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Comparing Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and Alexander II's Emancipation Manifesto
Transcript of Comparing Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and Alexander II's Emancipation Manifesto
9 Nikolai Turgenieff, "The Emancipation of the Russian Serfs" in The Great Events by Famous Historians, vol. 17
10 African American Odyssey
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart5.html Lincoln and Alexander II: A Comparison of Freedom Alison Pagalilauan
June 2013 Taking a Second Look at Emancipation... DC Compensated Emancipation Act of 1862 Influential Leaders of the 1680s Alexander II Emancipation Proclamation of
1863 Czar Alexander II 1 2 Abraham Lincoln (1818-1881) Also known as Alexander the Liberator
Known for his emancipation of Russian serfs in 1861
Was Emperor of Russia 4 Emancipation Timeline 1860 Nov. 6th Lincoln is elected as President 1863 Jan. 1 Lincoln signs final draft of Emancipation Proclamation 1861 Emancipation Manifesto Passed by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation stated that all enslaved people in enemy lands would be free: "...all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free." -Abraham Lincoln, Emancipation Proclamation 1862 Federal government abolishes slavery in U.S. capital 1865 Jan. 31 Congress passes 13th amendment, abolishing slavery 3 Final copy of Emancipation Proclamation Emancipation Manifesto These 17 acts passed in 1861 stated that serfs were legally free of landlords. own property
buy land from their previous owners
sue in courts
vote in local elections This emancipation was created to free the serfs, which the upper class thought would lead to economic and social stability--however, that wasn't the case. The former serfs mainly had to find work elsewhere. The landlords were left with no workers and less land. Disadvatages of the Emancipation Proclamation Advatages of the Emancipation Proclamation... Made abolition of slavery an aim for wining the war Allowed African American soldiers to fight for the Union Those who were no longer serfs gained the right to: 5 "We show our sympathy with slavery by emancipating slaves where we cannot reach them and holding them in bondage where we can set them free."
-William Seward, Lincoln's Secretary of State Emancipation Manifesto Emancipation Proclamation Ended slavery in Washington, DC
Freed 3,100 individuals
Reimbursed those who had legally owned them
Offered newly freed women and men money to emigrate
Required former slaveholders to provide written evidence of their ownership, as well as state their loyalty to the Union
Slaves who escaped from Maryland to Washington, DC were still subject to older fugitive slave laws Similarities... Similarities... Slaves lacked any rights whatsoever
Presidential successors such as James Madison knew slavery was wrong, but did nothing to change it
Only proclaimed partial freedom
Lincoln cited America's founding principles and looked forward to a future without slavery. He freed the slaves to achieve the goal of preserving the Union. Serfs were exploited and had few legal rights
Catherine the Great was not able to curtail serfdom Many freed serfs were not given land
Looked to the past and as well as the future, using radical methods to achieve conservative goals. Differences... Were required to labor for their masters only three days a week--Russian law even mandated certain minimum allotments of land for each family.
Could own real estate with their masters’ consent.
Had not been kidnapped from their native country and shipped via the Middle Passage. (The relatively static nature of Russia’s economy and society meant that serf families were far less vulnerable to sudden separations and dislocations.) Serfs... By the 1850s, American slavery was rapidly growing, while serfdom was disolving
Lincoln provided neither compensation to slaveownvers nor land to freed slaves Boston, Nicholas, and Jennifer Hallam. "Emancipation & Freedom." PBS.org. Public Broadcasting Service, n.d. Web. 05 June 2013.
"Reconstruction and Its Aftermath." African American Odyssey. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 June 2013.
Lynch, Michael. "The Emancipation of the Russian Serfs, 1861: A Charter of Freedom or an Act of Betrayal?" HistoryToday. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 June 2013.
"Ending Slavery in the District of Columbia." DC.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 June 2013."
The Other Emancipation Proclamation." Nytimes.com. The New York Times, n.d. Web. 06 June 2013. 7 6 9 "The great inconvenience of this method was that it obliged the peasants to pay a heavy rent to redeem their land..."
-Nikolai Turgeneiff, Russian economist and political theoretician 8 "For we colored people did not know how to be free and the white people did not know how to have a free colored person about them."
- Houston Hartsfield Holloway, freedman 10