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Ancient Greece-- Part I

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Annie Labatt

on 7 March 2018

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Transcript of Ancient Greece-- Part I

Ancient Greece 900-600 BCE
POTTERY
ARCHITECTURE
SCULPTURE
Warrior Krater, Mycenae, Greece.
c. 1300-1100 BCE.
Ceramic, height 16"
Octopus Flask
Palaikastro, Crete
c. 1500-1450 ("New Palace" period)
ceramic, height 11"
Funerary Krater
Dipylon Cemetery, Athens
c. 750-700 BCE
height 42 5/8"
Exekias, Ajax and Achilles Playing a Game
c. 540-530 BCE
Black-figure painting on a ceramic amphora
height 2'
The Euphronios Krater
by Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter)
Death of Sarpedon.
c. 515 BCE
Red-figure decoration
ceramic, height of krater 18"
Knossos
Riace
Temple of Aphaia, Aegina
c. 500 BCE
view from east, column height about 17'
Warrior Krater
Mycenae, Greece
c.1300-1100 BCE
ceramic, height 16"
Metropolitan Kouros
Attica, c. 600 BCE
marble, height 6'
Berlin Kore
Cemetery at Keratea, near Athens
c. 570-560 BCE
marble with remnants of red paint
height 6'3"
Anavysos Kouros
Cemetery at Anavysos, near Athens
c. 530 BCE
marble with remnants of paint
height 6'4"
"Peplos" Kore
Acropolis, Athes
c. 530 BCE
marble, height 4'
Kritios Boy
From Acropolis, Athens
c. 475 BCE
marble, height 3'10"
Charioteer
From the Santcuary of Apollo, Delphi
c. 470 BCE
bronze, copper (lips and lashes), silver (hand), onyx (eyes
height 5'11"
Warrior
Found in the sea off Riace, Italy
c. 460-450 BCE
Bronze with bone and glass eyes, silver teeth, and copper lips and nipples
height 6'9"
http://www.stoa.org/metis/cgi-bin/qtvr?site=acropolis;node=9
Kallikrates and Iktinos
The Parthenon, Acropolis
Athens. 447-432 BCE
Pantelic marble
Sculpture and Architecture
Temple of Aphaia, Aegina
c. 500 BCE
view from east, column height about 17'
Kallikrates and Iktinos
The Parthenon, Acropolis
Athens. 447-432 BCE
Pantelic marble
East Pediment of the Parthenon
c. 447-432 BCE
West Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina
c. 500-490 BCE
Dying Warrior
Left corner of East Pediment of Temple of Aphaia, Aegina
c. 490-480 BCE, marble
Dying Warrior
Right corner of West Pediment of Temple of Aphaia, Aegina
c. 500-490 BCE, marble
Reconstruction of Archer
West Pediment of Temple of Aphaia, Aegina. 2004
Horsemen
Detail of Procession, from frieze on north side of Parthenon, c. 447-432 BCE
marble
http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/ancient-greek-vase-production-and-the-black-figure-technique.html
http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/248904
Entasis
http://82nd-and-fifth.metmuseum.org/naked-authority
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/09.221.39
A Symposium Scene
From the Tomb of the Diver (Roman Paestum)
c. 480 BCE
Fresco on travertine slab, height 31"
Lysippides Painter,
Herakles Driving a Bull to Sacrifice, c. 525-520 BCE
TIME LINE

900-600: Geometric Period
- Dipylon Cemetery Funerary Krater

c. 600-480: Archaic Period
- Temple of Aphaia, Aegina
- Dying Warrior (West and East)
- Vinzenz Brinkmann
- Metropolitan Koros
- Peplos Kore
- Anavysos Kouros
- Ajax and Achilles
- Sarpedon Krater

c. 480-450: Early Classical Period
- Kritios Boy
- Riace Warrior
- Tomb of a Diver

c. 450-400: High Classical Period
- The Parthenon
- East Pediment
- Lapith Fighting A Centaur
- Doryphoros
- Achilles Painter, Woman and Maid

c. 400-323 BCE: Late Classical Period
- Aphrodite of Knidos

c. 323-31/30 BCE: Hellenistic Period
- Nike
- Old Woman
- Aphroodite of Melos
- Laocoön
West Pediment, Parthenon
http://www.pbs.org/empires/thegreeks/htmlver/
Style of the Achilles Painter
Woman and Maid
c. 450-440 BCE
White-ground lekythos
ceramic, with additional painting in tempera
height 15 1/8 "
Grave Stele of a Little Girl
c. 450-440 BCE
marble
31 1/2"
http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/252890#fullscreen
Polykleitos, Spear Bearer (Doryphoros)
Roman copy after the original bronze of c. 450-400 BCE
Marble, 6'11" height
National Archaeological Museum, Naples
Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athenodoros of Rhodes
Laocoön and His Sons, after 1st century copy BCE
Marble, height 8'
Musei Vaticani, Museo Pio Clementino, Rome
A PRAYER TO APHRODITE

On your dazzling throne, Aphrodite,
sly eternal daughter of Zeus,
I beg you: do not crush me with grief,

but come to me now — as once
you heard my far cry, and yielded,
slipping from your father's house

to yoke the birds to your gold
chariot, and came. Handsome sparrows
brought you swiftly to the dark earth,

their wings whipping the middle sky.
Happy, with deathless lips, you smiled:
"What is wrong, why have you called me?

What does your mad heart desire?
Whom shall I make love you, Sappho,
who is turning her back on you?

Let her run away, soon she'll chase you;
refuse your gifts, soon she'll give them.
She will love you, though unwillingly."

Then come to me now and free me
from fearful agony. Labor
for my mad heart, and be my ally.
Aphrodite of Knidos, Praxiteles
c. 350 BCE
marble height 6'8"
Aphrodite of Melos (Venus de Milo)
c. 150-100 BCE
marble, height 6'8"
Old Woman
Roman Copy, 1st century CE
marble, height 49 1/2"
On the Aphrodite of Knidos by Praxiteles (XXXVI.20-21):

20. "Superior to any other statue, not only to others made by Praxiteles himself, but throughout the world, is the Venus, which many people have sailed to Cnidus to see. He had made two statues and was offering them for sale at the same time. One was clothed, and for this reason was preferred by the people of Cos who had an option to buy, although Praxiteles offered it at the same price as the other—this way he thought the only decent and proper response. So the people of Cnidus bought the Venus when the Coans refused, and its reputation became greatly enhanced."

21. "Subsequently King Nicomedes wanted to buy it from them, promising to cancel all the state's debts, which were vast. The Cnidians, however, preferred to endure anything rather than sell the statue. Nor without just cause, for with it Praxiteles made Cnidus famous. The shrine that houses it is completely open so that the statue of the goddess can be seen from all sides, and it was made in this way, so it is believed, with the goddess's approval. It is admirable from every angle. There is a story that a man who had fallen in love with the statue hid in the temple at night and embraced it intimately; a stain bears witness to his lust."

-- Pliny the Elder, Natural History
http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/248132
HELLENISM
c. 460-450
c. 480
c. 530
c. 450-400 BCE
1st century BCE
High Classical
Archaic
Early Classical
Late Classical
Nike of Samothrace, c. 180 BCE
Marble, height 8'1"
Musee du Louvre, Paris
http://goldenratioinart.artinterp.org/omeka/neatline/show/doryphoros
Pericles
Delian League
KOUROS, KOUROI
KORE, KORAI
CONTRAPPOSTO
ENTASIS
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