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South America - Bolivia

Developing Country Issues
by

ABIGAIL CHANG

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of South America - Bolivia

Quechua 30%
Mestizo 30%
(mixed white and Amerindian ancestry)
Aymara 25%
White 15% Plurinational State of Bolivia DEVELOPING COUNTRY ISSUES BOLIVIA World's 28th largest country
Location: Central South America, Southwest of Brazil
Coordinate: 17 00 S, 65 00 W
Total Area: 424,164 sq m
1,098,581 sq km (Size of Texas and California)
Capital: Sucre (Constitutional Capital)
La Paz (Seat of Government)
Largest City: Santa Cruz de la Sierra (17°48S 63°10W) GEOGRAPHY DEMOGRAPHICS LANGUAGE Illegal Drugs ISSUE CONCERNING POPULATION Aymara
Guarani
Spanish
Quechua
33 other native languages 82nd Comparison to world population
Estimated population: 10,290,003 (July 2011) NATIONALITY BOLIVIAN ETHNIC GROUPS LITERACY (2001 census percentage age 15 and over that can read and write)
Total Population: 86.7%
Male: 93.1%
Female: 80.7% RELIGION Roman Catholic 51%
Other Christian 30%
Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 16%
Non-religious 2.5%
Other (Islam, the Baha'i Faith, Judaism, Buddhism, Shinto etc.) 0.2% Third biggest producer and source for coca, besides Columbia and Peru.
700 tonnes of illegal coca by drug traffickers are confiscates Bolivia every year
Started by indigenous tradition by using coca leaf for chewing and coca tea. Bolivian President
"I call upon you to correct, to repair an error that has gone on for more than 50 years. Because it is only just to recognize legal consumption of coca leaf chewing," Mr Morales said.
Mr Morales stressed that he was not advocating the use of the coca leaf to produce cocaine, but rather to highlight what he called its "beneficial" uses.
"For example, we have coca marmalade here which is very nice. In Bolivia we have coca tea," he said.
Morales said that chewing coca leaves was an "ancestral right" for Bolivians.
Bolivian Politician
"The 1961 convention prohibits coca-leaf chewing. If we don't (withdraw), our brothers and sisters will not be able to take part in this ancestral practice," Choquehuanca said.
"[This] is an attempt to keep the cultural and inoffensive practices of coca chewing and to respect human rights, but not just of indigenous people, because this is an ancient practice of all Bolivian people," Choquehuanca said.
Government Coca Director
Luis Cutipa, government's coca director believes that turning this excess into fertiliser will deprive criminals of their raw material for making cocaine, much of which goes to Brazil and on to Europe. He is optimistic that compost made from coca can be made on an industrial scale.
Bolivian NGO
Director of the Andean Information Network, a Bolivian NGO, Kathryn Ledebur, says that though the coca compost campaign is laudable it will have little impact on Bolivia's anti-drugs effort, the success of which relies far more on demand in the west than on supply at home.
Russia's Federal Drug Control Service
The head of Russia's Federal Drug Control Service, Victor Ivanov, spoke of the need to do "everything we can against legalizing drugs," when asked about his position on Bolivia's campaign in favour of recognizing coca leaf consumption there. VIEWPOINTS VIDEOS RELATING TO ISSUE INTRODUCTION Current law prohibits drug use and punishes possession for personal use with internment and forced treatment. Outcomes to be achieved MY OPINION BIBLIOGRAPHY http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_drug_trade_in_Bolivia
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-17338975
http://www.druglawreform.info/en/country-information/bolivia
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/mar/30/bolivia-illegal-coca-compost-cocaine
http://www.tokeofthetown.com/2011/06/bolivia_set_to_withdraw_from_un_treaty_banning_dru.php
http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2012/3/13/worldupdates/2012-03-13T010326Z_1_BRE82C01Y_RTROPTT_0_UK-DRUGS-UN-BOLIVIA&sec=Worldupdates In my opinion, drugs must be ban immediately by the government. Now the president is legalizing chewing of coca, then next maybe he's going to legalized cocaine. This thing has to stop immediately, as there's is a increasing number of drug trafficking in Bolivia. BOLIVIA COAT OF ARMS BOLIVIA FLAG
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