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Lord Of The Flies

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Shirly Fang

on 29 January 2014

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Transcript of Lord Of The Flies

Background and Summary of LotF
How Sociology Relates to Everyday Life - How we communicate, our ways of life, and how we interact with others
Types of Government
Democracy-
1.A political system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections.
(Stanford)
Ralph
Ralph was the elected leader of the group of boys. His main goal was to be rescued. Ralph and Jack constantly struggle for the power of being chief.
Paul Van Hindenburg
Sociology- the scientific analysis of a social institution as a functioning whole and as it relates to the rest of society
(Merriam Webster)
The Importance of A Leader -
-Provide direction during unstable times
-Organize and inspire group for things that need to be done
-Think of ideas that can better the group
-Make decisions that best benefit the group

As Chief
Ralph was voted for chief by the boys because he was the one that blew the conch to gather all of them in the beginning and "was big enough to link to the adult world of authority."
Works Cited
Summary
During a war, young boys are evacuated from England but end up crashing onto a tropical island. The boys try to survive and live in peace, but tension rises between the two main leaders . Eventually the boys separate into two different groups. One of the groups is under Ralph, the original chief, and Jack.
Dictatorship-
One person (dictator) makes all decisions
Dictator has unrestricted control in government
The citizens have no political say

Leadership Qualities of the Chief
Shares common goal with all the boys : be rescued
Thinks about the long term effects of their decisions
Logic over emotions (Understands the importance of keeping the fire going over having fun)
Fair

Due to his war hero status, Paul Van Hindenburg was elected as Germany's president in 1925.

(BBC)
Jack Merridew
Jack desires power and is dismayed when Ralph won the election for chief. He stays morally inclined from social conditioning but ends up choosing the life of savagery.
As Dictator
Jack is a savage that manipulates the boys into doing what he pleases by using their fear against them. He is persuasive and offers the boys what they want : meat.
"A great log had been dragged into the center of the lawn and Jack, painted and garlanded, sat there like an idol…"
Hitler
Works Cited
Ask, "What is Democracy." Last modified 24 01, 2004. Accessed January 27, 2014.
Ask, "What is Dictatorship." Accessed January 23, 2014.
BBC History, "Paul von Hindenburg." Accessed January 27, 2014.
Botwinick, Rita Steinhardt. A History of the Holocaust. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2001.
Breitowitz, Yitzchok. “Book Review.” Review of Hitler’s Justice: The Courts of the Third Reich, by Ingo Muller. Harvard University Press, 1991.
Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. London: Faber and Faber Limited, 1954.
Goss, Jennifer. BBC, "Adolf Hitler Appointed Chancellor of Germany." Accessed January 23, 2014.
History Learning Site, "Jews in Nazi Germany." Accessed January 21, 2014.
Hitler, Adolf. "Mein Kampf"
Lippman, Matthew. “Law, Lawyers, and Legality in the Third Reich: The Perversion of Principle and Professionalism.” Temple International and Comparative Law Journal (Fall 1997): p.1-48.
Rosenberg, Jennifer. About, "Adolf Hitler." Accessed January 27, 2014.
Rosenberg, Jennifer. About, "Hitler’s Beer Hall Putsch." Last modified 27 03, 2003. Accessed January 23, 2014.
Shaffer, Brian W. "Reading the Novel in English, 1950-2000." Google Books. Web.
Spielvogel, Jackson. Western Civilization Fifth Edition. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 2003.
Wistrich, . USHMM, "Adolf Hitler." Accessed January 28, 2014. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/hitler.html


Psychology of the Beast
The Conch
Ralph uses the conch as a symbol for fairness and power of democracy. The conch is a direct connection between the boys and civilization.
As a President
Hindenburg is known as a hero of World War I. He served two terms of presidency in Germany after World War I. He appointed Hitler to be chancellor, his second in command.
Ralph and Hindenburg
Ralph was chief and had the authority to name Jack the leader of his "hunters"
As president of Germany, Hindenburg had the power to assign a chancellor, whom he chose to be Hitler
Jack tried to run against Ralph in the position of chief multiple times but lost from the lack of votes
Hindenburg and Hitler ran for presidency in 1932, but Hindenburg won the election once again
Jack and Hitler
After the death of von Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler turned Germany into a fascist totalitarian state. Nazi Germany existed until 1945.

Dictatorship

Ruled with violence and fear

Acts of intimidation on opposing party


(History Learning Site)
As the boys get rescued and are asked "who's boss here," by the naval officer, Jack moves forward but then holds back. This is because he realizes that they will now have to return to the normal and civilized life.
What Is The Beast
The boys are scared of the beast, but only Simon is able to realize that they fear the beast because it exists within each of them. As the boys grow more savage, their belief in the beast grows stronger. The boys’ behavior is what brings the beast into existence.
"What I mean is . . . Maybe it's only us . . ."
How The Beast Controlled The Boys
Hitler's Way To Win
Jack uses the idea of the beast to control the boys.
The beast is used as a fear tool in order to maintain power over them.
Jack gained power and dominated the boys' emotions and freewill.
Declares Ralph an unfit leader because of his inability to hunt after the beast sighting.
Hitler used Germany's current problems as a "beast" and then blamed it on the Jews, despite the fact that they were innocent. Hitler used Germany's fears to control the crowd into believing that the Jews, the problem causers, must be eliminated and ignored.
"The personification of the devil as the symbol of all evil assumes the living shape of the Jew."
-Hitler
Mein Kamper

"Good" and "Bad" Scale
A leader
Full transcript