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Neurodevelopmental Disorder

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Darian McCrackin

on 24 June 2016

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Transcript of Neurodevelopmental Disorder

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Neurodevelopmental Disorder
Language Disorder
Language acquisition (milestone)
Sentence structure,
Vocabulary,
Conversational consistency

Includes Written and sign languages

Not attributable to a hearing or other sensory impairment

Poor understanding of semantics
Speech Sound Disorder
Difficulty producing phonemes impacting comprehensible language

Limits social interaction
Childhood Onset Fluency Disorder
Repetition or extension of syllables
Starts and stops of speech
Evasion of words difficult to pronounce
Onset early childhood
Overview
Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder
Requires several symptoms for 6mo. before age 12
Inattention (6+) (5+ for adults)



Hyperactivity/Impulsivity (6+) (5+ for adults)



Need to specify if the Diagnosis is both, or a predominant symptom
Needs to be delineated from a number of similar presenting diagnoses.

Specific Learning Disorder
Difficulty Learning subject/skill (Math, spelling, reading, reading comprehension, etc.)

Greatly beneath the expected age

Might not become fully manifest until the skill exceeds their capacity

Not better accounted for by Intellectual disability, injury, or other mental disorder, or inadequate eduaction, etc.
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Interpreting Social Cues
Body Language, and emotional recognition.
Reduced social communication.
Difficulty initiating or sustaining social contact

Repetitive movements
Difficulty Adjusting to new routines
"Ritualized patterns of verbal or non-verbal behavior"
Highly limited interests/routines
Sensory sensitivity or hyposensitivity
Social (Pragmatic) Comminication Disorder
Difficulty communicating with other people, or adjusting communications to meet the needs of listeners.
Difficulty regulating conversation
Difficulty adapting language to different social contexts, formal/informal, etc.
Difficulty understanding meanings that are not obvious
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by Darian McCrackin
Intellectual Disability
Impairments to:
Learning/Adapting
Executive function
Reasoning
Abstract thought
Judgment
Working memory
Severity:
Mild
Moderate
Severe
Profound
Specific vs Global
Occurs in childhood

Missing Developmental Milestones

Generally requires neurological exam


Unspecified Communication Disorder
Whenever the signs point to Communication Disorder, but full criteria aren't met and the clinician choses not to specify why.
Or there is not enough information available, and cannot be tested due to extenuating circumstances
Developmental Coordination Disorder
Early developmental period

Developing and implementing motor skills does not match chronological age.

Slowness, clumsiness,

Interferes with daily life.

Not explainable by intellectual disability, or neurological, or muscular condition
Stereotypic Movement Disorder
Early Developmental onset

Repetitive, seemingly intentional and purposeless movement

Interferes with activities and social situations

Not due to substances or neurological conditions.

Not if it is better explained by a different cause of symptoms.

Note whether or not it results in self-injury

Note whether it's associated with a known medical condition

Tic Disorders
Onset Before 18 Years
Not explainable via effects of substance or medical condition
Tourette's Disorder
Both motor AND vocal tics

Oscillating intensity lasting for more than a year

Persistent (Chronic) Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder

Either motor OR vocal tics not both

oscillating in intensity for a year or more
Provisional Tic Disorder
Either motor OR vocal tics not both

Less than a year since first symptoms

It has never met the criteria to be diagnosed as either of the other two

Other Specified Tic Disorder
Unspecified Tic Disorder
Other Specified Neurodevelopmental Disorder
Unspecified Neurodevelopmental Disorder
A circumstance where symptoms are consistent with Neurodevelopmental Disorders, but don't meet the full criteria for any of the other disorders.
Same as above, however this diagnosis is distinct because it requires either the clinicians choice to mention why it does not fit, or a lack of available information to make necessary distinctions.
Limited to situations where there is a lack of information, or the clinician chooses not to specify the reason it does not fit into other categories
When symptoms show tic disorder, but do not meet any of the full criteria.
Comes in Mild, Moderate, and Severe
Inattentive to detail, prone to careless mistakes

Difficulty maintaining attention

Does not seem to listen during conversation

Doesn't follow through, leaves work unfinished due to being distracted

Difficulty organizing tasks (time, structure, and placement management)

Evasive of activities requiring focus
Often loses things

Often distracted by stimuli or thoughts
Forgetful in daily life
Fidgeting

Often leaves seat

Running about or climbing (in children), Feelings of restlessness (in adults)

Often unable to take leisure quietly

Uncomfortable remaining still for extended durations

Excessive talking

Completes other people's sentences

Difficulty with turn-taking

Often interrupts or intrudes
Severity 1 - 3
Note
Early Development
Activity (ASD)
Cultural Considerations
Things I found interesting
Emotional Recognition & Joint attention
co-occurring intellectual, language impairment,
environmental or medical factors,
or Catatonia
Full transcript