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After the War (Grade 9 Novel Study)
Transcript of After the War (Grade 9 Novel Study)
By Carol Matas What feelings are created by these novel covers? What is the mood of the novel? What is happening in the visual? Who are the characters? What is the setting? After the War is a fictional account of the great post-World War II Jewish migration to Eretz Israel, the land of Israel. The story is based on actual events that occurred between 1946-49 during the struggle for a Jewish homeland. The Holocaust A pile of victims’ shoes. This photo was taken in the city
of Warsaw in Poland where people
were rounded up to be sent to one of the concentration camps. As the novel begins:
World War II is over.
Ruth Mendenberg (the main character) returns to her hometown in Poland.
She learns that both her home and her family are gone.
She is alone and has nowhere to go.
She lives with the guilt of having survived when no one else in her family has. Ruth is unable to cry and sees life as worthless.
Only fifteen years old and a Holocaust survivor, Ruth finds personal self-renewal in the courage and love of the Jewish people. Ruth has been released from Buchenwald, one of Hitler’s concentration camps.
Ruth's days and nights are haunted by the memories of life and death in the camps. Buchenwald Prisoners Auschwitz-Berkenau Hell’s Gate
The main entrance to Birkenau. After her release from the Nazi death camp, Ruth returns home to the Polish town of Kielce.
She meets a Zionist organizer from Palestine. Zionism refers to the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel. As she was marched off to the slave labour camps, Ruth wonders if the ashes of her mother and sister drifted down onto her from the chimneys of the Auschwitz crematoria. “After all, if you couldn’t work you
went straight to the gas.” (Ruth, p. 35) Ruth meets up with a Jewish underground
organization that smuggles illegal
immigrants into Palestine.
This is called a Brichah (a flight or rescue). "I creep from behind the couch and move to the window. The crowd is beating some of the occupants of the house, using bricks, sticks, or stabbing them over and over with knives, all the time screaming, “murdering Jews, filthy Communists, child killers....” (p. 18) Interspersed throughout the novel are Ruth's memories of her earlier years, the happy family times, and the period in the concentration camp.
The memories appear in a different font and appear less and less as the novel progresses. I stood on the box in the factory, making bullets for the German army, bullets that would kill my cousins, my friends. (p. 35) “… at the last minute my mother pulled me in front of her and pushed me into the pit, already full of dead bodies…” (Zvi, p.78) "I lay on a mound of dead bodies in the camp at Buchenwald and the Nazis began to stick their bayonets into everyone to make sure they were all dead.” (Ruth, p. 81) Jews were told to bring their essential belongings on the transport to "Relocation". Immediately upon unloading, these were taken away and sorted in large warehouses in a section of Birkenau nicknamed "Canada" because it was a place of abundance.
These objects are often all that is left of their owners.
The objects shown here were left behind when the Nazis burned “Canada” to the ground. Auschwitz-Berkenau Shoes piled inside a huge glass case in the Auschwitz Museum.
This represents one day's collection at the peak of the gassings.
This picture shows about twenty-five thousand pairs of shoes. Jews from the Lodz ghetto board trains for the death camp at Chelmno. When they arrived at the camp, prisoners were issued serial numbers which were then sewn onto their prison uniforms.
These serial numbers were most often accompanied by different shapes, symbols or letters which identified the status, nationality, or religion of the prisoner.
Later, these serial numbers were tatooed unto the prisoner's arm. Four Greek Jewish Holocaust survivors display the
numbers tattooed on their arms during their incarceration
in Nazi concentration camps. (Photo by Rudi Williams) Castings of the crematorium ovens in which the victims' bodies were incinerated.
(Photo by Rudi Williams) Some of the 40,000 children kidnapped from eastern Europe for “reGermanization” in Germany await transport out of their temporary home at Auschwitz, July 1944. Dr. Josef Mengele, nicknamed "the Angel of Death", became a surviving symbol of Adolf Hitler's Final Solution.
He performed medical experiments on many prisoners. Artifacts Gallery http://www.ushmm.org/propaganda/exhibit.html#/gallery/ Adolf Hitler Biography The Concentration Camps Click the link to view an interactive site. "Those who forget the past are condemned to repeat it."
(George Santayana) Anne Frank was one of over one million Jewish children who died in the Holocaust. She was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany.
Anne went into hiding during the Holocaust.
For two years, they lived in a secret attic apartment behind the office of the family-owned business.
While in hiding, Anne kept a diary in which she recorded her fears, hopes, and experiences. (Ten minutes) (Ten minutes) (Seven minutes) This Prezi was prepared by
Macdonald Drive Junior High School
firstname.lastname@example.org This Prezi was prepared by
Macdonald Drive Junior High School
email@example.com Matas is the author of over twenty books for children and young adults. She has written:
and historical fiction.
She often writes on Jewish themes and is well-known for her books concerning the Holocaust. Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889– April 30, 1945) was leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, better known as the Nazi Party.
Hitler was the founder of Nazism and a dictator of Germany from 1933-1945.
Hitler planned and started World War II.
The Aryan race is a concept historically influential in Western culture in the period of the late 19th century and early 20th century. It derives from the idea that the original speakers of the Indo-European languages and their descendants up to the present day constitute a distinctive race or subrace of the larger Caucasian race. Literal meaning: a complete destruction by fire.
The Holocaust is the Nazi government’s killing of six million
Jews as well as the murder of five
million other civilians during World