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Examen final pour francais

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Jessie Dela Cruz

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Examen final pour francais

Examen final
by Jessie Dela Cruz L'imparfait v. passé composé Le future Le conditionnel Les pronoms Sentence Examples Sentence examples Passé composé L'imparfait Verbes reflechives The reflexive verbs are used
with the pronouns me, te, se,
nous, vous that matches
with the same subject. Conjugations pour
les verbes reflechis? -Se raser to shave
-Se laver to wash
-Se brosser to brush
-S'essuyer to wipe/dry
-Se couper to cut
-Se sécher to dry
-Se peigner to comb
-Se maquiller to apply makeup
-Se mettre à table to sit down/to eat
-S'amuser to have fun
-S'excuser to apologize
-S'acheter to buy (oneself) Examples To conjugate imperfect verbs:
You use the present nous form of the verb without the -ons,
and add in the imperfect endings. Reminder: Imperfect verbs are used for repeated actions that are still going on. In other words, imperfect verbs does not take place in one point in time. I ate dinner with my family.
J'ai diné avec ma famille.
I went to school this morning by car.
Je suis allée à l'école ce matin en voiture.

We had a lot of homework last night.
Nous avons eu beaucoup des devoirs hier
soir. The future tense of verbs are used to describe actions that will happen later on. Conditional verbs are used to describe what would
happen if a condition is met. Pronouns are used to replace the subject.
There are two types of pronouns, the direct-object
pronouns and the indirect-object pronouns. Topics: 1-Verbes reflechis
3-Passe compose
4-L'imparfait v. passe compose
5-Le future
6-Le conditionnel
7-Les pronoms Les différences entre l'imparfait et
le passé composé -Se réveiller to wake up
-Se lever to get up
-S'habiller to get dressed
-Se préparer to get ready
-Se rendre à to go to
-Se dépêcher to hurry
-Se promener to take a walk
-S'arrêter to stop
-Se reposer to rest
-Se déshabiller to get undressed
-Se coucher to go to bed
-S'endormir to go to sleep *Note: Reflexive verbs are basically verbs that is done in respect to the subject.
Ex. I brush my teeth.
I comb my hair. Se brosser Je me brosse
Tu te brosses
Il/elle/on se brosse
Nous nous brossons
Vous Vous brossez
Ils/Elles se brossent Me
Se Present: I did not brush my teeth.
Je ne me brosse pas les dents. I brush my teeth.
Je me brosse les dents. Past tense:
*Instead of avoir, use être, just like how it used with
"vandertramp" verbs, except now, me/te/se/nous/vous is added. Se brosser in passé compose
Je me suis brossé
Tu t'es brossé
Il/on s'est brossé Nous nous sommes brossés
Vous vous êtes brossé(s)
Ils se sont brossés I wiped my hands. Je me suis essuyée les mains. Present in negative: The reflexive pronoun (me/te/se/nous/vous) comes before the verb it relates to, representing the same person(people). Future Tense: Future tense: Je vais me brosser les dents.
Je me vais brosser les dents. Future tense in negative form: Elle ne vais pas se sécher les cheveux.
Elle ne se vais pas sécher les cheveux. Note how "my teeth"
is translated to "les dents"
and not "mes dents" to brush Imperfect verbs are used when something used to
happen, or was happening. Pour example, "parler"
parlons - ons = parl- Then, add these endings: Je parlais
Tu parlais
Il parlait Ns parlions
Vs parliez
Ils parlaient Imperfect endings
Je -ais
Tu -ais
Il -ait
Ns -ions
Vs -iez
Ils -aient Imperfect stems visiter-je visitais recevoir-je recevais
finir-je finissais prendre-je prenais
vendre-je vendais boire-je buvais
avoir-j'avais lire-je lisais
faire-je faisais dire-je disais
aller-j'allais écrire-j'écrivais
être-j'étais voir-je voyais
venir-je venais connaître-je connaissais
sortir-je sortais vivre-je vivais
mettre-je mettais savoir-je savais I was eating. Je mangeais.
When they were little, they used to ride bikes. Quand ils étaient petits, ils faisaient des vélos.

Yesterday, we were studying for the test. Hier, nous étudions pour l'éxamen. Note: être has an irregular imperfect stem with ét- Passé composé is used when an event
happened in the past and the action is NOT repeated. Conjugations Passé composé avec avoir Manger - to eat Step 1: Conjugate avoir
Tu as
Il a
Nous avons
Vous avez
Ils ont Using regular verbs in the past tense, you conjugate the regular verb AND the verb "avoir" relating to the subject. Avoir comes before the regular verb. Step 2: Change manger to past participle: mangé.
*For regular -er verbs, the 'r' is removed and the accented é is added.* Step 3: Add the conjugated avoir and past participle. Step 4: J'ai mangé Nous avons mangé
Tu as mangé Vous avez mangé
Il a mangé Ils ont mangé Passé Composé avec être Aller - to go The verb être is usually used in past tense when the verb is a coming or going verb. "Mrs. vandertramp" helps you remember these verbs. Step 1: Conjugate être
Je suis Nous sommes
Tu es Vous êtes
Il est Ils sont Step 2: Change "aller" to its past participle:
*For past tense verbs using être, the verb agrees with the subject.* Step 3: Add the conjugated être and past
participle Step 4: Je suis allé(e) Nous sommes allé(e)s
Tu es allé(e) Vous êtes allé(e)s
Il/elle est allé(e) Ils/elles sont allé(e)s Past participles There is many past participle endings in French with the use of irregular verbs. Être -é J'ai été
Faire -ait J'ai fait

Dormir -i J'ai dormi
Finir -i J'ai fini

Mettre -is J'ai mis
Prendre -is J'ai pris

Dire -it J'ai dit
écrire -it J'ai écrit

Avoir -u J'ai eu
Voir -u J'ai vu Verb Ending Past participle Because I(the subject) am a female, a 2nd "e" is added to the end of the past participle, "allé".
If the subject is masculine, it stays the same. L'imparfait Le passé composé -Imperfect verbs are used when
the action is repeated.
-Imperfect verbs are also used
when the action is a continuing
action. -Past tense verbs are used when
the action takes place in ONE
point in time. I was eating when you called me last night. Je mangeais quand tu m'as téléphoné hier soir. Imperfect Past Tense For most verbs, future participles are the infinite form
minus the "e", if any. For example: donner - to give Je donnerai
Tu donneras
Il donnera Nous donnerons
Vous donnerez
Ils donneront Future endings Je -ai
Tu -as
Il -a
Nous -ons
Vous -ez
Ils -ont Sentence example:
I will give a present to my brother.
Je donnerai un cadeau à
mon frère. Conditional verb conjugations is basically the future stem, but instead of the regular endings, the imperfect endings are added to the end. Conditonal/imperfect endings Using the same example,
donner - to give Je -ais
Tu -ais
Il -ait
Ns -ions
Vs -iez
Ils -aient Je donnerais
Tu donnerais
Il donnerait Ns donnerions
Vs donneriez
lls donneraient Sentence example: If it were his birthday, I would give
him a present. Si c'était son anniversaire,
je donnerais un cadeau à
mon frère. Direct-object pronouns Le, La, Les are used
replacing people or
objects. Est-ce que tu achètes
les livres? Oui, je les achète. Indirect-object pronouns Lui and leur are used
replacing people:
"à + noun" Est-ce que tu as téléphoné
à ton frère? Oui, je lui ai téléphoné. Y and En "Y" is used to replace
à + place. "En" is used to replace an amount, or "de". Je suis allée à l'école.
J'y suis allée. J'achète des chaussures. J'en achète.
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