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Grammar Guru

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by

Josie Au

on 17 June 2013

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Transcript of Grammar Guru

GRAMMAR GURU
The road to all success...
Common grammar
mistakes:

1. Oxford Comma
2. Run-on Sentences
3. Apostrophes
4. Semi-colon
5. Dash
6. Homophones
How to find:
How to avoid them:
How to correct them:
Examples:
How to find:
How to find:
How to find:
How to find:
How to find:
How to avoid them:
How to correct them:
Examples:
An oxford comma is a comma essentially, but it is used in a series. It is needed to create understanding in whether two words are together or separate.

1. Don't list objects/people together

When listing objects, put a comma in between to indicate they are two different objects
Incorrect: This project is dedicated to Ms. Rioux our English class and the Language Arts community.

Correct: This project is dedicated to Ms. Rioux, our English class, and the Language Arts community.
A semi-colon looks like it is a period on top of a comma. It is used to link closely related ideas, usually connected with translational phrases
How to avoid them:
1. The first phrase should be a stand alone sentence, so end it with a period.
2. Ensure that the next sentence is not too closely related to the first sentence, so there will be no need for the use of a semi-colon.

How to correct them:

1. When there are two closely related ideas in two consecutive sentences, put a semi-colon there instead of a period.
Examples:
Incorrect: Anna's hair is turning white. She's getting old.

Correct: Anna's hair is turning white; She's getting old.
There are two types of grammar that need the use apostrophes:
1. Contractions
- one word that is made up of two words using an apostrope
2. Possessions
- used to show someone/something is plural or is in possesion of something else

How to avoid:
1. In order to avoid contractions, the writer can write the whole two words out, instead of connecting them with an apostrophe.
2. There is no real way to avoid possessions.
How to correct them:
1. Contractions:
These words do not need to be "corrected"; however they can shorten words by adding an apostrophe with the designated letters deleted and added.
2. Possessions:
The first step to take is to see if the noun is possesive and then determine if it is singular or plural. If it is singular, add an "'s" to the end of the noun. If it is plural add an "s'" to the end of the word. If the plural noun ends with an "s", just add an "'" to the end of it.
Examples:
Contractions:
Incorrect: Its a beautiful day!
Correct: It's a beautiful day!

Possessions:
Incorrect: I hid in my mothers bedroom.
Correct: I hid in my mother's bedroom.
Incorrect: The Smiths's house was very nice.
Correct: The Smiths’ house was very nice.

Both:
Incorect: The weathers nice today. I wonder if its going to stay like this. Your going to have a fun time at the beach.
Correct: The weather’s nice today. I wonder if it’s going to stay like this. You’re going to have a fun time at the beach.
Homophones are words that sound the same, but are spelt and defined differently

Ex. Bear- an animal
Bare- not to be clothed or covered
How to avoid:
Make sure to understand the definitions of words and their spellings. Also, understand the sentence in order to choose the correct word.
How to correct:
1. Review the sentence and ensure all the wording is correct
2. If the wording is not correct, switch it with the proper word

Examples:
Incorrect: I no you thought I did it, but there’s know way I could have.
Correct: I know you thought I did it but there’s no way I could have.
* "Know" means to have knowledge of something and "no" stating a disagreement

Incorrect: During the knight, the princess was saved by the handsome night.
Correct: During the night, the princess was saved by the handsome knight.
*Night is the opposite of morning and knight is a man who is mounted soldier in armor
A run-on sentence is when two or more unrelated phrases are joined together by none or inappropriate punctuations/ conjunctions.
To fix a run-on sentence, it mostly is determined by the tone and what the sentence is trying to convey to the readers. It can be corrected with conjugations or different types of punctuations, but it depends on the phrases.
To avoid run-on sentences, make sure to punctuate and conjugate the sentences properly.
Incorrect: I’ve never seen a run-on sentence in my life my English teacher loves the way I write and she gave us an A for our project and when other male students are trying to sass her we always give her our undivided attention.
Correct: I’ve never seen a run-on sentence in my life. My English teacher loves the way I write and she gave us an A for our project. When other male students trying to sass her, we always give her our undivided attention.


There are two types of dashes:
Em dash-
- replaces "to"
- used to connect related ideas and range
- it looks shorter than an "Em dash", but longer than a hyphen
Ex. June 2012-2013
Em dash-
- replaces commas, colons and semi-colons
- can indicated emphasis or an arupt change of thought
Ex. I pay the bills—they have all the fun.

How to avoid:
En dash: To avoid using this type of dash, just put "to" instead of "-"

Em dash: To avoid using the Em dash, try to not have an interruption or a change of thought mid-sentence.
How to correct:
Use the En dash to show a range and replace words like "to" with "-".
Use the Em dash to create a change of thought or interruption by replacing commas, semi-colons and colons.
Examples:
En Dash:
Incorrect: January to June
Correct: January - June

Em Dash:
Incorrect: He was nervous not scared of his wedding day.
Correct: He was nervous—not scared—of his wedding day.
By Josephine, Maria and Teagan
The End!
Full transcript