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Presiding Officers of the 113th Congress

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Alyssa Tino

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of Presiding Officers of the 113th Congress

House of Representatives
Speaker of the House
John Boehner
The SOH has many roles, including administrative head in the house. The SOH is behind the Vice President in succeeding the President.
Recognizes speaking House members
enforces House rules
decides order of House business
appoints select committees and refers bills
has authority to decide which bills can pass and or be killed.
Represents the 8th Congressional District of Ohio.
13 years in Congress
Raised in middle-class southwest Ohio, Boehner was elected to the state's General Assembly in 1984. He was elected to Congress in 1990 and was a member of the "Gang of Seven." He helped craft the Contract with America in 1994 and was elected the House GOP Committee Chairman that same year. He served on the Committees of Agriculture, Education and Workforce before he was elected House Majority Leader in 2006 and House Republican Leader in 2007. On January 5, 2011 he was elected as the SOH and received a second term on January 3, 2013.
The Presiding Officers of Congress
President of the Senate

Joe Biden.
Also Vice president of the U.S.
Senator of Delaware
33 years in Congress
Responsibilities/ Duties
The President of The Senate can only preside over the Senate floor meetings. They can vote only to break a tie in Senate voting and can only address the Senate with the permission of all the senators.
President pro Tempore
Patrick Leahy
At age 29, Joe Biden was the one of the youngest people to ever be elected to the Senate. He was a senator of Delaware for 36 years, Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee for 17 years and has been Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committees since 1997. As a senator, Biden has been the source of major reform in the areas of criminal justice and foreign policy. He worked on the 1994 Crime Bill and Violence against Women Act.
Senator of Vermont
38 years in Congress
Responsibilities/ Duties
The president pro tempore only serves in the absence of the President of the Senate/ VP. He holds this position until another president pro tempore is elected in his place. He is a member of his party's leadership caucus or policy committee where he works closely with the leader of the party's majority. He has authority to appoint members to national committees. In the VP's absence, he can administer all constitutional oaths, sign legislation and jointly works with the Speaker of the House when all of Congress comes together for joint meetings.
Patrick Leahy is Vermont's only Democratic senator and also the youngest; he was elected to Congress at age 34. He is the current Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee and is the most senior member of the Appropriations Committee and Subcommittee on State Department, Foreign Operations and Related Programs, and the Agriculture Committee. He has the most seniority in the Senate.
By Alyssa Tino, Block 2
Majority Floor Leader
Harry Reid

Senator of Nevada
31 years in Congress
Responsibilities/ Duties
The Senate Majority Floor Leader speaks for the majority party's positions on issues. He calls bills to be debated on the floor and advises his party with the legislative process of the day. He works with the Senate Minority Leader to facilitate agreements that limit time for Senate debate and give equal time to both parties. He can call for cloture in order to keep legislation going and protects the interests and rights of party members.
Harry Reid was reelected 4 times to the Senate. He was first elected in 1986 and again in 1992, 1998, 2004 and 2010. He was the Chairman of the Committee on Environment and Public Works and a member of the Select Committee on Ethics. He was also co-chair of Senate Democratic Conference and Democratic Policy Committee. He was even a Democratic whip and its minority leader until 2007.
Majority Leader
Eric Cantor

Senator of 7th District of Virginia
12 years in Congress
Responsibilities/ Duties
The House Majority Floor Leader is the party's representative on the house floor. He schedules floor debate for legislation and plans daily, weekly and annual legislative agendas. He talks with party members to estimate their feelings on legislation process.

Eric Cantor has chaired the Congressional Task Force on Terrorism, but he is also a former businessman who has worked to lower taxes, eliminate gov't. regulation and strengthen small business. He wrote the Tax Relief and Healthcare Act which became law in 2006.
Minority Floor Leader
Mitch McConnell
Senator of Kentucky
29 years in Congress
Responsibilities/ Duties
The Senate Minority Leader collaborates with the Majority Leader to carry out legislation and assist other senators. They serve as representatives for their respective political parties. Specifically, the minority leader is responsible for unifying the party members and protects the right of the minority.
Mitch McConnell is only the second senator from Kentucky to lead the Senate Republican party. He was also the Republican Leader for the last three Congresses and the Chairman of the National Republic Senatorial Committee during the 1998 and 2000 elections. He is currently a senior member of the Appropriations, Agriculture and Rules Committees.
Minority Floor Leader
Nancy Pelosi

Represents California's 12th District, San Francisco
25 years in Congress
The House Minority Leader represents the opposition to the majority party on the House floor. She shares similar responsibilities to that of the majority leader, but she speaks for the minority party and its policies and protects the members' rights.
Nancy Pelosi was the first female Speaker of The House from 2007 to 2011. In 2009, she worked with Pres. Obama to lead the House passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, which helped create jobs and created a 95% tax cut for millions of Americans. She is an outspoken advocate for HIV/AIDS research and a supporter of LGBT equality. She was responsible for countless changes in the fields of healthcare reform, gender equality and clean energy legislation, just to name a few out of many.
Majority Whip
Kevin McCarthy

Represents California's 23rd District
7 years in Congress
Responsibilities/ Duties
The majority whip assists the Speaker of The House and the majority leader with enacting legislation for the majority party. He coordinates on ideas and works to gain support for proposed legislation. He takes attendance of his party to make sure all members are present during all floor meetings.
Kevin McCarthy has worked to decrease government regulation and to support the role of American small businesses. After being elected majority whip in 2010, McCarthy worked to enact the decrease of taxes, cut government spending dramatically, and legislated for private sectors to invest in small businesses and create jobs.
Minority Whip
Steny Hoyer

Represents the 5th Congressional District of Maryland
32 years in Congress
The minority whip assists the minority leader in enacting legislation of the minority party. His main duty is to ensure discipline of his party on the floor and to take member attendance. He offers motivation to make legislation a civil and professional process and he threatens punishment for any member who does not vote with official party policy.
Steny Hoyer was House Majority Leader from 2007 to 2011. He is credited with helping to pass the Disabilities Act in 1990 and the landmark Help America Vote Act in 2002. He led the Democrat's Make It In America Plan which has focused on rebuilding American manufacturing and bring better jobs from other places. He also helped in ending the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy of the U.S. military.
Majority Whip
Richard Durbin

Senator of Illinois
17 years in Congress
The Senate Majority Whip assists the Senate Majority Leader in tracking member votes on important legislation. He also presides over the majority party if the leader is absent.
Richard Durbin is a member of the Senate Judiciary, Appropriations, Foreign Relations and Rules Committees. He is the chairman of the Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights and the Appropriations Subcommittee of Defense. He is only the 5th Senator from Illinois to serve in the Senate.
Minority Whip

John Cornyn

Senator of Texas
11 years in Congress

The Senate Minority Whip assists the Senate Minority Leader in tracking member votes on important legislation. He presides over the party if the leader is absent.
As the second most conservative
Senator today, John Cornyn has been the Vice Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference and the Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee. He is currently a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee and Finance Committee and is the top Republican on the Judiciary subcommittees of Immigration, Refugees and Border Security.
Conference Chair
John Thune,
Senator of South Dakota
Conference Vice- Chair/ Secretary
Roy Blunt, Senator of Missouri
Policy Committee Chair
John Barrasso, Senator of Wyoming
Caucus Chair
Harry Reid, Senator of Nevada
Senate Party Conferences (Caucuses)
-Elect party leaders

Caucus Vice Chair/ Secretary
Patty Murray, Senator of Washington
Policy Committee Chair
Chuck Schumer, Senator of New York
Conference Chair
Cathy McMorris Rodgers, Senator of Washington
Conference Vice Chair
Lynn Jenkins, Senator of Kansas
Policy Committee Chair
James Lankford, Senator of Oklahoma
House Party Conferences (Caucuses)
-Elect party leaders

Caucus Chair
Xavier Becerra, Senator of California
Caucus Vice Chair
Joseph Crowley, Senator of New York
Policy Committee Chair
Nancy Pelosi, Senator of California
Committee Chairpersons
Today, Committee Chairpersons are chosen based on seniority.
Committee chairpersons lead all types of Congress Committees in specialization on specific issues under their jurisdiction. They also help committee members monitor on-going governmental operations, select issues for the legislation process, gather and evaluate information and recommend actions to the Senate. They call meetings of the Committee, set their agendas and control their staff and funding.
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