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Argument, Fact, & Opinion

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Transcript of Argument, Fact, & Opinion

Arguments
Fact vs. Opinion

speech/writing that takes a position on an issue
statements that cannot be proven
Opinions can be argued,may be supported with facts, but they cannot be proven.
What is
"opinion"?
statements that can be proven/verified
Facts may be true or false, but they can be proven.
What is
"fact"?
1. Statistically, women live longer than men.

2. Most buses weigh more than most cars.

3. There are ten inches in a foot (false).

Examples:

1- Cricket is boring.
2- Pizza is delicious.
3- Math is the hardest subject.
Examples :
Are these passages mainly fact or opinion based? How do you know?
What is an argument?
Common fact signal words:
establish
point out
know
show
admit
reveal
Common opinion signal words:
say
believe
think
view
argue
may
What every argument has:
claim
support
the writer's position
reasons that explain/justify an action, belief, decision
evidence (facts, statistics, examples, expert opinions)
How can they be proven?
observation
checking a reliable source
conducting an experiment
Express a person's beliefs, feelings, or thoughts.
perhaps
Reading for pleasure is a waste of time. People who spend hour upon hour reading don't get to live in the real world. They don't really learn anything that is useful about how to deal with everyday people and problems. Plus, teachers always make us read things that are boring.
Opinion
Citizens of the Fairlawn Park area look with alarm at the diabolical plot to change a beautiful spot into a baseball park. If this malicious plan is carried out, the lovely trees in the park will be chopped down. Values of the property within the area will drop sharply as the park fills with the filth and debris of the bulldozers and other equipment. Later the shrieks of the young ruffians who take over the park will destroy the peace and quiet of the neighborhood. Obviously no one cares about the poor citizen who has slaved to pay for his home and to keep up with his taxes.
Words that show opinion?
Are there any facts?
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He grew up in a log cabin in the state of Kentucky. He is the president responsible for the Emancipation Proclamation, the document abolishing slavery. He gave many speeches as president, and was the most eloquent president. He was assassinated on April 15, 1865.
Where are the facts?
Where are the opinions?
Side note...
We can also have
INFORMED
opinions.
What are those?
an opinion based on knowledge of FACTS and carefully considered principles
relies on evidence instead of limited personal experience
The opinion of experts is known as informed opinion.
The Surgeon General is regarded as an authority on the health of Americans, so his opinion would be more trustworthy than a casual observer.
apparently
presumably
this suggests
possibly
it's likely that
seemingly
Full transcript