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Paulo Freire: Pedagogy of the Oppressed
Transcript of Paulo Freire: Pedagogy of the Oppressed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Paulo_Freire.jpg Who? What? When? Where?
Influences Why? How? http://www.tagxedo.com/artful/e72ec24a2f884f74 http://timeglider.com/timeline/7ee3135bb58efdf6 Create an inclusive learning environment where you and your students are “CO-INVESTIGATORS” examining problems within their own experiences. This “THEMATIC-INVESTIGATION” will involve the use of “DIDACTIC-RESOURCES” (readings, guest experts, videos) to create CULTURAL-CIRCLES of learners in the classroom. Through COOPERATION the students/teachers will form a COMMUNION of inquiry. Through DIALOGUE/ACTION/REFLECTION they will synthesize their learning in order to create an ORGANIZATION that makes change happen in what Freire calls a “CULTURAL-SYNTHESIS”
“If the structure does not permit dialogue the structure must be changed” .......Paulo Freire (http://www.goodreads.com/quotes) http://www.tigweb.org http://www.imagine-action.ca http://calgaryscienceschool.blogspot.ca What if
(and his philosophy of critical pedagogy
did not exist? Critical Theory:
Regarding Eisner’s Curriculum Orientations, Paulo Freire’s work falls into the area of “Critical Theory” which is an approach to the study of schools and society that has as its main function the revelation of the values that underlie the institution. Critical theorists, like Freire, are almost always on the political left with roots in theorists like Karl Marx. Through their work, they are trying to raise the consciousness of parents, students, educators to examine the “dominated over” perspective of schools so that they can be liberated from the school’s/society’s debilitating practices. Subject content is not as important as the hidden curriculum. Teachers have an important role in working with others to create an educational climate that is free from the constrains of government bureaucracy. The importance of learning is to give children a sense of meaning by allowing them to define their own education goals and to relate these to the community in which they live. (pp. 73-76).
Eisner. E. (1994). The education imagination. New York: MacMillan
College Publishing Company. Ira Shor, a professor at the City University of New York, who was greatly influence by Friere’s work, uses critical pedagogy in his classroom. Along with his students, he develops themes in the context of everyday life within the classrooms. He thinks that the whole curriculum of the classroom must be re-examined and reconstructed so that students can become more active and take ownership of their learning, rather than being passive sponges. They can learn and create something different for themselves than the traditional “sit and git” methodology used in so many institutions.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_pedagogy) Paulo Freire's work also had a profound impact on Steve Biko and the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa.‘During South African apartheid, legal racialization implemented by the regime drove members of the radical leftist Teachers' League of South Africa to employ critical pedagogy with a focus on nonracialism in Cape Town schools and prisons. Teachers collaborated loosely to subvert the racist curriculum and encourage critical examination of religious, military, political, and social circumstances in terms of spirit-friendly, humanist, and democratic ideologies. The efforts of such teachers are credited with having bolstered student resistance and activism.
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http://www.freireproject.org/fr Influences Impacting Paulo Freire: Other Important Dates:
Karl Marx writes The Communist Manifesto (1848)
Russian Revolution brings Communism to Russia under Lenin (1917)
World War I officially ends (November 11, 1918)
The Roaring Twenties brings prosperity to America (1920s)
Stock Market Crashes leading to the Great Depression (1929)
Mahatma Gandhi uses non violence (fasting, peaceful protest) to encourage the British to leave India (1942). India eventually gains its independence (1947)
Hitler's White Supremacy government under the Nazis ends with Germany losing World War II (1945)
Fidel Castro leads an armed revolt against Cuban dictator Batista and establishes communism (1959)
Che Guevara, an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, is assasinated by the CIA-Bolivian Government (1965)
Women's Liberation Movement is born (1960s)
Stephen Biko, an anti-apartheid activist in South Africa is murdered by South African police force (1977)
multi-racial democratic elections in are held in South Africa bringing Nelson Mandela to power and ending apartheid (1994). Image retrieved from:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a3/Pedagogy_of_the_oppressed.jpg Assignment to Change the World