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Transcript of Chinese Art
(618-907) Civil examinations instituted
When passed exam
-won prestige, position, power, and wealth
China's scholars called, "wenren" Song Dynasty (960-1279) Examinations expanded and regularized
Government positions mostly filled by scholars
Characterized Chinese people as gentle, erudite (well educated), and sophisticated
Introspective -> rejected foreign ideas and influences Works Cited http://www.chinatravel.com/china-map/ancient-china-maps/map-129.htm
http://www.all-ez.com/frisian-inka.htm Foundation of Chinese Culture Between 6000 and 2000 BCE a variety of Neolithic cultures flourished across China
Bronze Age Dynasties:
Xia, Shang (c. 1700-1100 BCE), and Zhou (1100-221 BCE) Qing Era Ruled by outside group, Manchos
Mancho kept traditional connections to Tibet and inner Asia through Tibetan Buddhism, while embracing Chinese ideals
Practiced painting, calligraphy, composing poetry in Chinese and collecting esteemed Chinese works of art Mongol invasion Nomadic People from steppes North of China
In 1279, Kublai Khan led the capture of Southern China
Kublai proclaimed himself emperor of China and founder of Yuan Dynasty
Believed "Barbarians" (people outside of China) were characterized as crude, wild and uncivilized
Inward gaze of intensified spiritual resistance
Scholars continued to seek ways to express all that could be identified as authentically Chinese Yuan (1279-1368) Combined with tensions of Yuan Rule and separation of China's political cultural centers create new dynamic in arts The Forbidden City Architecture Centuries of warfare and destruction
have left very few Chinese architectural
monuments intact. The Forbidden City is the most important
remaining. Chinese style is all about simplicity, clarity,
symmetry, and balance. Religion/Schools of Thought in China after 1279 1. Confucianism
3. Buddhism Made the official state ideology during the Han dynasty [206 BCE-220 CE].
An ethical system for the management of society based on establishing correct relationships among people.
Addresses the public realm of duty and conformity.
Human beings are teachable, and improvable, through self-cultivation, and personal and communal endeavor.
Gods and an afterlife should not be the focus; family and the present world should. Confucianism Came into play during the Han dynasty also.
Provided a counterweight to Confucianism.
It is a way of life that seeks to harmonize the individual with the Dao, or Way, the process of the universe.
Addresses the private realm of individualism and creativity. Daoism On its way into China during the Han dynasty.
Life is permeated with suffering caused by desire. When desire ceases, suffering ceases, and enlightenment can be obtained by right conduct, wisdom, and meditation. Buddhism (circa. 720) Zhao Mengfu- Autumn Colors (Circa 1300) Ni Zan - Rangxi Studio (Circa 1375) Ming Dynasty Yin Hong - Hundreds of Birds Admiring Peacocks (Circa 1500) Qiu Ying - Spring Dawn in the Han Palace full (Circa 1500) Qiu Ying - Spring Dawn Section Dong Qichang - The Qingbian Mountains (Circa 1600) Shen Zhou - Poet on a Mountaintop (Circa 1450) Qing Shi Tao - Landscape (Circa 1700) Modern Wu Guanzhong - Pine Spirit (1984) Zhou - feudal society developed, nobles related to king ruling over smaller states Shang - writing scripts directly evolved into modern written language [from Bailey's "Sailing to Paradise"]