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Copy of Chapter 6: Comprehension Creating Strategic Readers by Valerie Ellery
Transcript of Copy of Chapter 6: Comprehension Creating Strategic Readers by Valerie Ellery
Some techniques for previewing include:
* What I Know….What I Wonder….
Ask your child what they know about the book and what they wonder about the book.
Discuss with your child what the book is about and the vocabulary used. Also, have students preview pictures to get some information about the book.
*Getting to Know the Text
The students can read the headings in a test and predict what they think the text will be about.
*Skim & Scan
The students can skim and scan subheadings, diagrams, and other portions to help give them a feel for the text. Comprehension Activating and Building
Background Knowledge “Good readers “think” while they read”...
Students connect new information to their own experiences (text to self), to other texts they have experienced (text to text), and to real-world issues (text to world).
Strategic readers add or alter their thinking as they encounter new ideas and information from a text. It is critical that teachers not only activate their students’ knowledge of topics they are reading about but also are aware of situations in which students have little or no background knowledge so that they can build understandings before students begin reading. Predicting Predicting is a strategy that helps readers set expectations for reading, connect early with the text for meaning and decide what they think will happen. Techniques for Predicting Are:
· Picture Walks – Used to illustrate within a text to make predictions. (ex: nature walks and have the students to predict what will happen.
· Journaling – To predict in written form what a text will be about. ( ex: offer a sentence stem).
· Story Impressions – Which are used to compose, check and modify predictions. ( ex: Venn Diagram to compare and contrast their story predictions to the original story.
· Two – Column Note Prediction - To recall and justify predictions. (ex. Two – Column Note Prediction Form). Questioning Visualizing
and Sensory Imaging Close your eyes.... Inferring and Drawing Conclusions Inferring is a strategy that permits readers to merge their background knowledge with text clues to come to a conclusion about an underlying theme or idea.
Drawing conclusions helps readers gather more information and ideas and understand the writer's point of view. Summarizing Summarizing is a strategy that’s helps the reader identify and organize the essential information found within the text.
Strategic readers summarize during reading by putting together information and focusing on Key elements of what they are reading.
These Key elements are brief and related to important ideas, details, structural clues, or other information that supports the reader in bringing meaning to the text.
A summary is an objective retelling; it does not make obvious judgements. Summarizing is a brief reduction of a passage into a simple collection of facts. As you implement various techniques use the following behaviors as a guide to assess students’ ability to summarize:
Reconstructing the text through retell
Identifying and organizing essential information
Examining and filtering less significant details. Techniques for Summarizing
Journaling or Group Chart
Somebody/Wanted/But/So Synthesizing is the merging of new information with prior background knowledge to create an original idea. Strategic readers:
Stop periodically to digest what they have read and what it means before continuing.
*Allows readers to form opinions and combine separate pieces of information to come up with knowledge that is new.
*Allows readers to make judgments that promote higher-order thinking.
Synthesizing usually occurs in conjunction with analysis. Readers sift through information, pull out key ideas, and put ideas together to have an overall sense of what they are reading. Synthesizing requires that readers integrate all of the comprehension strategies described in this chapter-which itself is actually, is synthesizing. As you implement the techniques that support synthesizing, look for the following behaviors to be exhibited:
*Interpreting understanding of the text through drama and artwork.
*Combining information and forming new thoughts.
*Monitoring and evaluating text for meaning. Determining Importance Synthesizing Comprehension strategies help activate and build schema. Requires that the student reviews content and must relate to what they have learned, to what they already know.
Use of this strategy moves students from general questions to text specific questions.
Visualizing helps a young reader to:
·engage with the text
·make connections to the text
·experience their own imagination
·pay attention to details in a story
·strengthen recall and retelling skills ~ Requires the reader to distinguish between what is important and what is merely interesting
~Students identify the topic and supporting details so they can identify or invent their own main idea
~”Readers cannot store all the information presented in a text in their minds. Sifting through information to determine the most important points ensures that working memory is not overloaded and continues to process information” (Fisher et al., 2009, p51.) ~Picture This
~Main Idea Wheel
~Highlighting Do YOU Have a Hat? What do you ________ ?
(see, hear, smell, feel, taste)
Sensory Imaging helps a young reader to:
·made reading an active process
·experience new things through the text
·strengthen recall and retelling skills Techniques for Visualizing and Sensory Imaging:
Sketch to Stretch
Wordless Picture Books
Sensory Impressions No matter what hat you wear, or how many hats, wear them well!