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Transcript of Irish Dance
History of Irish Dance
Types of Irish Dance
Hard Shoe vs Soft Shoe
Costume, Hair and Music
Lessons History of Irish Dance The History Of Irish Dance Earliest dancers could have been the Druids, who danced religious rituals to the oak tree and the sun. 1500s Feisianna began. "Crossroad dancing" became popular, but later banned by the clergy. 1014 Gaelic revival Dance
Day 400 AD-
1000 Types of Dance Sean-nós Dance "Sean nos" means "Old Style" in the Irish language.
It's similar to Irish Stepdance, but less competitive.
It's about expression: you can move your arms around to the rhythm of the music, and instead of the expensive and very fancy dresses, you can wear street clothes.
The footwork is very low to the ground, and not choreographed. "Dancing with the feet is one thing, but dancing with the heart is another.” Irish proverb Old Style Step Dancing Very competitive: dancers around the globe compete for the world title.
Two types of shoes worn: Hard shoes and Soft Shoes.
Steps are done twice: First with the right foot, then with the left foot.
Each dance is choreographed by individual teachers following the same rules (traditional sets are exceptions). Social / Set Dances Social (or céilí dances) are danced in groups.
In the olden days, céilís were a place where people could exchange information and catch up with friends
People danced at crossroads because their was enough room for groups
Set dancing is more structured than céilís, and are traditional Soft Shoe In Irish dance there are two types of
shoes: hard shoes and soft shoes. The soft shoes (also called ghillies) are black lace up shoes. The soft shoe dances are:
The light jig (6/8 time)
The reel (4/4, 2/4 or 2/2 time)
The single jig (6/8 time)
The slip jig (9/8 time) The first dance taught to beginners is usually the reel. Dances are usually 2 or 3 steps long.
Each step lasts 8 bars of music.
First with the right foot, then with the left foot. It's important to have proper fitting soft shoes, or else your feet won't look pointed, even if they are. Hard Shoe Hard shoes look sort of like tap shoes, only made with fiberglass tips and heels. The first hard shoes were made of wooden or leather taps, with metal nails. Only girls wear ghillies; boys wear reel shoes Boys and girls wear the same hard shoes. The hard shoe dances are:
Hornpipe (2/4 time)
Treble jig (6/8 time)
Traditional sets Traditional sets are the same for all dancers around the world. They were choreographed by the dance masters, and never changed over the years. After the conversion to Christianity in 400 AD, the peasants kept the same qualities in their music and dancing Vikings destroyed books from the 7th-8th century. Celtic traditions declined in the 12th century The Normans brought with them the tradition of circle dance. (1169) Irish dance continued in secret. There are many traditional sets, including: St. Patrick's Day King of the Fairies Garden of Daisies Job of Journeywork Blackbird Dresses Each Irish dance school have their own "school dress" (Beginners + Shows)
Once in a certain level, you can get a "solo dress" Very expensive ($500-$1000) Embroidered with fancy embellishments Every dress is unique Hair + Makeup Hair in tight, ringlet like curls. Has to be your natural hair colour Most girls these days wear wigs Hairpiece or tiara Regular Makeup + Fake tan Under 11 - No makeup The only jewelery allowed is stud earrings. Socks + Shoes Hard shoes and soft shoes must be black.
Poodle socks The more sparkly, the better Competition Irish dance is very competitive- you can make a living out of simply competing! And if you join shows (eg. Lord of the Dance, Riverdance) you can actually earn money (though not much). Being a dance teacher can be another career option if you're too old to compete and like teaching kids. A dressmaker can also make quite a bit of money. Levels: Pre-Beginner
Open Championship Not always available Hard to get out of Level Requirements Beginner - N/A
Advanced Beginner- 3rd or better (beginner dances)
Novice- 2nd or better (advanced beginner dances)
Prizewinner- 1st (novice dances)
Prelim Champ- 1st (prizewinner dances)
Open Champ- 1st (prelim dances) Competition Feis- Small competition, local
Oireachtas- Regional competition, qualifier for World's
Nationals- North American Irish Dance Championships
Worlds- Traditionally held in Ireland Lessons Considering how popular Irish dance has become, it's not hard to find a place to learn, or somewhere to go to watch Irish dancing. You could watch a show, such as Riverdance, if it's on tour in your neighborhood. You can also buy tickets to watch a feis if you want to. You could also take lessons from a nearby dance school.... Music There is specific music for each dance
The background music from the beginning of the presentation was a reel, and the next one was a jig. First c訬럩eili in 1697. Traditional sets were made Dance masters taught steps to people who didn't know how to dance. Gaelic League was established (1893) Danced all over the world Riverdance and Lord of the Dance An Coimisi� Rinc럇aelacha (1929) Dance Masters Elaborately dressed, the dance master was a traveling man, whose main goal was to teach peasants how to dance. He would lodge with a local family (who would get free lessons). Each master had his own territory- but it wasn't uncommon for a master to be kidnapped by another district. That's all I have to say about that.... THE END