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The United Kingdom Group Project

AP Comparative Politics
by

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on 20 February 2014

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Transcript of The United Kingdom Group Project

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The Parliament is the center of the British political power.
The House of Commons is the center of the parliamentary power.
In the House of Commons, there are 650 members of Parliament sit on long beaches that face the middle of the room.
The Parliament's upper house is called the "House of Lords", which has nearly 750 members.
Traditionally, the membership in the House of Lords was mainly based on nobility.
Political System
The British political system is the real-world expression of the Westminister model of democracy and is also close to the form of Lijphart's majoritarian democracy.
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By: Reggie, Josmary, Williams, Ashley, and "Lew"
The British constitution relies on norms that have been established in Britain's political culture. (Authority, Tradition, and Responsibility)
The Labour Party led by Tony Blair marked the end of Conservative control and introduced fundamental constitutional reforms.
Majoritarian democracy can create sharp divisions between those who hold power and those who do not, and it does not allow the opposition much influence over government policy.
he United Kingdom still remains as one of the most majoritarian democratic system in the world.
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The United Kingdom
The
Constitution
The British Constitution was not the result of a constitutional convention like the constitutions of many other places.
It was never written down in a single document, but is rather a collection of various acts, legal opinions, and generally accepted norms and customs.
The Legislature
The
Executive
The history of the British political development centers on the monarch and other competing sources of powers.
The Executive
- Needs the Prime Minister's approval to call
parliamentary elections.
- The monarch has not vetoed legislation since the 1700s.
- Both the Prime Minister and the government write the monarch's annual speech before the Parliament.
make your message
ZOOM
A unitary system can be autocratic, oligarchic or
democratic
.
So, depending on the type of government that is in place, citizens may play a large role in the country's politics.
Queen Elizabeth II is the monarch of the United Kingdom, however this does not make her the head of the government.



The head of the government in the UK is the Prime Minister, David Cameron. In unitary governments, the leader can be a King, President, or like David Cameron, a Prime Minister.
The executive had absolute power until the Magna Carta was signed, thus limiting the current monarchs power.
Unitary System, but with significant devolution of powers,
which are particularly to both Scotland and Northern Ireland.
The UK is a unitary parliamentary democracy.
Citizens vote for members of Parliament.
Parliament members then select from themselves who the Prime Minister will be.
The national Parliament runs the country, and the local governments have very little power.
Levels of
Government
Robert Alan Dahl, the Sterling Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Senior Research Scientist in Sociology at Yale University and the creator the European Model of Democracy, Westminister Model of Democracy, American Model of Democracy, and Latin American Model of Democracy, died on February 5, 2014 in a nursing home in Hamden, Conn at age 98.
With PREZI
SideNote
The prime minister is the chief executive of the political system and his/her success is dependent upon leadership style and institutional involvement.

The prime minister can replace members of the cabinet-level status without the consent of parliament. This ability shows just how much power the prime minister possess.

However the prime minister doesn’t have the power to run over the cabinet, for the cabinet play a central role in creating government policy.
United Kingdom's current Prime Minister:
David William Donald Cameron,
or just David Cameron
Written components of the British constitution include the Magna Carta, and newer acts of Parliament designed to remake the political system.
Arend d'Angremond
Lijphart
Full transcript