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Modes of Discourse Part 1

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Virginia Coleman-Prisco

on 2 July 2013

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Transcript of Modes of Discourse Part 1

Distinguishing between Facts, Opinions, and Arguments
Modes of Discourse: Part 1
Critical Inquiry,
Mercy College

Facts are statements that can be verified or proven to be true or false.

Factual statements from reliable sources can be accepted and used in drawing conclusions, building arguments, and supporting ideas.

(adapted from http://academic.cuesta.edu/acasupp/as/403.htm)

Example of a Fact
Hurricane Sandy made landfall in the United States at 8pm Oct. 29, 2012, striking near Atlantic City, N.J., with winds of 80 mph.

Opinions are statements that
express feelings, attitudes, or beliefs
are neither true nor false.

Opinions must be considered as one person's point of view that you are free to accept or reject.
Since they can be personal, Opinions are highly subjective and difficult to "prove" with evidence and logic.

Example of an Opinion
Hurricane Sandy was the scariest storm to hit the Northeastern Coast of the U.S. in recent years.

An argument is a claim with supporting evidence.
Arguments are usually developed to persuade one to accept a position, proposal, or point of view.

Example of an Argument
Many buildings on New Jersey Barrier Islands were destroyed because they were not protected by sand dunes. The Barrier Islands need to have better dunes and protection against storm surges. Otherwise, any rebuilding attempts will not withstand another storm like Sandy.

Next Steps
Now that you have finished watching this video, please complete the quiz and then go to Part 2.

Thanks for watching.
Full transcript