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Dominick Gamarro

on 2 May 2013

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Transcript of Jivaro

Jivaro/Shuar Cultural Tribe By:Dominick Gamarro
and Giancarlo Visentin Living Quarters and Buildings Families live in one room houses,
with no internal walls. Houses only have shelves
for storage and beds made
out of bamboo that are
elevated just above the
ground. One community, which is
30-40 people, lives in one
house. The house is built on a steep hill
and by a stream. This is for
defensive purposes. The house is 13x26 meters
and is elliptical in shape. Folklore The Jivaro have
a large mythology
background. Stories have been told
about how the Jivaro
descendants have kept
the culture alive. The boa constrictor is
in mythological stories
for its strength and
fierceness. Religion The Jivaro believe
that everything that
happens in the world
are caused by spirits The Jivaro have the belief in animism,
which is the belief that animals, plants,
and other objects have spirits. Believe in Nungui, who is the Earth mother.
She protects the plants and the Jivaro garden.
Nungui rises at night to dance in the gardens
as the women sing. The spirit Arutam is responsible
for protecting the Jivaro from
disease. Rites of Passage Their rites of passage
and celebrations are connected
to their spiritual beliefs Defense and Protection In times of war with other tribes,
Jivaro communities will sometime join
together to defeat the common enemy. The most important moment in a young males life is gaining his aruatam (protective spirit). Parents believe without it their son will not survive adulthood. Houses are usually built on
steep hills so they have an
advantage against invasion. At or before puberty the young males are sent into
the forest and given the hallucinogen maikoa and wait the vision of arutam. They fast and bathe in waterfalls until they see the vision. However if they do not see the arutam they must return home then make a second journey. Clothing Both men and women wear
simple clothing made of durable
brown clothe and lasts for many years. Food and Preparation Their diets consists of meat
and vegetables. Common male attire is completed with
etsemat, which is a popular woven
hat with feathers on top. Their primary foods of their
diets are vegetables grown in their
garden Protein is gained from raising chicken and hunting game. The most popular drink among the Jivaro is beer made from fermented manioc (cassava) root. Family Structure The roles of men and females are
decided by their religious beliefs There are also clothes for cultural
celebrations. The men usually paint
their face black and red and wrap their
shoulders with the bones of a bird. Education Manioc (cassava)is thought to be female. Their tasks are related to the planting, reaping, and processing of manioc. Little formal education
is given to the Jivaro
children. Planting and reaping of corn are the responsibility of men There are radio broadcast
given to some Jivaro
settlements to educate the
children in the tribe. Most Jivaro families have one or two dogs. They are not kept as pets, but only used for hunting and protection. Dogs have a privileged position in Jivaro households. They receive attention and special care The Jivaro are taught to
survive in the wild, swim,
and hunt at a very young age
by parents and older siblings. On the other hand monkeys and birds are the usual pets Rituals Jivaro men sing special songs while weaving. Women do the same while gardening. The main threat to the Jivaro is
having a continuing hatred with
the Spanish. Threat At parties or ceremonial events, flutes and drums made with monkey skins are used to accompany the singers Songs and music are a part of Jivaro daily life. Jivaro men sing special songs while weaving. Women do the same while gardening. At parties or ceremonial events, flutes and drums made with monkey skins are used while singing They are known for shrinking human heads Houses are also built at
the upper end of a stream,
which makes for a quick escape
if needed.
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