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A PASSAGE TO INDIA
Transcript of A PASSAGE TO INDIA
E.M. FORSTER The British came to India at the beginning of the 17th century when East India Corporation was established. Born as a fairly normal trading company, it grew its power till the point in which it was effectively ruling India.
1857 in the Indian Munity Moslem and Hindu soldier rebelled against the EIC because of its insensitivity to other cultures and because they enroled people only from high castes.
The consequence of this rebellion is Queen Victoria taking the crown of India. The British continued ruling India until 1947. In that period the Indians never fully accepted British ruling (Amristar Massacre 1919), they asked for more political power and regard for their religions. CONTESTUALISATION: BRITISH COLONIALISM IN INDIA Dr. AZIZ is a young Indian physician whose attempt to establish friendships with several British characters has disastrous consequences. In the course of the novel, Dr. Aziz is accused of attempting to rape a young Englishwoman. CHARACTERS AND THEIR ATTITUDE TOWARD INDIANS Ilaria Bellino, Giulia Ghiggia, Corrado Bonardo, Dario Musso, Francesca Cavaglià, Ottavia Garibaldi Aziz' s friend Mr. FIELDING, a British teacher, helps to defend Aziz even if all Chandrapore is against him. Mr. FIELDING has a much more sympathetic attitude toward the native population. Miss quested begins with an openminded desire to get to know Indians and see the real India but later as most of British influenced by prejudices falsely accuses Aziz of attempting to rape her. Mrs. MOORE befriends Dr. Aziz, as she feels some spiritual connection with him. She has an unsettling experience with the bizarre echoes in the Marabar Caves, which cause her to feel a sense of dread, especially about human relationships. Mrs. TURTON embodies the novel’s stereotype of the snobby, rude, and prejudiced English colonial wife.
HEASLOP has become prejudiced and intolerant of Indians ever since he moved to India, as is standard for most Englishmen serving there.
Mr. MCBRYDE has an elaborate theory that he claims explains the inferiority of darkskinned races but actually shows more tolerance toward Indians than most English HAMIDULLAH believes that friendship between the English and Indians is more likely possible in England than in India.
AMITRAO the lawyer who defends Aziz at his trial is a highly antiBritish man. "When I began the book I thought of it as a little bridge of sympathy between East and West, but this conception has had to go, my sense of truth forbids anything so comfortable"
E. M. Foster Aziz at the end of the novel predicts Indian indipendence to Fielding:
"We will keep silent until the next european war but then our time will come!" The jallianwala Bagh massacre (also known as the Amritsar massacre ) took place in the Jallianwala Bagh public garden in the northern India city of Amritsar the 13th April 1919.