
Rescued a Spanish castaway on the island of Cozumel off the Yucatan Peninsula who had been enslaved for years by Mayan-speaking Indians
Later, he picked up the female Indian slave named Malinche who spoke Mayan and Nahuatl.
With those two advantages and superior firepower, he was a formidable force
He heard tales on his journey of the riches in Tenochtitlan
When he got to Tenochtitlan, he was believed to be the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl who, in Aztec legends, would return from the Eastern Sea
Cortes went along with this, and accepted all the wealth and gifts the Natives gave him, and told them he had a disease that could only be cured with gold
On the noche triste, or sad night of June 30th the Natives caught on to Cortes and attacked the Spaniards in their city
Eventually smallpox and the Spanish took down the Aztec Empire, leading to three centuries of Spanish Rule. Ponce de Leon was the first European to set foot in Florida
He founded the oldest settlement in Puerto Rico
He is famous for searching for the Fountain of Youth
He was on Columbus' second voyage to the New World
He stayed in Santo Domingo when Columbus left Some conquistadors slaughtered entire kingdoms of natives
In some colonies the Europeans and natives worked together and created new communities
The natives and Spaniards came up with agreements on the land ownership
Some Europeans started to marry and have kids with the natives
Some natives fought against the spanish until they were entirely wiped out Relationship Between Spanish and Natives Colonial Life
in the Spanish Colonies Racial Roles The spanish colonies stretched from mid-North America down to the bottom of South America
They controlled modern day states such as New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, California, Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming
They controlled the Louisiana territory for a time in the late 18th century
The Spanish controlled more of the New World then any of the other European powers for about 150 years Spanish Colonies In Spanish Colonial Society, the Spaniards were among the top social and Government classes
The Africans and enslaved Indians provided labor
Mezitos, or a mix between Spanish and Native American people, had limited rights Government The Conquistadors had conflicts with the royal Spanish authorities because they were given impossibly large territories to control
To control the territories, a system was implemented where if there was a problem, you reported it to the higher authority Many of the Spaniards that came to the Americas came to spread Christianity
When they arrived they found the natives worshiping many different gods, they believed this to be the devils work
missionaries came from Spain to convert the natives to Christianity
Many towns in the American Southwest are named after Christian saints.
Mixtures of Christianity and Native American heritage merged in these areas.
Christianity in the Colonies New Mexico This settlement, which would eventually be taken by the US, was founded in 1609
The capital was made Santa Fe in 1610
The Spanish settlers found little furs and gold, but found many Native Americans they wanted to convert to Christianity
Efforts to squander Native American Religious Customs led to an Indian Uprising called Pope's Rebellion
These rebels tore down every Catholic Church in the province and killed hundreds of Spaniards
The Native Americans rebuilt their own religious building on the ruins of a Spanish building in Santa Fe
It took almost 50 years for the Spanish to reclaim New Mexico The End
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