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Martin Luther King (Nederlands)
Transcript of Martin Luther King (Nederlands)
Civil Rights Movement Contributions
Montgomery Bus Boycott
King spoke at nightly sessions during the 385 day boycott
King was temporarily arrested and jailed
King`s house was bombed and vandalized multiple times
Was on the Birmingham African-American committee that looked into the Rosa Parks case and facilitated the boycott
King delivers his ``I Have a Dream`` speech to which he has been renouned for
King finds the SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference), which was a group created to harness the moral authority and organize power of black churches to conduct non-violent protests in the service of civil rights reform
King led the SCLC until his death
The Birmingham Campaign
King initiated `project C`; a series of sit-ins and marches intended to provoke arrest after a failed boycott to pressure businesses to offer employment to all races
``The purpose of direct action is to create a situation so crisis-packed it will inevitably open the door to negotiation`` King stated when directing black citizens to employ non-violent tactics
The Albany Movement
King becomes involved in the mobilization of thousands of demonstrators in Albany, Georgia to form a desegregation coalition that tackled all aspects of segregation within the city
King counselled citizens on the essence of non-violent attacks
King was sentenced to 45 days in prison
The march in St. Augustine demanded uncorrupted voting rights and was organized by King and the SCLC
King was the driving force that led nightly marches in Selma; unfortunately, they were met with violent white segregationalists who forced them to stop
King petitioned an injunction in federal court against the State of Alabama for prohibiting their protests, but it was denied
Undettered, King and the SClC authorized an illegal march on March 9th to Selma
He later led a march on March 25th where he delivered his famous speech ``How Long, Not Long``
After his success in the south, King tried to spread the movement to the North by tackling a newly discovered form of discrimination- racial steering, which refers to the deliberate ghettoization of coloured folks
He executed marches and moved into a building into the slums with other activists to demonstrate their support and empathy
250,000 people in attendance from all over the United States
A quarter of which NOT being coloured
More than 2000 buses, 21 special cars and 10 airlines coverged at the nations capital
Martin Luther King`s ``I Have a Dream`` speech outshined all speeches and performances and captivated many; regarded as one of the most memorable speeches in American history
Was broadcasted live on national television to millions of viewers
More cameras were setup than the amount used to film the last Presidential Inauguration
One of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history
Called for civil and economic rights for African Americans
They marched from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial
Marked the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln which freed slaves
Some were concerned that it might turn violent, which could undermine pending legislation and damage the international image of the movement; this was not the case.
Thousands of police were ordered to ensure that the march went smoothly; they were not needed as the march was absolutely peaceful
The March- Aftermath
The march is widely credited for helping pass the Civil Rights Act (1964), and the Voting Rights Act (1965)
King becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
Many people became aware of the oppression that existed in their own nation, and prompted thousands to be inspired and motivated to make a change
Martin Luther King was the youngest man to win the nobel peace prize 1968.
He was also voted person of the year award in 1963.
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King, was born January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968 in
Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
Segregation in The United States
During the 1950s when King was growing up the United States had laws enforcing racial Segregation between black and white people.
King grew up in Atlanta Georgia,Where he went to segregated high schools.
At the age of 15 King went to college studied for 3 years on theological study (Religious Studies).
He met Coretta Scott King, married and had four children together.
King was born with the name Michael King, his father changed it to Martin Luther King to honor the religious reformer Martin Luther.
is a separation between different racial groups in daily life.
Meaning african Americans and white americans were treated differently.
Segregation laws meant that African Americans could not use the same water Fountains,
Attend the same schools or
Eat at the same restaurants.
The places set African Americans received less public funding and had less quality.
Rosa Parks was an african american which refused to give up her seat to a white person on a bus, she was arrested by the police.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King became the leader of the NAACP, an organisation which fought for the
rights of black people in America.
Martin Luther King believed in fighting for the rights of black people, he wanted equality rights and an end to discrimination.
African Americans around America were furious and had enough of being discriminated against something had to be done,
Dr.King became the leader of the Montgomery bus boycott.
This meant the blacks refused to use the city bus for 385 days to show the government how upset they were about the laws of segregation they wanted equality.
The protest got so intense Kings home being bombed and he was subjected to a number of personal attacks.
This led King to be a national figure and leader for the civil rights movement.
I Have A Dream
On August 28 1963 King led a 'March on Washington' his biggest protest.
(a quarter of a million people) walked from all over America to hear Martin Luther King speak at the Lincoln Memorial.
King explained that he dreamed in living in a world were black people would be equal to white people. This speech was famously known as the
'I Have A Dream'.
It is now one of the most famous speeches in the world.
Death of Martin Luther King
On April 4 1968, at the age of 39 King was assassinated at his Motel balcony in Memphis, Tennessee while giving a speech.
King was shot and killed by a snipers bullet.
Newspaper Report from the Day of the Assassination.
Who was his Killer?
James Earl Ray
James Earl Ray is believed to have been a racist man who was against all of Martin Luther Kings work in the civil rights movement.
Kings Non-Violent approach to getting equal rights was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi.
Martin Luther King was the leader of the Civil Rights Movement which he worked to end racial segregation and discrimination in the 1950s and 1960s.
Civil Rights Act
Shortly after Kings Assassination,
Civil Rights Act
was passed in 1964 which ended racial segregation,it gave them equal opportunities in work and education.
Black people also got the right to vote in 1965. Kings dream was started to come true.
Martin Luther King was a brave confident man which stood up for what he believed in.
King made a huge difference to the world which would influence the next generation to end racial discrimination and bring equality to the world.
American people all over the USA celebrate Martin Luther King day every third Monday of January to honor the life and achievements of Martin Luther King.
Kings work is remembered all around America with his a national holiday. Schools, streets and public buildings with are all named after King to honor his bravery and amazing work in the civil rights movement.
Civil Rights Movement Begins
Kings used a non-violent approach to getting equality this soon proved to be very effective.
He traveled all over the country giving speeches about civil rights and leading protests against unfair laws.
Kings main point was that people should not be judged by the color of there skin.
De 7 belangrijkste momenten van zijn leven
Martin Luther King